POTENSI DAN PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH DEKORTIKASI TANAMAN SISAL (Agave sisalana) Potential Use of Waste Plant Decortication of Sisal(Agave sisalana)

Yoga Angangga Yogi, Garusti Garusti, Budi Santoso

Abstract


Sisal (Agave sisalana) merupakan tanaman mempunyai produk utama berupa serat alami dengan rendemen rata – rata 5%. Limbah sisal mencapai hingga sekitar 95% biasanya terbuang dan dapat menjadi masalah lingkungan. Tujuan dari ulasan ini untuk menjelaskan potensi pemanfaatan limbah sisal. Produk samping yang sedang dikembangkan dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah limbah dekortikasi sisal. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa limbah dekortikasi sisal masih mengandung senyawa biokimia aktif yang berpotensi dimanfaatkan dalam berbagai bidang. Limbah dekortikasi sisal dalam bidang farmakologi bersifat sitotoksik, antineoplastik, antifungal, anthelmintik, pelembab dalam bahan kosmetik, dan saponin yang terdapat dalam limbah dapat bersifat antioksidan, antimikrobia, antikanker. Limbah sisal juga dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan pakan dan biogas. Selain itu dalam bidang makanan dan minuman limbah sisal mengandung senyawa penstabil/pengemulsi dan bahan kemasan biodegradable.


Keywords


Produk samping, sisal, nilai tambah

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/psp.v20n1.2021.01%20-%2010

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