Distribusi Logam Berat Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni dan Risiko Kesehatan Akibat Paparan Logam Berat Melalui Saluran Pencernaan di Lahan Sawah Sekitar Kawasan Industri Kabupaten Bandung

Cicik Oktasari Handayani, Sukarjo Sukarjo, Triyani Dewi

Abstract


Pencemaran logam berat pada lahan pertanian menjadi isu penting karena produk pertanian yang dihasilkan akan dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat sehingga akan berdampak pada kesehatan masyarakat. Limbah industri merupakan salah satu sumber logam berat di lahan pertanian. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui status dan pola distribusi logam berat serta kesehatan masyarakat yang terkait dengan paparan logam berat melalui saluran pencernaan dari tanah sawah di sekitar kawasan industri Kabupaten Bandung. Metode yang dilakukan adalah metode survei melalui pengambilan contoh tanah pada 37 titik lokasi di sekitar kawasan industri yang ditentukan secara grid pada peta penggunaan lahan. Analisis tanah meliputi konsentrasi logam berat Pb, Cd, Cr dan Ni. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi logam berat Pb, Cd, Cr, dan Ni pada tanah masih berada di bawah batas kritis. Berdasarkan nilai indeks geoakumulasi, keberadaan logam Cd pada lahan sawah di sekitar kawasan industri sebagian besar bersumber dari aktivitas manusia. Nilai rata-rata asupan mingguan akibat paparan logam berat  melalui saluran percernaan oleh anak-anak dan orang dewasa telah melebihi batas toleransi yang ditetapkan FAO/WHO untuk logam Pb, Cd, Cr dan Ni berturut-turut sebesar 0,0250, 0,0070, 0,0233 dan 0,0350 mg kg-1minggu-1.


Keywords


industri; logam berat; resiko kesehatan

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Alloway, B. J. (1995). Heavy metal in soils. Blackie Academic and Profesional.

Anaman, R., Peng, C., Jiang, Z., Liu, X., Zhou, Z., Guo, Z., & Xiao, X. (2022). Science of the Total Environment Identifying sources and transport routes of heavy metals in soil with different land uses around a smelting site by GIS based PCA and PMF. 823.

ASTDR, 2020. Toxicological profile for lead. U. S. Department of Health Human Services. https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/95222.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Bandung. 2019. Kabupaten Bandung dalam Angka 2019. Bandung

Baltas, H., Sirin, M., Gökbayrak, E., & Ozcelik, A. E. (2020). A case study on pollution and a human health risk assessment of heavy metals in agricultural soils around Sinop province, Turkey. Chemosphere, 241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125015

Chen, H., Wang, L., Hu, B., Xu, J., & Liu, X. (2022). Potential driving forces and probabilistic health risks of heavy metal accumulation in the soils from an e-waste area, southeast China. Chemosphere, 289(September 2021), 133182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.133182

Endale, Y. T., Ambelu, A., Sahilu, G. G., Mees, B., & Laing, G. Du. (2021). Exposure and health risk assessment from consumption of Pb contaminated water in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Heliyon, 7(9). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07946

Eviati, & Sulaeman. (2009). Petunjuk Teknis Edisi 2 Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air, dan Pupuk (2nd ed.). Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Fei, X., Lou, Z., Xiao, R., Ren, Z., & Lv, X. (2022). Source analysis and source-oriented risk assessment of heavy metal pollution in agricultural soils of different cultivated land qualities. 341(December 2021).

Fu, Y., Li, F., Guo, S., & Zhao, M. (2021). Cadmium concentration and its typical input and output fluxes in agricultural soil downstream of a heavy metal sewage irrigation area. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 412(October 2020), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.125203

Jaskuła, J., & Sojka, M. (2022). Assessment of spatial distribution of sediment contamination with heavy metals in the two biggest rivers in Poland. Catena, 211(December 2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105959

Ji, Y., Xu, J., & Zhu, L. (2021). Impact of a super typhoon on heavy metal distribution, migration, availability in agricultural soils. Environmental Pollution, 289(June). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117835

Jiang, F., Ren, B., Hursthouse, A., Deng, R., & Wang, Z. (2019). Distribution, source identification, and ecological-health risks of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in soil of thallium mine area (southwestern Guizhou, China). In Environmental Science and Pollution Research (Vol. 26, Issue 16, pp. 16556–16567). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04997-3

Komarawidjaja, W. (2017). Paparan Limbah Cair Industri Mengandung Logam Berat pada Lahan Sawah di Desa Jelegong, Kecamatan Rancaekek, Kabupaten Bandung. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, 18(2), 173. https://doi.org/10.29122/jtl.v18i2.2047

Kwon, J. A., Park, E., Kim, S., & Kim, B. (2022). Influence of serum ferritin combined with blood cadmium concentrations on blood pressure and hypertension: From the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Chemosphere, 288(March 2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.132469

Liang, X., Ning, X. an, Chen, G., Lin, M., Liu, J., & Wang, Y. (2013). Concentrations and speciation of heavy metals in sludge from nine textile dyeing plants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 98, 128–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.09.012

Lin, Y., Huang, L., Xu, J., Specht, A. J., Yan, C., Geng, H., Shen, X., Nie, L. H., & Hu, H. (2019). Science of the Total Environment Blood lead , bone lead and child attention-de fi cit-hyperactivity-disorder- like behavior. 659(1665), 161–167.

Luo, H., Wang, Q., Guan, Q., Ma, Y., Ni, F., Yang, E., & Zhang, J. (2022). Heavy metal pollution levels, source apportionment and risk assessment in dust storms in key cities in Northwest China. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 422(August 2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126878

Mandal, S., Bhattacharya, S., & Paul, S. (2022). Assessing the level of contamination of metals in surface soils at thermal power area : Evidence from developing country ( India ). 4, 37–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enceco.2021.11.003

Markandeya, Mohan, D., & Prasad, S. (2022). Hazardous consequences of textile mill effluents on soil and their remediation approaches. Cleaner Engineering and Technology, 7(October 2021).

Nakagawa, K., Imura, T., & Berndtsson, R. (2022). Distribution of heavy metals and related health risks through soil ingestion in rural areas of western Japan. Chemosphere, 290(December 2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.133316

Nargis, A., Habib, A., Islam, N., Chen, K., Sarker, S. I., Liu, W., Liu, G., & Cai, M. (2022). Source identification , contamination status and health risk assessment of heavy metals from road dusts in Dhaka , Bangladesh. 121, 159–174.

Naseri, M., Rahmanikhah, Z., Beiygloo, V., & Ranjbar, S. (2014). Effects of Two Cooking Methods on the Concentrations of Some Heavy Metals ( Cadmium , Lead , Chromium , Nickel and Cobalt ) in Some Rice Brands Available in Iranian Market. 4, 65–72.

Panhwar, A., Faryal, K., Kandhro, A., Bhutto, S., Rashid, U., Jalbani, N., Sultana, R., Solangi, A., Ahmed, M., Qaisar, S., Solangi, Z., Gorar, M., & Sargani, E. (2022). Utilization of treated industrial wastewater and accumulation of heavy metals in soil and okra vegetable. Environmental Challenges, 6(January). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envc.2022.100447

Roohi, M., Riaz, M., Arif, M. S., Shahzad, S. M., Yasmeen, T., Riaz, M. A., Tahir, S., & Mahmood, K. (2016). Varied effects of untreated textile wastewater onto soil carbon mineralization and associated biochemical properties of a dryland agricultural soil. Journal of Environmental Management, 183, 530–540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.005

Sisay, B., Debebe, E., Meresa, A., & Abera, T. (2019). Analysis of cadmium and lead using atomic absorption spectrophotometer in roadside soils of Jimma town. Journal of Analytical & Pharmaceutical Research, 8(4), 144–147. https://doi.org/10.15406/japlr.2019.08.00329

Suhani, I., Sahab, S., Srivastava, V., & Singh, R. P. (2021). Impact of cadmium pollution on food safety and human health. Current Opinion in Toxicology, 27, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cotox.2021.04.004

Swarnkumar Reddy, & Osborne, W. J. (2020). Heavy metal determination and aquatic toxicity evaluation of textile dyes and effluents using Artemia salina. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 25(March). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2020.101574

Tian, K., Li, M., Hu, W., Fan, Y., Huang, B., & Zhao, Y. (2022). Environmental capacity of heavy metals in intensive agricultural soils: Insights from geochemical baselines and source apportionment. Science of the Total Environment, 819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153078

United State Environmental Protection Agency, 2001. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) Volume III: Part A. https://www.epa.gov/risk/risk-assessment-guidance-superfund-rags-volume-iii-part

Wielgusz, K., Praczyk, M., Irzykowska, L., & Świerk, D. (2022). Fertilization and soil pH affect seed and biomass yield, plant morphology, and cadmium uptake in hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). Industrial Crops and Products, 175(July 2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2021.114245

Young, J. L., & Cai, L. (2020). Implications for prenatal cadmium exposure and adverse health outcomes in adulthood. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 403(May). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2020.115161

Zhang, X., Zhou, J., Xu, Z., Zhu, P., & Liu, J. (2021). Characterization of heavy metals in textile sludge with hydrothermal carbonization treatment. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 402(August 2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123635

Zhang, Y., Wu, Y., Song, B., Zhou, L., Wang, F., & Pang, R. (2022). Spatial distribution and main controlling factor of cadmium accumulation in agricultural soils in Guizhou, China. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 424(September 2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127308




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jti.v46n1.2022.47%20-%2059

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim

 Sertifikat Akreditasi JTI (2021)

 

  

 

 

P-ISSN : 1410-7244

E-ISSN : 2722-7723

Alamat:

Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian

Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 12 Bogor 16124

Telf. (0251) 8323012

Fax. (0251) 8311256

(Stat Kunjungan [Sejak 11 Des 2016])