Polusi Tanah dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kesehatan Manusia

Mirawanty Amin

Abstract


Abstrak.  Polusi tanah merupakan masalah lingkungan yang sering dihadapi. Polusi tanah mengacu pada keberadaan bahan kimia atau zat yang hadir dengan konsentrasi yang lebih tinggi dari batas normal serta memiliki dampak negatif pada makhluk hidup dan lingkungan. Sumber polusi tanah diantaranya berasal dari kegiatan pertambangan, limbah rumah tangga, kegiatan pertanian dan masih banyak lagi. Apabila tidak dilakukan tindakan pencegahan atau remediasi dapat memberikan dampak negatif terhadap lingkungan, terutama bagi kesehatan manusia. Berbagai macam metode remediasi dapat dilakukan dengan metode berbasis sains, seperti peningkatan aktivitas mikroba (bioremediasi) dan penggunaan vegetasi untuk menghilangkan kontaminan (fitoremediasi). Metode ini dianggap dapat menjadi teknik pengendalian tanah tercemar karena mudah dan ekonomis untuk dilakukan.  Tindakan pencegahan lain yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan menggunakan pestisida nabati.  Arang aktif dapat juga digunakan untuk mengatasi masalah polusi tanah akibat residu pestisida. Arang aktif diketahui memiliki daya serap yang tinggi terhadap pencemar residu pestisida.  Diharapkan tulisan ini dapat memberikan informasi tentang polusi tanah dan dampaknya terhadap kesehatan manusia serta tindakan pencegahannya.


Keywords


Bioremediasi, fitoremediasi, kesehatan manusia, polusi tanah, polutan

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jsdl.v15n1.2021.36-45

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