Environmentally Friendly Agricultural Development

Mas Teddy Sutriadi, A. Wihardjaka, E. Srihayu Harsanti, Ali Pramono

Abstract


Abstract.  Environmentally friendly agriculture is an agricultural system that manages all resources and inputs of the agricultural system to achieve optimal productivity and economic benefits, but has a low risk of resource and environmental sustainability, as well as global warming/climate change. Environmentally friendly implementation strategies lead to synergy and integration between technologies, optimization of resources and production inputs which are carried out through three approaches, namely: (1) Anticipation, adaptation, and mitigation approaches in the context of global warming and climate change, (2) Mitigation approach, countermeasures, and remediation in the context of edhapik and biological environments, and (3) Land remediation approach in the context of degradation and pollution of land, air and ecosystem resources due to excessive use of agrochemicals. Support for research activities and development of adaptation, mitigation and remediation strategies for the restoration of polluted land is expected to increase the economy while producing healthy agricultural products and environment. Various regulations and policies for implementing a sustainable agricultural environment, socialization and implementation in the field must be supported by an agricultural environment information system that is easily accessed by users.


Keywords


environment friendly agriculture, strategy of implementation, technology component

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ardiwinata, AN, Juwarsih, SY Jatmiko, dan ES Harsanti. 2005. Kemampuan Adsorpsi Amelioran terhadap Residu Insektisida Aldrin, Lindan, Heptaklor, Dieldrin dan Klorpirifos di dalam Tanah. Makalah disampaikan dalam Seminar Nasional Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan Pertanian Melalui Pendekatan Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Secara Terpadu. Surakarta Maret 2005. p 14

Atmojo, SW. 2007. Pertanian sehat ramah lingkungan. Solo Pos, 5.

Balingtan. 2018. Pengembangan Integrasi Tanaman dan Ternak yang Efesien dan Tanggap Perubahan Iklim di Lahan Sub Optimal Sawah Tadah Hujan. Laporan Akhir Tahun 2018. Balai Penelitian Lingkungan Pertanian.

Cicerone, RJ, and JD Shetter. 1981. Sources of atmospheric methane: measurements in rice paddies and a discussion. J. Geophys. Res. 86: 7203-7209.

Direktorat Pupuk dan Pestisida. 2016. Pestisida Terdaftar dan Diizinkan untuk Pertanian dan Kehutanan. Direktorat Jendral Sarana dan Prasarana Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian 2016.

Ferrando, L, and S Tarlera. 2009. Activity and diversity of methanotrophs in the soil–water interface and rhizospheric soil from a flooded temperate rice field. Journal of Applied Microbiology 106: 306–316.

Harsanti, ES, Mulyadi, dan S Wahyuni. 2011. Penelitian teknologi remediasi lahan pertanian tercemar untuk mendukung P2BN dan hortikultura. Laporan Akhir 2011. Balai Penelitian Lingkungan Pertanian.

Harsanti, ES, A Wihardjaka, dan AN Ardiwinata. 2018. Pertanian Ramah Lingkungan di Lahan Rawa Terdegradasi. Dalam: Masganti et al. (eds). Inovasi Teknologi Lahan Rawa: Mendukung Kedaulatan Pangan. Depok: Rajawali Press. Hlm. 460-482.

Harsanti, ES, AN Ardiwinata, Mulyadi, dan A Wihardjaka. 2013. Peranan arang aktif dalam mitigasi residu pestisida pada tanaman komoditas strategis. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan (7)2: 57-65.

Gutierrez, J, SY Kim, and PJ Kim. 2013. Effect of rice cultivar on CH4 emissions and productivity in Korean Paddy Soil. Field Crops Research 146: 16–24.

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. 2017. Laporan Inventarisasi Gas Rumah Kaca dan MRV Nasional 2017.

Ministry of Environment and Forestry. 2017. Indonesia Third National Communication. Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Republic of Indonesia.

Mulyadi, T Dewi, dan SY Jatmiko. 2012. Pemberian humat pada tanah tercemar untuk menurunkan logam Cd pada beras. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Pemupukan dan Pemulihan Lahan Terdegradasi. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Bogor.

Pandey, A, VT Mai, DQ Vu, TPL Bui, TLA Mai, LS Jensen, and A de Neergaard. 2014. Organic matter and water management strategies to reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice paddies in Vietnam. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 196: 137-146.

Poniman, Indratin, dan S Rianto. 2017. Remediasi residu dieldrin dalam tanah dan beras menggunakan biochar mendukung upaya keamanan pangan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Fakultas Pertanian UNS. Hlm. 401-405.

Pramono, A, M Ariani, E Yulianingsih, A Hervani, TA Adriany, dan R Setianingrum. 2015. Pengelolaan Pertanian Rendah Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca. Booklet. Balai Penelitian Lingkungan Pertanian.

Schütz, H, W Seiler, and R Conrad. 1989. Processes involved in formation and emission of methane in rice paddies. Biogeochemistry 7: 33-53.

Setiyo, Y, IBW Gunam, IBP Gunadnya, dan IW Tika. 2011. Bioremediasi in-situ lahan tercemar pestisida oleh mikroba yang ada pada kompos. The Excellent research. Universitas Udayana.

Setyanto, P and A Hidayat. 2001. Identification of less greenhouse gases emissions technologies in agricultural sector (rice cultivation). p. 6.1-6.14 in Identification of Less Greenhouse Gases Emission Technologies in Indonesia. Ministry of Environment, Republic of Indonesia.

Setyanto P, Suharsih, A Wihardjaka, dan AK Makarim. 1999. Pengaruh pemberian pupuk anorganik terhadap emisi gas metana pada lahan sawah. Risalah Seminar Hasil Penelitian Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca dan Peningkatan Produktivitas Padi di Lahan Sawah. Bogor, 24 April 1999. Hlm. 36-43.

Simatupang, P. 2017. Arah dan strategi pembangunan pertanian masa depan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Inovasi Teknologi Pertanian Moderen Mendukung Pembangunan Pertanian Berkelanjutan. Bengkulu, 8 November 2016. Hlm. 7-31.

Smith, P, D Martino, Z Cai, D Gwary, H Janzen, P Kumar, B McCarl, S Ogle, F O’Mara, C Rice, B Scholes, and O Sirotenko. 2007. Agriculture. In: B Metz, OR Davidson, PR Bosch, R Dave, LA Meyer (Eds.). Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Sumarno. 2006. Sistem produksi padi berkelanjutan dengan penerapan revolusi hijau lestari. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 1(1): 1-18.

Sutriadi, MT, ES Harsanti, S Wahyuni, dan A Wihardjaka. 2019. Pestisida nabati: Prospek pengendali hama ramah lingkungan. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan 13(2): 89-101.

Wahyuni, S. 2014. Efektifitas Pelapisan Urea dengan Arang Aktif Yang Diperkaya Mikroba Indegenus Terhadap Penurunan Residu Heksaklorobenzen dan Endrin. PhD Thesis. Tesis. Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta. Hlm. 38.

Wihardjaka, A dan ES Harsanti. 2018. Konsentrasi cadmium (Cd) dalam gabah dan tanah sawah tadah hujan akibat pemberian pupuk secara rutin. Ecolab 12(1): 12-19.

Wihardjaka, A dan S Abdulrachman. 2007. Dampak Pemupukan Jangka Panjang Padi Sawah Tadah Hujan terhadap Emisi Gas Metana. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 26(3): 199-205.

Wihardjaka, A. 2011a. Pengaruh Jerami Padi dan Bahan Penghambat Nitrifikasi terhadap Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca (Metana dan Dinitrogen Oksida) pada Ekosistem Sawah Tadah Hujan di Kabupaten Pati, Jawa Tengah. Disertasi. Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Wihardjaka, A. 2011b. Pengaruh system tanam dan pemberian jerami padi terhadap emisi metana dan hasil padi Ciherang di ekosistem sawah tadah hujan. Pangan 20(4): 357-364.

Wihardjaka, A, P Setyanto, dan Mulyadi. 2013. Pendekatan pertanian ramah lingkungan berkelanjutan melalui sistem integrasi tanaman-ternak. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Inovasi Pertanian Ramah Lingkungan. Buku I. Makasar, 19-21 Juni 2013. Hlm. 653-663.

Wihardjaka, A, P Setyanto, and AK Makarim. 1999. Pengaruh penggunaan bahan organik terhadap hasil padi dan emisi gas metana pada lahan sawah. Risalah Seminar Hasil Penelitian Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca dan Peningkatan Produktivitas Padi di Lahan Sawah. Bogor, 24 April 1999. Hlm. 44-53.

World Resources Institute. 2017. Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Indonesia. https://www.climatelinks.org/sites/default/files/asset/document/2017_USAID_GHG%20Emissions%20Factsheet_Indonesia.pdf

USEPA. 2006. Global mitigation of non CO2 greenhouse gases. US Environmental Protection Agency, EPA 430 R D6 005. Wahington D.C. June 2006.

http:// CO2.earth/NOAA/NCEI global analysis accessed May 19, 2020




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jsdl.v15n2.2021.89-102

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan

View My Stats

P-ISSN   : 1907-0799

E-ISSN   : 2722-7731

Diindeks oleh:

   

       

 

 

 

 

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.