RESPON LIMA NOMOR UNGGUL KENCUR TERHADAP PEMUPUKAN

ROSITA SMD, OTIH ROSTIANA, W. HARYUDIN W. HARYUDIN

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Kencur (Kaempferia galanga) banyak dimanfaatkan oleh rumah
tangga, industri obat maupun makanan serta minuman dan industri rokok
kretek. Peningkatan pemakaian simplisia kencur dalam berbagai industri di
dalam negeri akan meningkatkan konsumsi simplisia ini, sehingga upaya
peningkatan produksi masih perlu dilakukan melalui budidaya, di
antaranya dengan penggunaan varietas unggul yang didukung dengan
pemupukan yang optimal. Di dalam penelitian ini dikaji respon lima
nomor unggul kencur terhadap paket pemupukan organik dan anorganik
pada tanah latosol di dataran rendah, Cileungsi, Bogor, Jawa Barat.
Penelitian dilaksanakan mulai bulan Oktober 2003 sampai Agustus 2004,
dengan RAK dalam pola faktorial. Faktor I nomor unggul kencur (V1, V2,
V3, V4 dan V5) dan faktor II paket pemupukan (6 paket), diulang 2 kali.
Jarak tanam yang digunakan 20 x 20 cm, ukuran petak 4 x 1,2 m. Hasil
penelitian menunjukkan, empat nomor unggul kencur (V1, V3, V4, V5),
dari lima nomor yang diuji, mempunyai kemampuan untuk menghasilkan
rimpang segar dan kering yang sama, dengan kisaran bobot rimpang segar
62,27-70,22 g/tanaman dan kisaran bobot rimpang kering 16,95-19,33 g/
tanaman. Paket pemupukan yang dianjurkan untuk semua nomor yang
diuji adalah pupuk kandang 20 ton/ha + urea 250 kg/ha + SP36 200 kg/ha
+ KCl 200 kg/ha, atau pemupukan organik dengan pupuk kandang kerbau
40 ton/ha. Respon lima nomor unggul kencur terhadap aplikasi paket
pemupukan memberikan mutu dengan hasil yang berbeda, yaitu kadar
minyak atsiri V3 (2,03%) tergolong mutu I, sedangkan empat nomor
lainnya tergolong mutu II (1,08 -1,97%), dengan hasil minyak atsiri 0,325
– 0,466 ml/tanaman. Serapan hara lima nomor unggul kencur terhadap
paket teknologi yang diuji memperlihatkan, serapan hara N berkisar antara
149,60 – 415,60 mg/tanaman, hara P 41,50 – 112,50 mg/tanaman, hara K
236,10 – 571,70 mg/tanaman.
Kata kunci : Kencur, Kaempferia galanga, varietas unggul, pemupukan,
serapan hara, produksi, mutu


ABSTRACT
Response of five galanga promising lines to fertilization
India galanga (Kaempferia galanga) is commonly used for
household consumption, medicines, food and drink supplement industries
as well as cigarette sauce. Increase in demand of this commodity for
domestic industries will raise the consumption of symplicia. Therefore,
effort in increasing yield of the plant through cultivation technique
improvement, i.e. application of superior variety and fertilization, is worth
to be accomplished. In this experiment five Galanga promising lines of
India galanga were subjected to organic and inorganic fertilizations at
low land latosol soil, Cileungsi, Bogor, West Java. Experiment was carried
out from October 2003 – August 2004 and arranged in randomized block
in factorial design, with two replications. First factor is the promising lines
(V1, V2, V3, V4 and V5); factor II is fertilization packages (6 packages).
Plot size of 4 x 1.2 m and plant spacing of 20 x 20 cm, were applied. The
results showed that four of five tested promising lines yielded the same
results of fresh and dry weight of rhizomes ranged from 62.27-70.22
g/plant, and the dry weight was 16.95-19.33 g/plant respectively.
Fertilization packages of dung manure 20 t/ha + urea 250 kg/ha + SP36
200 kg/ha + KCl 200 kg/ha, or organic fertilizer by using dung manure 40
ton/ha, are recommended. Application of fertilization package resulted in
different response to the plant for their qualities. The essential oil content
of promising lines V3 belongs to the first grade of quality (2.03%), while
the others are the second one (1.08-1.97%), with the yield of essential oil
ranged from 0.325 – 0.466 ml/plant. The nutrients uptake of the promising
lines to the applied technology package were 149.60 – 415.60 mg/plant of
N, 41.50 – 112.50 mg/plant of P, and 236.10 – 571.70 mg/plant of K
nutrients.
Key words: Kaempferia galanga , superior variety, fertilization, nutrient
up take, yield, quality


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jlittri.v13n4.2007.130-135

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.




P-ISSN: 0853-8212
E-ISSN: 2528-6870

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

(Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development)

Jln. Tentara Pelajar No 1, Kampus Penelitian Cimanggu

Bogor 16111 Indonesia

Phone: +62251-8313083

Fax: +62251-8336194

Email: littri_puslitbangbun@yahoo.co.id



View My Stats