KAJIAN PENAWARAN KELAPA UNTUK MEMENUHI PERMINTAAN INDUSTRI MINYAK KELAPA DAN INDUSTRI MAKANAN-MINUMAN (Studi Kasus Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir, Riau)

SABARMAN DAMANIK

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Penelitian dengan kajian penawaran kelapa untuk memenuhi
permintaan industri minyak kelapa dan industri makanan dan minuman
telah dilakukan di Desa Sei Ara, Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir, Riau sejak
Februari 2005 sampai dengan Juli 2006. Pengumpulan data dilaksanakan
terhadap 90 orang petani kelapa.Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk melihat
keterkaitan dan elastisitas penawaran kelapa dalam memenuhi permintaan
industri minyak kelapa, industri makanan-minuman, industri kosmetik dan
rumah tangga. Model ekonometrika yang dibangun dalam studi empiris ini
telah mampu menjelaskan perilaku penawaran kelapa dan permintaan kelapa
untuk industri minyak kelapa, industri makanan-minuman, industri kosmetik dan
permintaan rumah tangga. Perilaku perkembangan areal kelapa pada ke-tiga
perkebunan (Rakyat, BUMN dan Swasta Besar) menunjukkan respon yang
elastis terhadap harga kompetitornya. Respon produktivitas kelapa menunjuk-
kan sangat tidak elastis terhadap harga komoditasnya, termasuk kompetitor-
nya, serta harga pasar ekspor. Namun demikian peubah-peubah harga cukup
signifikan untuk melihat pengaruhnya terhadap respon produktivitas kelapa.
Permintaan kelapa untuk industri minyak kelapa, industri makanan, industri
kosmetik dan rumah tangga sangat respon terhadap perubahan harga komoditas
kelapa dan harga substitusi minyak sawit.
Kata kunci : Kelapa, Cocos nucifera L., ekonometrika, minyak kelapa,
penawaran, harga, Riau
ABSTRACT
Study of coconut supply for some industries including coconut
oil, food and beverage industry
The study of coconut supply for some industries including coconut
oil, food and beverages industry was conducted from February 2005 to
July 2005 in Sei Ara Village, Indragiri Hilir District, Riau Province. The
primary data were collected through the interviews of 90 coconut
farmers.The objective of the research was to find out the linkage and
coconut supply elasticity in demand for some industry coconut oil, food
and beverage industry, cosmetic and household. The result research
through economic analysis of 10 structural equations and 7 identity
equations were shown.  Econometrics model that was established in the
empiric study enable to give explanation on coconut supply and demand
pattern for some industries such as coconut oil, food and-beverage
industry, cosmetics and household demand. Development pattern for
coconut area on the three plantations (public, BUMN and private) shows
elastic responds on their competitor's price. Coconut productivity response
shows very inelastic on the price, including the competitor and export
market price. Nevertheless, variables of price sufficient enough to use as
indicator of the effect on coconut productivity respond. Coconut supply for
some industries including coconut oil, food-and beverages industry,
cosmetics and household industries show high respond on the exchange of
coconut price and indirect substitution price (oil palm).
Key words: Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., econometric, coconut oil,
supply, price, Riau

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jlittri.v13n2.2007.49-56

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