PENGARUH TINGKAT PEMBERIAN AIR PADA TIGA AKSESI SAMBILOTO (Andrographis paniculata Nees )TERHADAP MUTU DAN PRODUKSI SIMPLISIA

M. JANUWATI, NUR MASLAHAH

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian air
terhadap tiga aksesi sambiloto untuk meningkatkan produktivitas dan mutu
simplisia. Dilaksanakan di rumah kaca Balittro (Balai Penelitian Tanaman
Obat dan Aromatik), Bogor, dari bulan Juni sampai Desember 2006.
Rancangan yang digunakan adalah petak terbagi, dengan ulangan tiga
kali. Petak utama adalah aksesi sambiloto (3 nomor) yaitu Cmg-1, Cmg 2,
dan Blali-1, anak petak adalah pemberian air (5 perlakuan) yaitu 3, 4, 5, 6,
dan 7 mm/hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada interaksi
antara aksesi sambiloto dan tingkat pemberian air terhadap pertumbuhan
tanaman (tinggi tanaman, jumlah cabang dan luas daun), kecuali pada
produksi berat segar 2 bulan setelah tanam (BST) dan produksi berat
kering pada 4 BST. Perlakuan Cmg-2 dikombinasi dengan pemberian air 5
mm/hari menghasilkan berat segar dan kering tertinggi. Perlakuan
pemberian air 3-7 mm/hari/tanaman dapat menghasilkan produksi dan
mutu simplisia yang dapat memenuhi standar Materia Medika Indonesia
(MMI) berdasar kadar air, kadar abu, dan kadar sarinya. Dengan demikian
kebutuhan air sambiloto setara dengan palawija atau sayur-sayuran. Mutu
Blali-1 dan pada perlakuan pemberian air 3 mm/hari menunjukkan kadar
sari larut alkohol tertinggi (22,28%) dan Cmg-2 pada perlakuan pemberian
air 4 mm/hari menunjukkan kadar sari larut air paling tinggi (28,14%) dan
kadar andrografolid simplisia 1,78%.
Kata kunci : Sambiloto,  Andrographis  paniculata  Nees,  tingkat
pemberian air, produksi, mutu simplisia
ABSTRACT
The effects of water treatment on some numbers of
accessions on the quality and production of the symplicia
of sambiloto, the king of bitter (Andrographis paniculata
Nees )
The experiment was carried out to study the effect of water
treatment three accession of sambiloto, the king of bitter, to increase its
productivity and symplicia. The experiment was conducted in the green
house of the Indonesian Medicinal and Aromatic Crop Research Institute
(IMACRI), Bogor, from June to December 2006. The experiment
arranged in split plot design with three replications, The main factor was
three accession number of sambiloto i.e. Cmg-1, Cmg-2, and Blali-1,
whereas the sub factor was water treatments i.e. 3 mm, 4 mm, 5 mm, 6
mm, and 7 mm/day. The results showed that there was no interaction
between the numbers of accessions and water treatment on the plant
growth except for fresh weight production at 2 Month After Planting
(MAP) and dry weight production at 4 MAP. Cmg-2 treatment combined
with water treatment (5 mm/day) produced the highest fresh and dry
weight. Water treatment of 3 - 7 mm/day produce the yield and quality that
meet standard of the Materia Medika Indonesia (the material medical of
Indonesia) based on the water, ash, and gist contents. Therefore, water
necessity of sambiloto is evenly balanced with secondary crops or
vegetables. The quality of Blali-1 on the water treatment of 3 mm/day
indicated the highest dissolved gist of alcohol (22.28%) meanwhile the
Cmg-2 on the water treatment of 4 mm/day showed the highest dissolved
gist of water (28.14%) and andrographolid content of symplicia is 1.78%.
Key words : King of bitter, Andrographis paniculata Nees, water
treatment, yield, quality of symplicia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jlittri.v14n2.2008.54-60

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