Kesesuaian Ketinggian Tempat terhadap Penerapan Sistem Tanam Legowo untuk Peningkatan Produksi Padi

Nurwulan Agustiani, Sujinah Sujinah, Zaqia M. Hikmah


This research was to obtain information of rice planting system technology based on altitude and type of varieties that correlated with high productivity. The experiment was conducted at dry season 2016 in three districts, Bandung, Subang, and Indramayu representing the high, mid and low altitudes. Experiment was arranged in split plot with 6 replications. The main plot was variety representing 2 type of variety, i.e (1) Inbred Inpari 32 and (2) Hybrid Hipa 18. The sub plot was planting system : (1) tegel (25x25 cm), (2) legowo 2:1 (25x12,5x50 cm), and (3) legowo 4:1 type 2 (25x12,5x50 cm). The result showed that growth and yield were very specific to pattern of planting system and type of variety. The interaction between location and planting system significantly to tiller number, leaf area, biomass, growth rate, and nett assimilation. In general, application of legowo planting system provided a higher yield than square planting system (tegel). In addition, increased production with application of legowo planting system suitable in upland for both Inpari 32 and Hipa 18. Otherwise, its application in midle and lowland not significant increased yield.


rice; altitude; legowo; variety

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


Abdulrachman S, N. Agustiani, I. Gunawan, dan M.J. Mejaya. 2012. Buku Legowo. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. Badan Litbang Pertanian. Jakarta.

Abu, R. L. A., Z. Basri, dan U. Made. 2017. Respon pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman padi (Oryza sativa L.) terhadap kebutuhan nitrogen menggunakan bagan warna daun. J. Agroland. 24(2): 119-127.

Anggraini, Fita., A. Suryanto, N. Aini. 2013. Sistem tanam dan umur bibit pada tanaman padi sawah (Oryza sativa L) varietas Inpari 13. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman. 1(1): 52-61.

Asmamaw, B. A. 2017. Effect of planting density on growth, yield and yield attributes of rice (Oryza sativa L.). African Journal of Agricultural. 12(35): 2713-2721.

Badano, E. I., L. A. Cavieres, M. A. Molina-Montenegro, and C. L. Quiroz. 2005. Slope aspect influences plant association patterns in the Mediterranean matorral of central Chile. Journal of Arid Environments. 62(1): 93-108.

Bennie, J., B. Huntley, and A. Wiltshire, M. O. Hill, and R. Baxter. 2008. Slope, aspect and climate: spatially explicit and implicit models of topographic microclimate in chalk grassland. Ecological Modelling. 216(1): 47-59.

Chowdhury, A.A. 2010. Effect of variety and row spacing on the growth and yield of Aus rice. Thesis. Department of Agronomy. Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University. Dhaka. p.1-54.

Dai, Q. 1988. Effect of low temperature on the rice (Oryza sativa L.) root system at seedling stage. Philipp. J. Crop. Sci. 13 (1): 9-13.

Dingkhun, M., F. Tivet, P. Siband, F. Asch, A. Audebert and A. Sow. 2001. Varietal differences in specific area: a common physiological determinant of tillering ability and early growth vigor. In: S. Peng and B. Hardy (eds). Rice Research for Food Security and Poverty Alleviation. p. 95-108.

Gomez K.A dan Gomez A.A. 2010. Prosedur Statistik untuk Penelitian Pertanian Edisi Kedua. Jakarta: UI Press.

Guo, L., M. Liu, Y. Zhang, Y. Tao, F. Zhang, G. Li, K. Dittert, and S. Lin. 2017. Yield differences get large with ascendant altitude between traditional paddy and water saving ground cover rice production system. European Journal of Agronomy. 92(2018):9-16.

Haque, M. M., H. R. Pramanik, J. K. Biswas, K. M. Iftekharuddaula, and M. Hasanuzzaman. 2015. Comparative performance of hybrid and elite inbred rice varieties with respect to their source sink relationship. The Scientific World Journal.1-11.

Hayashi, S., A. Kamoshita, and J. Yamagishi. 2006. Effect of planting density on grain yield and water productivity of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in flooded and non flooded fields in Japan. Plant Prod. Sci. 9(3): 298-311.

Jing, L. and Y. Jichao. 2012. Research progress in effect of different altitude on rice yield in quality in China. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2 (7): 340-344.

Koesmaryono, Y. 1996. Studies on photosynthesis, growth and yield of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) in relation to climatological environtment. Dissertation. United Graduated School of Agricultural Science.Matsuyama (Japan) : Ehime University.

Li, Yuejiau., X. Yang, H. Cai, L. Xao, X. Xu, and L. Liu. 2015. Topographical characteristics of agricultural potential productivity during cropland transformation in China. Sustainability (7): 96-220. doi:10.3390/su7010096

Michael, R. A. A. 2008. Studies on some agronomic traits of Nerica 1 and Nerica 5 under upland and irrigated lowland environments: Characteristics of Nerica in two different ecosystem. Master Degree Dissertation. Utsunomiya University. 1-78.

Moles, A.T., D. I. Warton, L. Warman, N.G. Swenson, S. W. Laffan, A. E. Zanne, A. Pitman, F.A. Hemmings, and M.R. Leishman. 2009. Global pattern in plant height. Journal of Ecology. 10p. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2009.01526.

Moller, C., J. B. Evers, and G. Rebetzke. 2014. Canopy architectural and physiological characterization of near isogenic wheat lines differing in the tiller inhibition gene tin. Frontiers in Plant Science 5 (617): 1-14. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00617

Nakano, H., I. Hattori, and S. Morita. 2014. Yield and nutritive value response to row spacing and cultivar in forage rice. Grassland Sci. 60(1): 55-62.

Sembiring, H dan S. Abdulrachman, 2008. Potensi penerapan dan pengembangan PTT dalam upaya peningkatan produksi padi. Iptek Tanaman Pangan. 3(2): 145-155.

Shrestha, S., F. Asch, H. Brueck, M. Giese, J. Dusserre, and A. Ramanantsoanirina. 2013. Phenological responses of upland rice brown along an altitudinal gradient. Environmental and Experimental Botany (89) : 1-10.

Suprihatno B dan A.A. daradjat. 2008. Kemajuan dan Ketersediaan Varietas Unggul Padi. Padi. Inovasi Teknologi dan Ketahanan Pangan Buku I. Sukamandi: Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman padi. p. 302-323.

Tian, G., L. Gao, Y. Kong, X. Hu, K. Xie, R. Zhang, N. Ling, Q. Shen, and S. Guo. 2017. Improving rice population productivity by reducing nitrogen rate and increasing plant density. Plos One 12 (8) : 1-18. pone.0182310

Yang, J. and J. Zhang. 2010. Crop management techniques to enhance harvest index in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany. 61(12): 3177-3189.

Yuan, S., L. Nie, F. Wang, J. Huang, and S. Peng. 2017. Agronomic performance of inbred and hybrid rice cultivars under simplified and reduced input practices. Field Crops Research. 210: 129-135.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

P-ISSN: 2541-5166
E-ISSN: 2541-5174
Accredited No.148/M/KPT/2020 by Kemenristek/BRIN

Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan has been indexed by:


Editorial Office

Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan
Jln Merdeka no. 147, Bogor 16111, Indonesia
Phone/Fax.: +62-251-8312755 

View My Stats