Indeks Toleran dan Evaluasi Karakter Seleksi Jagung Hibrida terhadap Pemupukan N Rendah

Herawati Herawati, Roy Efendi, M. Azrai


The hybrid maize that  tolerant low N is one of technology to resolve of N limitation for growth and production of maize. Therefore, tolerance index analysis and evaluation of the hybrid maize’s character which tolerant low N need to be done. This study aimed to know the genotype of hybrid maize that are tolerant low N and characters that can be used as selection indicator to low N.  Research conducted at the Experimental Farm of ICERI, Maros from June until November 2014. This research was arranged in split plot design with three replication. The main plot was nitrogen fertilizer which consists three levels ie 0 kg N/ha, 100 kg N/ha (low N fertilization dosage) dan 200 kg N/ha (dosage of normal N fertilization). The subplot were 56 hybrid maize genotypes. There are four check varieties ie P-27, NK-33,  Bisi-2, and Bima-3. The results showed that HLN 32 had the highest grain yield on low N (10,02t/ha). Genotypes of hybrid maize that tolerant low N were HLN03, HLN17, HLN18, HLN24, HLN25,  HLN32, HLN35, HLN39, HLN46, and HLN47. The plant height, ear height position, steam diameter, leaf width, leaf area, age of male flowering, age of female flowering, leaf chlorophyll at age 80 after planting, leaf senescence, percentage of normal cobs, percentage of abnormal cobs, ear height, ear diameter, number of kernels per row, number of kernels per cob, and shelling percentage. Characters that have direct influence to grain yield were shelling percentage, percentage of abnormal cobs, ear height, ear diameter, and leaf area.


hybrid mayze; low nitrogen; selection character

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


Al-Naggar, A.M.M., R.A. Shabana, M.M.M. Atta, and T.H. Al-Khalil. 2015. Maize response to elevated plant density combined with lowered n-fertilizer rate is genotype-dependent. Crop Journal 3(2):96–109.

Banziger, M., G.O. Edmeades, D. Beck, and M. Bellon. 2000. Breeding for drought and nitrogen stress tolerance in maize breeding for drought and nitrogen stress tolerance in maize. Mexico, D.F.:CIMMYT. 68 pp.

Bello, O.B., O.J. Olawuyi, M. Lawal, S.A. Ige, J. Mahamood, M.S. Afolabi, M.A. Azeez, and S.Y. Abdulmaliq. 2014. Genetic gains in three breeding eras of maize hybrids under different n fertilization. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 59(3):227–242.

Dehbalaei, Safoora, E. Farshadfar, and M. Farshadfar. 2013. Assessment of drought tolerance in bread wheat genotypes based on resistance/ tolerance indices. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 5(20):2352–2358.

Efendi, Roy, and M. Azrai. 2010. Tanggap genotipe jagung terhadap cekaman kekeringan: peranan akar. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanin Tanaman Pangan 29(1):1–10.

Efendi, Roy, Y. Musa, M.F. Bdr, M.D. Rahim, M. Azrai, and M. Pabendon. 2014. Seleksi jagung inbrida dengan marka molekuler dan toleransinya terhadap kekeringan dan nitrogen rendah. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 34(1):43–53.

Enujeke. 2013. Effects of variety and spacing on growth characters of hybrid maize asian journal of agriculture and rural development. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development 3(35):296–310.

Fallahi, H. Reza, S.H.R. Ramazani, M. Ghorbany, and M.A. Shajari. 2017. Path and factor analysis of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Performance. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 6:119–25.

Gaudin, A.C.M., K. Janovicek, B. Deen, and D.C. Hooker. 2015. Wheat improves nitrogen use efficiency of maize and soybean-based cropping systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 210:1–10.

Hafes, E.M, and Kh. A.A Abdelaal. 2015. Impact of nitrogen fertilization levels on morphophysiological characters and yield quality of some maize. Egypt. Journal Agronomy 37(1):35–48.

Jin, L., H. Cui, B. Li, J. Zhang, S. Dong, and P. Liu. 2012. Effects of integrated agronomic management practices on yield and nitrogen efficiency of summer maize in north china. Field Crops Research 134:30–35.

Khan, Fahad, S.Khan, S. Fahad, S. Faisal, S. Hussain, S. Ali, and A. Ali. 2014. Effect of different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on the phenology and yield of maize varieties. American Journal of Plant Sciences 5:2582–2590.

Kiriga, W.J., Q. Yu, and R. Bill. 2016. Breeding and genetic engineering of drought- resistant crops. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 9(1):7–12.

Kubešová, Karin, J. Balík, O. Sedlář, and L. Peklová. 2014. The impact of nitrogen fertilizer injection on kernel yield and yield formation of maize. Plant, Soil and Environment 60 (1):1–7.

Libutti, A. and M. Monteleone. 2017. Soil vs. Groundwater: the quality dilemma. Managing nitrogen leaching and salinity control under irrigated agriculture in mediterranean conditions. Agricultural Water Management 186 (3):40–50.

Maheswari, M., V.L. Tekula, V. Yellisetty, B. Sarkar, S.K. Yadav, J. Singh, S. Babu G., A. Kumar, S. Amirineni, J. Narayana, and V. Maddi. 2016. Functional mechanisms of drought tolerance in maize through phenotyping and genotyping under well watered and water stressed conditions. European Journal of Agronomy 79:43–57.

Mhike, X., P. Okori, C. Magorokosho, and T. Ndlela. 2012. Validation of the use of secondary traits and selection indices for drought tolerance in tropical maize (Zea mays L.). African Journal of Plant Science 6 (2):96–102.

Naghavi, M.R., A.P. Aboughadareh, and M. Khalili. 2013. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for screening some of corn (Zea mays L.) cultivars under environmental conditions. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 5 (3): 388–393.

Nemati, A., M. Sedghi, R.S. Sharifi, and M.N. Seiedi. 2009. Investigation of correlation between traits and path analysis of corn (Zea mays L.) grain yield at the climate of ardabil region (northwest Iran). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 37(1):194–198.

Ning, P., F.B. Fritschi, and C. Li. 2017. Temporal dynamics of post-silking nitrogen fluxes and their effects on grain yield in maize under low to high nitrogen inputs. Field Crops Research 204:249–259.

Oyarzun, R., J. Arumí, L. Salgado, and M. Mariño. 2007. Sensitivity analysis and field testing of the risk-n model in the Central Valley of Chile. Agricultural Water Management 87 (3):251–260.

Prado, S.A., B.L. Gambín, A.D. Novoa, D. Foster, M.L. Senior, C. Zinselmeier, M.E. Otegui, and L. Borrás. 2013. Correlations between parental inbred lines and derived hybrid performance for grain filling traits in maize. Crop Science 53:1636–1645.

Qi, X., Z. H. Li, L. L. Jiang, X. M. Yu, F. Ngezahayo, and B. Liu. 2010. Grain yield heterosis in zea mays l. Shows positive correlation with parental difference in chg methylation. Crop Science 50 (6):2338–2346.

Rutkowska, A., D. Pikuła, and W. Stępień. 2014. Nitrogen use efficiency of maize and spring barley under potassium fertilization in long-term field experiment. Plant Soil and Environment 60 (12):550–554.

Saengwilai, P., E. A. Nord, J. G. Chimungu, K. M. Brown, and J. P. Lynch. 2014. Root cortical aerenchyma enhances nitrogen acquisition from low-nitrogen soils in maize. Plant Physiology 166 (2):581–589.

Sebola, R.J. and K. Balkwill. 2013. Calibration , verification and stepwise analysis for numerical phenetics : olinia ( oliniaceae ) as an example. South African Journal of Botany 88:42–55.

Sen, S., M.E. Smith, and T.L. Setter. 2013. Analysis of maize root traits in response to low nitrogen. Asian Journal Plant Science Research 3(3):121–125.

Syafruddin, M. Azrai, and Suwarti. 2013. Seleksi genotipe jagung hibrida toleran N rendah. Buletin Plasma Nutfah 19(274):73–80.

Tiecher, T., M.V. Gomes, V.G. Ambrosini, M.B. Amorim, and C.Bayer. 2018. Assessing linkage between soil phosphorus forms in contrasting tillage systems by path analysis. Soil and Tillage Research 175:276–280.

Weber, V.S., A.E. Melchinger, C.Magorokosho, D. Makumbi, M. Bänziger, and G.N. Atlin. 2012. Efficiency of managed-stress screening of elite maize hybrids under drought and low nitrogen for yield under rainfed conditions in Southern Africa. Crop Science 52(3):1011–1020.

Wegary, D., B.S. Vivek, and M.T. Labuschagne. 2014. Combining ability of certain agronomic traits in quality protein maize under stress and nonstress environments in Eastern and Southern Africa. Crop Science 54(3):1004–1014.

Zarei, B., D. Kahrizi, A.P. Aboughadareh, and F. Sadeghi. 2013. Correlation and path coefficient analysis for determining interrelationships among grain yield and related characters in corn hybrids (Zea mays L .). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 4(20):1519–1522.

Zhang, F.F., S. Gao, Y.Y. Zhao, X.L. Zhao, X.M. Liu, and K. Xiao. 2015. Growth traits and nitrogen assimilation associated physiological parameters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Low and high n conditions. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 14(7):1295–1308.

Zhang, Q., A.J. Pitman, Y.P. Wang, Y.J. Dai, and P.J. Lawrence. 2013. The impact of nitrogen and phosphorous limitation on the estimated geoscientific terrestrial carbon balance and warming of land use change over the model development. Earth System Dynamis 4:333–345.

Zheng, Hai Jin, J. C. Zuo, L. Y. Wang, Y. J. Li, and K. T. Liao. 2016. 15N Isotope Tracing of Nitrogen Runoff Loss on Red Soil Sloping Uplands under Simulated Rainfall Conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment 62(9):416–421.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

P-ISSN: 2541-5166
E-ISSN: 2541-5174
Accredited No.148/M/KPT/2020 by Kemenristek/BRIN

Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan has been indexed by:


Editorial Office

Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan
Jln Merdeka no. 147, Bogor 16111, Indonesia
Phone/Fax.: +62-251-8312755 

View My Stats