Evaluasi Ketahanan Sumber Daya Genetik Kedelai terhadap Cekaman Salinitas

Pratanti Haksiwi Putri, Gatut Wahyu Anggoro Susanto, Abdullah Taufiq

Abstract


Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is sensitive to salinity stress. The availability of soybean cultivar tolerant to salinity stress is the main key of succeeding of soybean cultural practice on saline affected land. Objective of the research was to evaluate the resistance of soybean germplasms to salinity stress. The research was conducted on saline affected soil in Lamongan District during the dry season (May-August) 2016. Nineteen soybean genotypes that were selected from previous salinity test in the green house were reevaluated in the field using a randomized block design with three replications. Wilis cultivar (sensitive to salinity) used as check. Variable observations consisted of soil properties before planting, number of plant grow at 13 and 41 days after sowing (DAS), plant height at 41, 56 and 71 DAS, chlorophyll content index at 27, 41 and 56 DAS, soil EC at 71 DAS, number of harvested plants, yield and yield components. The results showed that among 19 genotypes tested, only five genotypes that survived up to harvest with plant population 30-50% at high salinity level. Salinity reduced plant population more than 50%, and plant height only 50% from its normal height. Based on soil EC, plant population at harvest, and yield, genotype Karat 13, Grayak 3 and Grayak 5 were identified adaptive to high salinity level with soil EC 11,7-14,4 dS/m, while MLGG 0160 were identified adaptive to moderate salinity level with soil EC up to 9,1 dS/m.

Keywords


Glycine max; resistance; salinity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agarwal, N., A. Kumar, S. Agarwal, and A. Singh. 2015. Evaluation of soybean (Glycine max L.) cultivars under salinity stress during early vegetative growth. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 4(2):123-134.

Aini, N., W.S.D. Yamika, Syekhfani, R.D. Purwaningrahayu, dan A. Setiawan. 2014. Kajian pertumbuhan, kandungan klorofil, dan hasil beberapa genotipe tanaman kedelai (Glycine max L.) pada kondisi salinitas. Hlm. 59.1-59.7. Dalam: S. Herlinda et al. (Eds). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2014. Palembang, 26-27 September 2014. PUR-PLSO Universitas Sriwijaya. Palembang.

Amirjani, M.R. 2010. Effect of salinity stress on growth, mineral,composition, proline content, antioxidant enzymes of soybean american. Journal of Plant Physiology 5(6):350-360.

Anitha, T. and R. Usha. 2012. Effect of salinity stress on physiological biochemical and antioxidant defense systems of high yielding cultivars of soyabean. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences 4(8):851-864.

Balitkabi. 2013. Deskripsi Varietas Unggul Kedelai. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Kementerian Pertanian. 80 hlm.

Cokkizgin, A. 2012. Salinity stress in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seed germination. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici 40(1):177-182.

Dhairyasheel, B. and B. Sharad. 2015. Influence of NaCl mediated salinity stress on lipid peroxidation in germinating seeds of soybean. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences 6(1):(B)549-552.

Dianawati, M., D.P. Handayani, Y.R. Matana, dan S.M. Belo. 2013. Pengaruh cekaman salinitas terhadap viabilitas dan vigor benih dua varietas kedelai (Glycine max L.). Agrotop 3(2):35-41.

Dolatabadian, A., S.A.M. Modarressanavy, and F. Ghanati. 2011. Effect of salinity on growth xylem structure and anatomical characteristics of soybean. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 3(1):41-45.

El-Swaify, S.A. 2000. Soil and Water Salinity. Plant nutrient management in Hawaii’s soils, Approaches for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture. Pp. 151-158. In: J.A. Silva and R. Uchida (Eds.). College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. University of Hawaii. Manoa.

FAO. 2007. Extent and Causes of Salt Affected Soils in Participating Countries. Global network on integrated soil management for sustainable use of salt-sffected soils. www.fao.org.

Farhoudi, R. and M.M. Tafti. 2011. Effect of salt stress on seedlings growth & ions homeostasis of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars. Advanced Environmental Biology 5:2522 – 2526.

Farid, M. 2006. Seleksi kedelai tahan kekeringan dan salinitas secara in vitro dengan NaCl. Jurnal Agrivigor 6(1):65-74.

Gama, P.B.S., S. Inagana, K. Tanaka, and R. Nakazawa. 2007. Physiological response of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seedlings to salinity stress. African Journal of Biotechnology (2):79-88.

Guan, R., Y. Qu, Y. Guo, L. Yu, Y. Liu, J. Jiang, J. Chen, Y. Ren, G. Liu, L. Tian, L. Jin, Z. Liu, H. Hong, R. Chang, M. Gilliham, and L. Qiu. 2014. Salinity tolerance in soybean is modulated by natural variation in GmSALT3. The Plant Journal (2014)80:937-950.

Gu-wen, Z., X. Sheng-chun, H. Qi-zan, M. Wei-hua, and G. Ya-ming. 2014. Putrescine plays a positive role in salt-tolerance mechanism by reducing oxidative damage in roots of vegetable soybean. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 2014 13(2):349-357.

Hakim, L. 2012. Komponen hasil dan karakter morfologi penentu hasil kedelai. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 31(3):173-179.

Hamayun, M., S.A. Khan, A.L. Khan, Z.K. Shinwari, J. Hussain, E. Sohn, S.M. Kang, Y.H. Kim, M. A. Khan, and I.J. Lee. 2010. Effect of salt stress on growth attributes and endogenous growth hormones of soybean cultivar Hwangkeumkong. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42(5):3103-3112.

Hapsari, R.T. dan M.M. Adie. 2010. Pendugaan parameter genetik dan hubungan antar komponen hasil kedelai. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 29(1):18-23.

ILETRI. 2007. Germplasm Catalogue of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) December 2006. Germplasm Unit Indonesian Legume and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI). Malang. 131 pp.

Jones, J.B. 2002. Agronomic Handbook Management of Crops, Soil, and Their Fertility. CRC Press. New York. 450 pp.

Kandil, A.A., A.E. Sharief, and Kh.R. Ahmed. 2015. Performance of some soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) cultivars under salinity stress to germination characters. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultiral Research (IJAAR) 6(3):48-56.

Kondetti, P., N. Jawali, S.K.Apte, and M. G. Shitole. 2012. Salt tolerance in Indian soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merill) varieties at germination and early seedling growth. Annals of Biological Research 3(3):1489-1498.

Krisnawati, A. dan M.M. Adie. 2009. Kendali genetik dan karakter penentu toleransi kedelai terhadap salinitas. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 4(2):222 – 235.

Lee, J., J.G. Shannon, T.D. Vuong, and H.T. Nguyen. 2009. Inheritance of salt tolerance in wild soybean (Glycine soja Sieb. & Zucc.) accession PI483468. Journal of Heredity 100(6):798-801.

Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Second Edition. Academic Press. United Kingdom. 680 pp.

Purwaningrahayu, R.D., H.T. Sebayang, Syekhfani and N. Aini. 2015. Resistance level of some soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) genotypes toward salinity stress. Journal of Biological Researches 20:7-14.

Sen, D.N., P.K. Kasera and S. Mohammed. 2002. Biology and physiology of saline plants. In: Handbook of Plant & Crop Physiology 2nd ed. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. p:563–581.

Sposito, G. 2008. The Chemistry of Soil. Oxford University Press. New York. 321 pp.

Subramanyam, K., M. Arun, T. Mariashibu, J. Theboral, M. Rajesh, N.K. Singh, M. Manickavasagam, and A. Ganapathi. 2012. Overexpression of tobacco osmotin (Tbosm) in soybean conferred resistance to salinity stress and fungal infections. Planta (2012) 236: 1909-1925.

Sumarno dan Zuraida. 2006. Hubungan korelatif dan kausatif antara komponen hasil dengan hasil biji kedelai. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 25 (1):38-43.

Sunarto. 2001. Toleransi kedelai terhadap tanah salin. Buletin Agronomi 29(1):27-30.

Tan, K.H. 2000. Environmental Soil Science. Marcel Dekker. New York. 478 pp.

Taufiq, A. dan R.D. Purwaningrahayu. 2014. Pengaruh cekaman salin terhadap keragaan varietas kacang hijau pada fase perkecambahan. Hlm. 465–477. Dalam: N. Saleh et al. (Eds). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi Tahun 2013. Malang, 22 Mei 2013. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan. Bogor.

Taufiq, A., A. Kristiono, dan D. Harnowo. 2015. Respon varietas unggul kacang tanah terhadap cekaman salinitas. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 34(2):153-164.

Tunçturk, M., R. Tunçturk, and F. Yasar. 2008. Changes in micronutrients, dry weight, and plant growth of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) cultivars under salt stress. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(11):1650-1654.

USDA-ARS. 2008. Research Databases. (http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=8908).

Wang, Y., H. Suo, Y. Zheng, K. Liu, C. Zhuang, K.T. Kahle, H. Ma, X. Yan. 2010. The soybean root-spesific protein kinase GmWNK1 regulates stress responsive ABA signaling on the root system architecture. The Plant Journal (2010)64: 230-242.

Wu, G., Z. Zhou, P. Chen, X. Tang, H. Shao, and H. Wang. 2014. Comparative ecophysiological study of salt stress for wild and cultivated soybean species from the Yellow River Delta, China. The Scientific World Journal:1-13.

Xu, X., R. Fan, R. Zheng, C. Li, and D. Yu. 2011. Proteomic analysis of seed germination under salt stress in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). Journal Zhejiang University Science B(12):507-517.

Yuniati, R. 2004. Penapisan galur kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) toleran terhadap NaCl untuk penanaman di lahan salin. Makara Sains 8(1):21-24.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jpptp.v1n3.2017.p233-242

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


P-ISSN: 2541-5166
E-ISSN: 2541-5174
Accredited No.148/M/KPT/2020 by Kemenristek/BRIN


Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan has been indexed by:

       


Editorial Office

Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan
Jln Merdeka no. 147, Bogor 16111, Indonesia
Phone/Fax.: +62-251-8312755 
E-mail: publikasi_puslitbangtan@litbang.pertanian.go.id
Website: http://pangan.litbang.pertanian.go.id

View My Stats