Pengaruh Transportasi, Kultivar Anggrek Pot terhadap Kesegaran Bunga Selama Peragaan pada Berbagai Kondisi Ruangan

Dwi Amiarsi, - Yulianingsih, S D Sabari

Abstract


Penelitian bertujuan mendapatkan ketahanan segar tanaman anggrek pot berbunga pada beberapa kondisi ruangan dengan atau tanpa pengangkutan. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Hias dari bulan Juli 1998 sampai bulan April 1999. Tiga jenis tanaman pot anggrek Dendrobium berbunga (Candy Strip, Bunjet Pink dan Kyomeisabin) diperoleh dari petani bunga di daerah Cibubur, Bogor, Jawa Barat. Tanaman pot anggrek Dendrobium berbunga yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan tanaman yang berbunga pertama atau kedua. Pada sebagian tanaman pot dilakukan pengangkutan Jakarta–Bandung pulang pergi selama 10 jam (±308,3 Km). Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap, pola faktorial dengan 3 ulangan. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa anggrek Dendrobium Candy Strip pot berbunga yang ditempatkan di rumah sere penyinaran 55% tanpa dan dengan transportasi, mempunyai masa peragaan masing-masing 48,3 hari dan 43,9 hari, dengan bunga pertama layu mencapai 28,0 hari dan 24,2 hari, dan bunga mekar mencapai 100% setelah peragaan selama 24,7 hari dan 17,9 hari. Hasil penelitian ini dapat digunakan untuk mempertahankan mutu dan masa peragaan anggrek pot Dendrobium sp. berbunga selama pengangkutan, sehingga distribusi pemasarannya dapat lebih luas

Experiment was conducted to find out the self-life of flowered potted Dendrobium at several rooms conditions with or without transportation treatment. The experiment was done at Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute from Juli 1998 to April 1999. Three Dendrobium cultivars (Candy Strip, Bunjet Pink and Kyomeisabin) as potted plant were bought from farmers orchid at Cibubur, Bogor, West Jawa. Flowering  Dendrobium with potted plant used in this experiment was at first or second flowering. Potted plant was transported from Jakarta–Bandung vice versa for about 10 hours (±308.3 km). A completely randomized design with 3 replications was used. The results showed that without and with transportation potted plant Dendrobium Candy Strip placed in a screenhouse of 55% lighting, indicated shelf life of 48.3 and 43.9 days, with first flowers wilting and 100% flower opening at 28.0 and 24.2 days and 24.7 and 17.9 days, respectively. This research results were useful to maintain the quality and shelf-life during transportation so that their marketing distribution can be extended.



Keywords


Dendrobium sp.; Potted plant flowers; Transportation; Shelf-life; Room conditions

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v16n1.2006.p%25p

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ISSN: 0853-7097
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