Sifat Inovasi dan Aplikasi Teknologi Pengelolaan Terpadu Kebun Jeruk Sehat dalam Pengembangan Agribisnis Jeruk di Kabupaten Sambas, Kalimantan Barat

Hilmi Ridwan Kahmir, Agus ruswandi, - Winarno, Agus Muharam, - Hardiyanto

Abstract


Untuk meningkatkan produksi dan mutu buah jeruk di Indonesia, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hortikultura telah melaksanakan program penelitian dan pengkajian penerapan pengelolaan terpadu kebun jeruk sehat (PTKJS) di beberapa provinsi sentra produksi jeruk. Pengelolaan terpadu kebun jeruk sehat meliputi (a) penggunaan bibit jeruk berlabel bebas penyakit, (b) pengendalian OPT terutama vektor penyakit CVPD, (c) sanitasi kebun yang baik, (d) pemeliharaan tanaman secara optimal, dan (e) konsolidasi pengelolaan kebun. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui sifat inovasi teknologi PTKJS yang berpengaruh terhadap adopsi inovasi oleh petani. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Sambas, Kalimantan Barat, dari bulan April sampai Desember 2006, menggunakan metode survei. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak semua inovasi teknologi PTKJS diadopsi oleh petani jeruk di Kabupaten Sambas. Inovasi teknologi yang tidak diadopsi oleh petani memiliki sifat inovasi yang berkategori nilai rendah. Inovasi teknologi tersebut adalah penggunaan perangkap kuning, penyiraman tanah dengan insektisida, penggunaan sex feromon, pemberongsongan, penyulaman dengan bibit berlabel, pemangkasan arsitektur, penyiraman tanaman dan pemanenan secara benar, serta konsolidasi pengelolaan kebun. Inovasi teknologi PTKJS yang sangat cepat diadopsi oleh petani adalah penyaputan batang menggunakan bubur (belerang) Kalifornia. Faktor nonteknis yang mempengaruhi adopsi teknologi PTKJS adalah kurang dukungan benih bermutu dari instansi berwenang, kurang dukungan penyediaan input produksi, khususnya belerang, rendahnya harga jual, dan kurangnya modal finansial petani.

ABSTRACT. Ridwan, H.K., A. Ruswandi, Winarno, A. Muharam, and Hardiyanto. 2008. I���v�����Innovation Characteristics and Technologies Application of Integrated Crop Management for Healthy Citrus Orchid (ICMHCO) on the Development of Citrus Agribusiness in Sambas District, West Kalimantan. To increase production and quality of citrus in Indonesia, the Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development has conducted research and assessment program of ICMHCO in several provinces. Integrated Crop Management for Healthy Citrus Orchid consists of (a) labelled and free diseases planting materials use, (b) pests and diseases control especially for the CVPD vector, (c) good field sanitation, (d) optimum cultural practices, and (e) field management consolidation. The objectives of this research was to evaluate characteristics of ICMHCO innovatory technologies that affect the adoption of the innovations by the farmers. The research was conducted in Sambas District, West Kalimantan, from April to December 2006, using survey method. The results showed that only a part of the innovatory technologies of ICMHCO were adopted by the citrus farmers in Sambas District. The non-adopted technologies generally have low value of technology characteristics. The technologies were labelled free diseases planting materials, yellow trap application, drenching with insecticide solutions, sex pheromon application, pruning, fruit wraping, irrigation and good harvesting practices. The innovatory technologies promptly adopted by the citrus farmers was California (sulphur) paste application. Non-technical factors that affect the adoption of the innovatory technologies of ICMHCO were less quality seed support institutionally, less support of production input from the proper institution especially for sulphur, low selling price and less financial capital of the farmers.


Keywords


Citrus sp.; Innovation characteristics; Technology application; ICMHCO; Agribusiness

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v18n4.2008.p%25p

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