Preferensi Petani Brebes terhadap Klon Unggulan Bawang Merah Hasil Penelitian

rofik Sinung Basuki

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui preferensi petani Brebes terhadap klon unggulan bawang
merah hasil penelitian Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran (Balitsa) Lembang. Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Slatri,
Brebes, pada bulan Juni sampai Agustus 2003. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kombinasi antara percobaan
lapangan dan penelitian partisipatif petani. Percobaan lapangan dimanfaatkan sebagai petak observasi bagi 20 petani
partisipan. Percobaan lapangan menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok. Perlakuan terdiri dari 9 klon unggulan
bawang merah dan kontrol varietas lokal Bima Brebes dengan 3 ulangan. Data penelitian partisipatif dikumpulkan
dari jawaban tertulis petani partisipan pada kuesioner yang dibagikan peneliti pada saat petani melakukan observasi
lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara agronomis, daya hasil dan ukuran umbi klon unggulan Balitsa
tidak lebih unggul dibanding varietas lokal Bima Brebes kecuali klon No. 9. Di antara klon unggulan yang diuji,
klon No. 8 merupakan klon yang paling potensial diadopsi petani karena pertumbuhan tanaman dan hasil panennya
disukai petani. Klon No. 9 kurang disukai petani karena warnanya pucat, sehingga perlu perbaikan warna umbi
untuk meningkatkan peluang adopsi oleh petani. Preferensi petani dan pemulia terhadap klon unggulan berbeda
sangat nyata. Klon No. 9 yang paling disukai pemulia namun kurang disukai petani. Penelitian preferensi petani
perlu diintegrasikan dalam penelitian perakitan varietas unggul untuk meningkatkan peluang adopsi varietas unggul
tersebut setelah dilepas.

ABSTRACT. Basuki, R.S. 2009. Farmers’ Preferences in Brebes to Shallots Promising Clones Generated
from IVEGRI. The objective of the research was to understand farmer’s preferences to promising shallots clones
created by the Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute (IVEGRI). Research was conducted in Slatri, Brebes, from
June to August 2003. A combination of field experiment and farmer’s participatory was used in the research. The
field experiment was used as an observation plot for 20 farmer participants. The field experiment was arranged in a
randomized complete block design with 3 replications. The treatments consisted of 9 promising shallots clones and a
local variety of Bima Brebes as control. Data from farmer participatory research were collected from farmer’s written
answers on the questionnaire distributed by researchers. Results showed that agronomically the yield and tuber size
of the promising clones, except clone No.9, were not significantly higher or bigger than that of local variety of Bima
Brebes. Among the promising clones, only clone No.8 has the potential to be adopted by farmers because farmers
was in favor with the growth and tuber quality of the clone. In order to increase the potential adoption of clone No.9
improvement of the tuber color from pale red to red is needed. Farmers and breeder preferences to the promising
clones were significant difference, due to the different criteria used in evaluating the clones. Research on farmers
preference should be integrated into the research on creating a new variety to increase the potential adoption of the
new variety after released.


Keywords


Allium ascalonicum; Promising clones; Preference; Participatory research

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v19n3.2009.p%25p

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