Analisis Kelayakan Teknis dan Ekonomis Teknologi Budidaya Bawang Merah dengan Benih Biji Botani dan Benih Umbi Tradisional

Rofik Sinung Basuki

Abstract


ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kelayakan teknis dan ekonomis teknologi budidaya bawang
merah menggunakan benih biji botani dibandingkan dengan benih umbi tradisional. Percobaan dilakukan di lahan petani
di Brebes, ketinggian + 8 m dpl, dengan jenis tanah Aluvial, pH = 6,7, pada musim kemarau dari bulan April sampai
dengan Agustus 2008. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah acak kelompok dengan 3 ulangan. Perlakuan
yang dicoba adalah 13 macam perlakuan, terdiri dari 10 perlakuan pengaturan kerapatan tanaman dari benih biji
botani (TSS) varietas Tuk Tuk dan Hibrida dengan mengkombinasikan faktor jarak tanam, jumlah bibit ditanam per
lubang, serta asal persemaian bibit, dan 3 perlakuan benih umbi menggunakan varietas lokal Bima Curut yang dibeli
dari toko dan asal petani serta varietas impor Tanduyung yang dibeli dari toko sebagai pembanding. Analisis budget
partial digunakan untuk menilai kelayakan ekonomi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan TSS layak
secara teknis karena dapat meningkatkan hasil sampai 2 kali lipat dibanding penggunaan benih umbi tradisional dan
layak secara ekonomis karena dapat meningkatkan pendapatan bersih antara 22-70 juta rupiah per ha dibanding benih
umbi tradisional. Penggunaan TSS varietas Tuk Tuk yang memberikan tingkat has

ABSTRACT. Basuki, R.S. 2009. Analysis of Technical and Economical Feasibility of Shallots Cultivation from
True Shallot Seed and Traditional Bulb Seed. Experiment was conducted in farmer’s field in Brebes (altitude + 8 m
asl, Aluvial soil type and pH = 6.7), from April to August 2008. The experiment was arranged in a randomized block
design with 3 replications. The total of 13 treatments was applied, consisted of 10 treatments of plant population of
TSS of Tuk Tuk and Hibrida varieties by combining plant spacing, number of seedling per hole, and source of seedling,
and 3 control treatments of traditional bulb seed, i.e. local variety of Bima Curut bought from store and from farmer,
and imported variety of Tanduyung. Budget partial analysis was used to measure the economical feasibility. Results of
the research showed that the use of TSS was technically feasible because it increased the yield of shallots 2 times as
compared to bulb seed, and economically feasible because it increased the net income from 22 to 70 million IDR/ha
as compared to bulb seed. The highest yield and net income from TSS as compared to bulb seed was obtained by
planting single seedling of TSS with population of 150 plants per m2.


Keywords


Allium ascalonicum; True shallot seed; Technical feasibility; Economical feasibility

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v19n2.2009.p%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2013 Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 


Jurnal Hortikultura (J.Hort) has been indexed :

         

===================================================================================================================

 Creative Commons License
Junal Hortikultura is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at www.litbang.pertanian.go.id.

Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3C Kampus Penelitian Pertanian Cimanggu Bogor 16124, Indonesia
Telp.  +62 251-8372096, 7565366, (Ext. 324) (Hunting System)
Faks.  +62 251-8387651, 8575664, 8372096
E-mail: redaksi.jhorti@gmail.com

ISSN: 0853-7097
E-ISSN: 2502-5120

 

free web stats

View My Stats