Kajian Teknis dan Ekonomis Sistem Tanam Dua Varietas Cabai Merah di Dataran Tinggi

Thomas Agus Soetiarsi, Wiwin Setiawati

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan mengkaji kelayakan teknis dan ekonomis sistem tanam monokultur dan tumpangsari
dua varietas cabai merah di dataran tinggi. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kebun Percobaan Balai Penelitian Tanaman
Sayuran Lembang, dari bulan September 2006 sampai dengan Februari 2007. Penelitian menggunakan perlakuan
yang terdiri atas dua faktor, yaitu varietas cabai merah (Hot Chili dan Tanjung-2) dan sistem tanam (monokultur
cabai merah dan tumpangsari cabai merah + kubis), seluas 2.500 m2/perlakuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa
sistem tanam tumpangsari antara cabai merah dengan kubis tidak memengaruhi pertumbuhan tanaman cabai merah.
Organisme pengganggu tumbuhan (OPT) yang menyerang pertanaman cabai merah selama percobaan berlangsung
adalah gangsir, trips, kutukebul, kutudaun, layu bakteri, dan antraknos. Varietas Tanjung-2 terbukti relatif lebih tahan
terhadap serangan OPT dibandingkan dengan varietas Hot Chili, serta mampu menekan kerusakan tanaman hingga
50%. Secara teknis, hasil produksi varietas Tanjung-2 (monokultur dan tumpangari) lebih rendah dibanding Hot
Chili. Secara ekonomis, penggunaan varietas Hot Chili yang ditumpangsarikan dengan kubis adalah yang paling
menguntungkan, dengan tingkat pengembalian marjinal yang lebih besar dari satu (>1) dan paling tinggi (458,95%)
di antara perlakuan yang lain. Dengan diperolehnya teknologi sistem tanam cabai merah spesifik lokasi dataran tinggi
yang secara teknis dapat diterapkan dan secara ekonomis menguntungkan, maka secara sosial akan mempunyai
peluang tinggi untuk diadopsi oleh petani.

ABSTRACT. Soetiarso, T. A. and W. Setiawati. 2010. Technical and Economical Studies on Two Hot Pepper
Varieties Planting Systems in Highland Areas. The research was conducted to assess the technical and economical
feasibility of two hot pepper varieties planting systems i.e. monoculture and intercropping in highland areas. It was
carried out in IVEGRI’s experimental garden from September 2006 to February 2007. The treatments used in the
research consisted of two factors. The first factor was hot pepper varieties (Hot Chili and Tanjung-2) and the second
one was planting systems (monoculture of hot pepper and intercropping of hot pepper + cabbage). The results showed
that hot pepper intercropped with cabbage did not affect the growth of hot pepper. Some important pests and diseases
attacking hot pepper were crickets, thrips, bemisia, myzus, bacterial wilt, and anthracnose. Tanjung-2 was relatively
more resistant to pests and diseases than Hot Chili, and reduces of plant damage up to 50%. Agronomically, the yield
of Tanjung-2 as monocropped or intercropped was lower than Hot Chili. Compared to the other treatments, the use of
Hot Chili variety intercropped with cabbage was the most profitable option economically. The marginal returns for
this option was greater than one (>1) and the highest (458.95%). The results suggest that the specifically-designed
highland hot pepper planting systems was not only technically feasible, but also economically viable. Hence, it has
great potential to be socially accepted and adopted by farmers as the end-users.


Keywords


Hot pepper; Capsicum annuum; Variety; Planting system; Technical feasibility; Economical feasibility; Highland.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v20n3.2010.p%25p

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