Beberapa Aspek Bioekologi Hama Penggerek Batang Mangga

Muryati Muryati, M Istianto, Affandi Affandi

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Penggerek batang merupakan masalah utama pada budidaya mangga di wilayah rendah basah. Informasi
mengenai hama ini masih sangat sedikit, sehingga upaya untuk mendapatkan teknologi pengendalian agak sulit
dilakukan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengumpulkan data mengenai jenis penggerek, tingkat serangan OPT pada
beberapa lokasi dan varietas mangga, serta eksplorasi untuk mendapatkan musuh alaminya. Penelitian dilakukan
dengan metode survai mulai Januari 2005 sampai dengan Desember 2006. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa
hama penggerek yang menyerang tanaman mangga di Sumatera Barat dan Sumatera Utara adalah Rhytidodera integra
(Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) (Kolbe 1886). Selain didominasi jenis hama tersebut, di Kebun Percobaan Balai Penelitian
Tanaman Buah Tropika juga ditemukan jenis lain, yaitu spesies Palimna annulata Oliver (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).
Perilaku kedua jenis hama tersebut sama, yaitu menyerang mangga mulai dari pucuk kemudian menuju ke bagian
batang utama. Hama penggerek batang menyerang hampir semua varietas yang ditemui dan ditemukan di semua
daerah yang disurvai. Tingkat serangan rerata hama penggerek batang di Sumatera Barat 8,83% dan di Sumatera Utara
10,36%. Varietas mangga yang terserang paling parah di Sumatera Barat adalah Cengkir (23,26%) dan di Sumatera
Utara adalah Podang (19,01%). Lima jenis agens pengendali biologi hama penggerek batang mangga ditemukan
selama pelaksanaan survai. Hasil penelitian ini dapat digunakan sebagai informasi awal untuk menyusun teknologi
pengendalian hama penggerek batang mangga.

ABSTRACT. Muryati, M. Istianto, and Affandi. 2010. Some Bioecological Aspects of Mango Stem Borer.
Stem borer is the most important pest on mango in the wet lowland area. The information about this pest was still
very limited, therefore, it is difficult to arrange its control strategy. The research were intended to collect data on the
species of stem borer from some locations, its damage severity on some mango varieties as well as its natural enemies.
The study was conducted by survey method from January 2005 to December 2006. The research revealed that the
stem borer found in some locations was dominated by Rhytidodera integra (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) (Kolbe 1886).
Besides this species, another Cerambycidae, i.e. Palimna annulata Oliver was also found at Aripan Research Station
of Indonesian Tropical Fruit Research Institute. Both species have a similar behavior. The stem borer attacked almost
all varieties that were found in research locations. The damage severity of mango by stem borer was 8.83 and 10.36%
in West Sumatera and in North Sumatera, respectively. The most severe damage of mango variety in West Sumatera
was Cengkir (23.26%), while in North Sumatera was Podang (19.01%). Five species of natural enemies were found
during the study. The results of this experiment can be used as initial information to control mango stem borer


Keywords


Mangifera indica; Mango stem borer; Behavior; Natural enemies

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v20n2.2010.p%25p

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