Persilangan dan Seleksi untuk Mendapatkan Varietas Unggul Baru Mawar Potong Berwarna Merah

Darliah Darliah, D Kuriasih, W Handayati

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Persilangan mawar dan selekasi tanaman F1 dilaksanakan di KP Cipanas, Balai Penelitian Tanaman
Hias, dengan ketinggian tempat 1.100 m dpl. pada tahun 2000. Selanjutnya klon-klon terpilih diuji melalui penelitian
pemuliaan partisipatif di Kebun PT Inggu Laut (Malang, Jawa Timur) dan Kebun PT Sekar Asri (Lembang, Jawa
Barat). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa klon No. 41 (C.00.421-01) mempunyai keunikan dalam warna bunga,
yaitu merah cerah (red purple group 57A). Selain itu, klon No. 41 memiliki tangkai yang panjang yang termasuk
kelas super, batang atau tangkai yang tegak dengan diameter kuncup dan diameter bunga mekar besar, serta jumlah
petal yang lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan varietas Putri sebagai varietas pembanding.

ABSTRACT. Darliah, D. Kurniasih, and W. Handayati. 2010. Crossing and Selection Obtain A Superior
Varieties of Red Cut Rose. Crossing of rose and F1 plants selection were carried out at Cipanas Research Station,
Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute, at 1,100 m asl. on year 2000. Clones selected was observed through
participatory breeding with PT Inggu Laut (Batu, East Java) and PT Sekar Asri (Lembang, West Java). The results
showed that clone No. 41 has unique bright red color (red purple group 57 A),with long and straight stem (fulfilled
the requirement for premium class), big flower bud and flower diameter, with petal number more than Putri as the
control variety.


Keywords


Rosa hybrida; Hybridization; Superior variety; Cut rose

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v20n2.2010.p%25p

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