Interaksi Tanaman pada Sistem Tumpangsari Tomat dan Cabai di Dataran Tinggi

R Suwandi, N Rosliani, W Setiawati

Abstract


Penelitian bertujuan mempelajari interaksi sinergis tanaman tomat dan cabai dalam sistem pertanaman tumpangsari di dataran tinggi. Kegiatan penelitian dilaksanakan di rumah kaca dan lapangan, di Kebun Percobaan Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran, mulai bulai Mei sampai dengan Desember 2000. Perlakuan percobaan terdiri atas delapan macam perlakuan tanam tumpangsari, termasuk pertanaman monokrop sebagai pembandingnya. Percobaan rumah kaca menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua ulangan, sedangkan di lapangan menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok dengan tiga ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (a) interaksi sinergis tanaman terjadi pada tumpangsari tanaman tomat dan cabai terhadap komponen pertumbuhan tinggi (7 minggu), perkembangan luas daun, bobot kering tanaman pada fase pertumbuhan maksimum, serapan total NPK, dan komponen hasil buah tomat dan cabai (buah sehat dan rusak), (b) efek sinergis tanaman nyata terjadi searah dari tanaman cabai terhadap setiap parameter tanaman tomat, dan (c) sistem interaksi sinergis tanaman tumpangsari di dataran tinggi dipengaruhi cara pengelolaan tanaman  di lapangan. Selanjutnya pengaruh interaksi dua arah dari tanaman tumpangsari sayuran di dataran tinggi perlu diteliti lebih lanjut.

Kata kunci: Lycopersicum esculentum;Capsicum annuum; Tumpangsari; Sinergisme; Interaksi; Tanaman sayuran.

ABSTRACT. This research aimed to study the plants interaction of tomato and hot pepper intercropping system in highland. A series of experiment were conducted at screen house and experimental garden of Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute, starting from May to December 2000. Treatments consisted of eight kinds of intercropping systems including monocrop as control. A screen house experiment used a randomized complete design with two replications, while the randomized block design with three replications was applied in the field experiment.  The results showed that (a) the positive plant interaction occurred on tomato and hot pepper intercropping as shown at growth component of plant height (7 weeks),  leaf area, dry weight of crop at maximum growth stage, total uptake of NPK, and the yield components of tomato and hot pepper fruits (healthy fruit and damage fruit), (b) synergism affect of plants significantly occurred directly from hot pepper plant on tomato crop, and (c) the plant  interaction  system of  tomato and hot pepper intercropping in the highland were closely related to cropping management in field. Further study are needed to explore more information deeply in two ways interaction affects of cropping sytem on vegetables farming in the highland.


Keywords


Lycopersicum esculentum; Capsicum annuum; Intercropping; Synergism; Interaction; Vegetable crops.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v13n4.2003.p244-250

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2003 Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 


Jurnal Hortikultura (J.Hort) has been indexed :

         

===================================================================================================================

 Creative Commons License
Junal Hortikultura is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at www.litbang.pertanian.go.id.

Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3C Kampus Penelitian Pertanian Cimanggu Bogor 16124, Indonesia
Telp.  +62 251-8372096, 7565366, (Ext. 324) (Hunting System)
Faks.  +62 251-8387651, 8575664, 8372096
E-mail: redaksi.jhorti@gmail.com

ISSN: 0853-7097
E-ISSN: 2502-5120

 

free web stats

View My Stats