Genomic DNA Extraction: The Critical Stage in Plant Molecular Analysis Activities

Kristianto Nugroho, Dani Satyawan, I Made Tasma, Puji Lestari

Abstract


DNA extraction is a crucial stage in plant molecular analysis activities that determine the success of further downstream analysis stages. Molecular analysis activities, including Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), restriction digestion, DNA hybridisation, genomic library construction, and DNA sequencing, mostly require DNA with high quality and enough quantity. Some plants contain high levels of polysaccharides, proteins, and secondary metabolites, such as polyphenols, tannins, and alkaloids, which can affect the purity of the isolated DNA. The presence of these contaminants can inhibit the activity of several enzymes, such as DNA polymerase and restriction enzymes, so that DNA could not be amplified or digested. Various DNA extraction methods have been developed, ranging from manual method, manual commercial kits, and robotic techniques. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages since the selection of the right method needs to be determined carefully in order to obtain the best results. Some modifications at certain stages in DNA extraction process need to be conducted to minimize the number of DNA contaminants. Several rapid DNA extraction methods nowadays have also been developed to save times, labors, and costs. In addition, the rapid DNA extraction method could also reduce the use of some hazardous chemical compounds, so that the method is not only giving economic benefits, but also good for human health.


Keywords


DNA; extraction; plant molecular analysis; genomic

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jbio.v18n1.2022.p33-44

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