THE PERFORMANCE OF THE UPSUS PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION ON RICE PRODUCTION AND FARMERS’ INCOME

Adi Setiyanto

Abstract


Padi merupakan komoditas pangan utama penduduk dan memiliki peran penting dalam perekonomian Indonesia. Pada tahun 2015 dilaksanakan program Upsus oleh Kementerian Pertanian di 16 provinsi dan diperluas di 33 dari 34 provinsi di Indonesia pada 2016. Program UPSUS telah dilaksanakan selama 5 tahun, namun demikian penelitian-penelitian mengenai kinerja pelaksanaan program UPSUS dari aspek peningkatan produksi dan pendapatan petani padi penerima program tidak banyak dilakukan.  Jurnal ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kinerja program UPSUS terhadap pencapaian target peningkatan produksi dan pendapatan usaha tani. Program UPSUS telah berhasil mempertahankan luas tanam padi dan mendorong peningkatan luas areal panen padi, tetapi tidak berhasil dalam mendorong pertumbuhan produktivitas dan peningkatan pendapatan petani padi. Dalam implementasi program UPSUS yang akan datang perlu diupayakan: (1) Mengembangkan perencanaan yang sistematis dan rinci berdasarkan evaluasi yang spesifik, komprehensif, dan terinci guna meningkatkan efektivitas pelaksanaan program UPSUS; (2) Penguatan sistem penyuluhan pertanian dan peningkatan bantuan teknis untuk meningkatkan produktivitas dan kualitas padi dan beras yang dihasilkan; (3) Melakukan perbaikan dan penguatan penyelenggaraan organisasi pelaksanaan Program UPSUS mulai dari pusat hingga lokasi kegiatan; (4) Menempatkan implementasi strategi pada fokus yang lebih besar untuk peningkatan produktivitas, baik melalui peningkatan penerapan paket teknologi budidaya pada usaha tani padi, maupun penurunan tingkat kehilangan hasil pada saat panen dan penanganan pasca panen, serta saat distribusi dan pemasaran; dan (5) Mendorong peningkatan pendapatan petani dari usaha tani padi dan aktivitas penanganan panen dan pasca panen mereka mereka.


Keywords


pendapatan petani; program UPSUS; produktivitas dan produksi; usaha tani padi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadi, Rusmawan. 2017. The Impact of the Special Effort Program (UPSUS) on the Area of Rice Planted and Production in Bangka Belitung Province. Proceedings of the National Seminar on "Site-Specific Agroinovations to Strengthen Food Security in the Era of the ASEAN Economic Community" Bandar Lampung, 19–20 October 2016. Center for Agricultural Technology Assessment and Development, Agricultural Research and Development Agency of the Ministry of Agriculture 2017: 305–312

Aprilia Triasni. AR. 2019. Analysis of the Impact of Tertiary Irrigation Network Development at Farming Level (JITUT) on Increased Production and Productivity of Paddy Rice in Lapajung Village, Lalabata District, Soppeng Regency. J. Ilm. Agro tani. 1(1) 16–22

A Kinanthi, Andriyono KA, D Rachmina. 2014. Implementation of Integrated Crop Management (ICM) Technology on Rice Farming in Cianjur Regency. Forum Agribisnis 4(1): 85–100. DOI: 10.29244/Fagb.4.1.85–100.

A Ramadhani, Riniati, S Wibisono. 2019. The Effect of Seed Subsidies on Rice Production and Farmers' Income in Pancakarya Village, Ajung Subdistrict, Jember Regency. J. Ekon. Ekuilibrium 3 (2): 23–36

Arya NN, IK Mahaputra. 2020. Analysis of Determining Factor for Adoption of Integrated Crop Management of Lowland Paddy Using Partial Least Square. J. J. Inform. Pertan 29 (1): 1–12

[CADIS] Center for Agriculture Data and Information System. 2016. Agricultural Statistics 2015. Jakarta (ID): Center for Agriculture Data and Information System.

[CADIS] Center for Agriculture Data and Information System. 2017. Agricultural Statistics 2016. Jakarta (ID): Center for Agriculture Data and Information System.

[CADIS] Center for Agriculture Data and Information System. 2018. Agricultural Statistics 2017. Jakarta (ID): Center for Agriculture Data and Information System.

[CADIS] Center for Agriculture Data and Information System. 2019. Agricultural Statistics 2018. Jakarta (ID): Center for Agriculture Data and Information System.

[CADIS] Center for Agriculture Data and Information System. 2020. Agricultural Statistics 2019. Jakarta (ID): Center for Agriculture Data and Information System.

[CBS] Central Bureau of Statistics. 2021. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2021. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics

[CBS] Central Bureau of Statistics. 2020. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2021. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics.

[CBS] Central Bureau of Statistics. 2019. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2021. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics.

[CBS] Central Bureau of Statistics. 2018. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2021. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics.

[CBS] Central Bureau of Statistics. 2018a. Executive Summary 2018 Harvested Area and Rice Production in Indonesia. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics

[CBS] Central Bureau of Statistics. 2016. Production of Food Crops 2015. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics

[CBS] Central Bureau of Statistics. 2015. Production of Food Crops 2014. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics.

[CEC] Corruption Eradication Committee. 2017. Results on the Results of Subsidy Policy Study in Agriculture. Directorate of Research and Development. Deputy for Corruption Prevention, Jakarta (ID): Corruption Eradication Committee

[DGAIF] Directorate General of Agriculture Infrastructure and Facilities. 2019. Agricultural infrastructure and facilities statistics 2018. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Agriculture Infrastructure and Facilities.

[DGAIF] Directorate General of Agriculture Infrastructure and Facilities. 2018. Agricultural infrastructure and facilities statistics 2013‒2017. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Agriculture Infrastructure and Facilities.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2019. Agricultural food crops statistics databases 2006‒2019. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2019a. Guidelines for Implementation of Rice Development Activities in 2019. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2018. Report on the implementation of the Upsus Paddy, Corn and Soybean program for the fiscal year 2018. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2018a. Guidelines for Implementation of Rice Development Activities in 2018. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2017. Report on the implementation of the Upsus Paddy, Corn and Soybean program for the fiscal year 2017. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2017a. Guidelines for Implementation of Rice Development Activities in 2017. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2016. Report on the implementation of the Upsus Paddy, Corn and Soybean program for the fiscal year 2016. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2016a. Technical Guidelines for Organic Rice Cultivation 2016. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2016b. Technical Guidelines for the Development of Organic Paddy Farming Villages 2016. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2016c. Technical Instructions for Jajar Legowo Rice Planting Technology 2016. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2016d. Technical Instructions for Hazton Rice Planting Technology 2016. Jakarta (ID): Directorat General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DGFC] Directorate General of Food Crops. 2015. Technical Guidelines for GP-PTT on Rice 2015. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Food Crops, Ministry of Agriculture.

[DLEM] Directorate Land Extension and Management. 2014. Technical Guidelines for System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Development for Fiscal Year 2014. Jakarta (ID): Directorate General of Agriculture Infrastructure and Facilities.

Eviriani. 2018. Analysis of the Impact of Rehabilitation of Tertiary Irrigation Networks on Farmers' Income in Aceh Besar District. Jurnal AGRIFO 3(2):55–63

FH Saragih, FAB Panjaitan. 2020. Factors Affecting the Income of Ciherang Rice Farmers in Tebing Tinggi Village, Serdang Bedagai Regency. J. Agribisnis Sumatera Utara 13(1): 55–65.

H Supriadi, IW Rusastra, Ashari. 2015. The strategy for developing the SL-PTT Paddy Program: Cases in Five Agroecosystems. Anal. Kebijak. Pertan. 13 (1): 1–17

Hantoro, FRP, Prasetyo Edy, Hermawan Agus. 2020. The Impact of The Utilization of Agricultural Equipment and Machinery on Rice Production in Tegal Regency.J. Pangan, 29 (3): 171–180

[IAARD] Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. 2016. Jajar Legowo Super of Rice Cultivation Technical Guidelines. Jakarta (ID): Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture.

[IAARD] Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. 2015. The Guidance of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Cultivation Technology. Jakarta (ID): Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture.

[IAARD] Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. 2015a. Guidelines for Hazton Cultivation Technology of Rice. Jakarta (ID): Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture.

[IAARD] Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. 2015b. The Guidance of Salibu Rice Cultivation Technology. Jakarta (ID): Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture.

[IAARD] Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. 2013. Legowo Rice Planting System. Jakarta (ID): Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture.

[ICASEPS] Indonesian Center for Agricultural Socio Economic and Policy Studies. 2019. Independent evaluation of the Upsus Pajale program. Policy Analysis Report. Bogor (ID): Indonesian Center for Agricultural Socio Economic and Policy Studies.

[ICASEPS] Indonesian Center for Agricultural Socio Economic and Policy Studies. 2017. Policy on Implementation of Staple Food Production Improvement Program. Policy Analysis Report. Bogor (ID): Indonesian Center for Agricultural Socio Economic and Policy Studies.

Irfan, Mohamad. 2019. Evaluation of The Impact of Rice Farming Insurance (AUTP) Program n Kedungpring Sub-District, Lamongan District. Thesis. Surabaya (ID): Airlangga University.

Irvan IP, Yuliarmi NN. 2019. Analysis of Impact Factors on Farmers Income. J. Manag. IT Soc. Sci. 6(5): 218–225

Ismaya T, Sulaksana J, Hadiana D. 2016. Depelovment and Management of Irrigation System to Increase Productivity and Farm Income of Paddy. J. Ilmu Pertan. dan Peternak 4 (2): 196-205.

Kamandalu, AANB, SAN Aryawati, GKD Dana Arsana, IB Aribawa, IB Suastika, P Suratmini, P, P Sutami, P Sugiarta, N Dwijana, M Astika, K K Sukraeni, M Subagia, N Sutresna, M Suwijana, M, Sukarja, K Sudarmini, SU Asih. 2013. End of Year Report on Supporting the SL-PTT Paddy Wetland Paddy Field Program in Bali Province Fiscal Year 2013. Bali (ID): Assessment Institutes for Agricultural Technology.

Kamandalu, AANB, SAN Aryawati, I BG Suryawan, IB Aribawa, IBP Suastika, P Suratmini, PSutami, P Sugiarta, N Dwijana M, MM Astika, KK Sukraeni, M Subagia, N Sutresna, M Suwijana, M Sukarja, N Winarta. 2012. End of Year Report on Supporting the SL-PTT Paddy Wetland Paddy Field Program in Bali Province Fiscal Year 2012. Bali (ID): Assessment Institutes for Agricultural Technology.

Maulana TM, Romano, Usman U. 2018. Strategy for Increasing Rice Production Through Upsus Pajale and Its Contribution to Economic Improvement in Aceh Besar District. Jurnal Bisnis Tani. 3(2) :147–160.

Mataliana GNA, Antara M, Astiti NWS. 2018. Impact of Spesial effort on rice productivity at Subak Sangeh, Subdistrict of Abiansemal, Badung Regency. J. Manaj. Agribisnis 6(1):34–40

[MoA] Ministry of Agriculture. 2017. Success self-sufficiency: Indonesia becomes a world food barn 2045. Jakarta (ID): General Secretariat of the Ministry of Agriculture.

[MoA] Ministry of Agriculture. 2015. Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 03/2015 about Special Program (Upsus program) Guidance in Order to Increase Rice, Corn and Soybeans Production through the Improvement on Irrigations and Agricultural Input and Supporting Facilities. Jakarta (ID): General Secretariat of the Ministry of Agriculture.

[MoA] Ministry of Agriculture. 2015a. Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 14/2015 about Guidelines for Integrated Assistance and Mentoring by Extension Workers, Students, and Villages Military Officers for Special (UPSUS) Program in Order to Increase Rice, Corn and Soybeans Production. Jakarta (ID): General Secretariat of the Ministry of Agriculture.

Nauly, D. 2019. The Impact of Fertilizer Subsidy Policies and Government Purchasing Prices on the Welfare of Rice Producers and Consumers in Indonesia. J. Agrosains dan Teknol 4 (1): 40–54.

Nainggolan S, Malik A. 2017. Use of Upsus Technology and Its Relationships with the Production and Revenue of Rice Farmers: A Case Study in Batang Asam District of Jambi Province, Indonesia. RJOAS, 11(71): 440–443

Nugroho AD, Hidayah-Utami SN, Yuslianti Y, Nurrokhmah L, Al Huda MA, Suryani L, Riyadi I, Ulfaizah, Septijono T, Adhini HAN. 2017. Pelaksanaan program Upaya Khusus (Upsus) Swasembada Pangan di Kabupaten Wonosobo Provinsi Jawa Tengah. J Pengabdi Masy. 3(1):1-–17.

Nurasa, TJ, H. Supriadi. 2012. Integrated Crop Management Field School (SL-PTT) Program for Rice: Performance and Policy Anticipation Supporting Sustainable Food Self-sufficiency. Anal. Kebijak. Pertan. 10 (4): 313–329.

Prasetyo OR, K Astuti, N Rahmadhani, R Poerwaningsih, IN Khasanah, N Prahestin. 2020. Harvested area and rice production in Indonesia 2019 (Results of Integrated Food Crops Agricultural Statistics Data Collection with the Area Sampling Frame Method). Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics.

Prasetyo OR, RR Amalia, K Astuti, IN Khasanah, N Rahmadhani, R Poerwaningsih. 2020a. Executive Summary of Paddy Harvested Area and Production in Indonesia 2019. Jakarta (ID): Central Bureau of Statistics

Prayoga A, Sutoyo. 2018. Productivity and Income of Rice Lowland Paddy Field Farming Impact of Aid Program for Agricultural Machine, Seeds and Fertilizer in Malang District, East Java Province. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian 24,(1): 1–9

Pullaila A, Amrullah ER, Astuti Y, Ishida Y. 2018. Factors affecting paddy farmers' perception of utilizing agricultural machines in Indonesia. J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev. 10(8): 150–157

Putra IGNY, Antara M, Suardi DPO. 2017. The Efficiency of Using Production Factors for Rice Agricultural Businnes in Subak Carik Tangis, Wongaya Gede, Tabanan-Bali. J. Manaj. Agribisnis 6(1):70–77

Prasetyo R, RNA Saksono. 2019. The Effect of Input Subsidies on the Exchange Rate of Rice Farmers in Indonesia. Jurnal Good Governance 15(2): 193–210

Sadikin, I. 2013. The Influence of Socio-Economic Factors on the Adoption of PTT in Sentra Padi, West Java. Agros 15 (1): 123–136

Saptana, Supriyo A, Saliem HP. 2016. Evaluation of the performance of the Upsus program on rice in Klaten Regency: performance, constraints, and strategies. In: Syahyuti, Susilowati SH, Agustian A, Sayaka B, Ariningsih E, editors. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agricultural Protection and Empowerment in the Context of Achieving National Food Independence and Improving Farmers' Welfare; 2015 Nov 10; Bogor, Indonesia. Bogor (ID): Indonesian Center for Agricultural Socio Economic and Policy Studies: 257–271.

Saputra MD, Antara M, Effendy. 2018. The Impact of Pajala Program on The Productivity of Paddy at The Lowland Rice Field in Jono Oge’s Village Sigi Biromaru Subdistrict Sigi Regency. Journal Agroland 25 (2): 96–105.

Sari M, Sjah T. 2016. Implementation of Special Program of PAJALE (Rice, Corn and Soybeans) in Terara District, East Lombok Regency. Int Res J Manag Inf Technol Soc Sci. 3(9):41–50.

Saridewi, TR. 2018. Improving Rice, Corn and Soybean Productivity Through Upsus Pajale Program in Garut Municipally. J. Agroekoteknologi dan Agribisnis 1(2): 45–57

Setiyanto A, Pabuayon IM. 2020. Impacts of Upsus Program on The Cost Efficiency and Competitiveness of Rice Production in Indonesia. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 38(1): 29–52

Setiyanto A. 2020. Cost Efficiency and Competitiveness Effects of the Upsus Program on Rice Production in Indonesia [PhD Thesis]. [Los Baños (PH)]: University of the Philippines at Los Baños.

Simanjuntak OV, Subejo, Roso Witjaksono. 2016. Farmers Participation in the Movement of Implementation on Integrated Planting Management (GP-PTT) Program of Rice at Kalasan Sub District, Sleman District. Agro Ekonomi 27(1):20–37

Suharyanto, K Mahaputra, NN Arya. 2015. The Relative Economic Efficiency of Rice Farming Using the Profit Function Approach in the Field School Program - Integrated Crop Management (SLPTT) in Bali Province. J. Inform. Pertan. 24 (1): 59–66

Suwarni. 2015. The Influence of Farming Level Irrigation Network Development (JITUT) on Rice Farmers' Income in Meurebo District, West Aceh Regency. Script. Agribusiness Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture. West Aceh (ID): Teuku Umar Meulaboh University

Wijaya I, Widyantara IW, Dewi I. 2016. Efektivitas alokasi input usahatani padi dalam program Upsus Pajale di Subak Gadungan Delod, Desa Gadungan, Kabupaten Tabanan. J Agribis Agrowisata. 5(3):527–537.

[WJAIAT] West Java Assessment Institutes for Agricultural Technology. 2017. Coordination of Technology Support and UPSUS Program Innovation Achievement of Rice, Corn, Soybean Self-Sufficiency and Enhancement of Ministry of Agriculture's Main Commodities. End of Year Report. Lembang, West Java (ID): The Author.

[WJAIAT] West Java Assessment Institutes for Agricultural Technology. 2016. Coordination of Technology Support and UPSUS Program Innovation Achievement of Rice, Corn, Soybean Self-Sufficiency and Enhancement of Ministry of Agriculture's Main Commodities. End of Year Report. Lembang, West Java (ID): The Author.

[WJOAFC] West Java Office for Agricultural Food Crops. 2019. Agricultural Food Crops and Horticulture Statistics Data Bases. Bandung (ID): West Java Office for Agricultural Food Crops.

Yurahman W. 2014. Analysis of the Effect of Agricultural Credit, Fertilizer Subsidies and Seed Assistance on Rice Production in Bengkulu Province. Thesis. Faculty of Economics and Business. Department of Development Economics. Bengkulu (ID): Bengkulu University

Zakaria, A K. 2014. Impact of Rehabilitation of Rural Irrigation Networks on Adoption of Rice Cultivation Technology. J. Penelit. Pertan. Tanam. Pangan 33(2):102–108




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/fae.v39n1.2021.29-49

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian
Kementerian Pertanian

Lt. III Gedung A. Kampus Penelitian Cimanggu
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No.3B, Kota Bogor-16111
Telp. (0251) 8333964 ext. 300-301, Faks.  (0251) 8314496
E-mail   : faepsekp@gmail.com
Website: http://pse.litbang.pertanian.go.id

Website design


       

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.