Financial Feasibility Study of Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) Seed Based-Biopesticides Production with Screw Press Method

Dwi Ajias Pramasari, Arief Heru Prianto

Abstract


Neem seed is a potential material for biopesticides, due to its limnoid content in the oil-seed. One of the methods for extracting neem seed oil is using screw press. The study aimed to determine the financial feasibility of neem seed based-biopesticides production for industrial-scale using flow chart of production approach. The tools used in this research was the financial feasibility approach such as NPV, IRR, Payback Period and Profitability Index. The financial feasibility study showed that biopesticides production was obtained at NPV Rp 3,026,193,872.00, IRR 46.90 %, Payback Period at 2 years 1 month, and Profitability Index at 2.40. The result of financial feasibility indicated that the biopesticides production using a screw press method at an industrial scale was feasible to be done. Sensitivity analysis showed that fluctuation of raw material cost and price of biopesticides product, affected the feasibility of neem seed based-biopesticides production using screw press method. This feasibility study is expected to be used as an initial reference for developing the potential of neem seed as biopesticides.

Keywords


Azadirachta indica; biopes-ticides; financial feasibility; seed; sensitivity analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alamsyah, R. & Supriatna, D. (2018) Analisis Teknik dan Tekno Ekonomi Pengolahan Biomassa Limbah Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit ( TKKS ) Menjadi Pelet sebagai Bahan Bakar Terbarukan Skala Produksi Technical and Economical Analysis of Biomass Waste of Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) Pellet as Renewa. 35 (1), 1–11.

Anderson, J. (2009) Determining Manufacturing Costs. Chemical Engineering Progress. 105 (1), 27–31.

Anonim (1992) Neem: A Tree for Solving Global Problems. Washington DC, National Academy Press.

Aries, R. & Newton, R. (1955) Chemical Engineering Cost Estimation. New York, Mc Graw-Hill Book Company.

Debashri, M. & Tamal, M. (2012) A Review on Efficacy of Azadirachta indica A . Juss Based Biopesticides : An Indian Perspective. Research Journal of Recent Sciences Res . J . Recent Sci. 1 (3), 94–99.

Elteraifi, I. & Hassanali, A. (2011) Oil and Azadirachtin Contents of Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) Seed Kernels Collected from Trees Growing in Different Habitats in Sudan. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. 5 (3). doi:10.4314/ijbcs.v5i3.72211.

Ermiati (2018) Analisis Finansial Penggunaan Pestisida Nabati pada Usahatani Jahe Putih Besar (Studi Kasus Kecamatan Tanjungkerta. Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat. 28 (2), 199–209.

Farida, T. & Christian, N. (2015) Peningkatan Proses Ekstraksi Minyak Biji Mimba (Neem Seed Oil) dan Purifikasinya Extraction Process Improvement of Neem Seed Oil and Its Purification. Journal of Agro-based Industry. 32 (2), 62–67.

Hartanto, E.S. & Hutajulu, T.F. (2012) Pemanfaatan Bioaktif Mimba untuk Sediaan Anti Serangga. Warta IHP. 29, 21–30.

Juniar, A. (2010) Studi Kelayakan Pendirian Pabrik Air Minum dalam Kemasan PDAM Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara ditinjau dari Aspek Keuangan. Jurnal Manajemen dan Akuntansi. 11 (April), 39–45.

Krishnamurthy, Y.L. & Shashikala, J. (2006) Inhibition of Aflatoxin B1 Production of Aspergillus flavus, Isolated from Soybean Seeds by Certain Natural Plant Products. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 43 (5), 469–474. doi:10.1111/j.1472-765X.2006.02011.x.

Kusuma, P.T.W.W. & Mayasti, N.K.I. (2014) Analisa Kelayakan Finansial Pengembangan Usaha Produksi Komoditas Lokal : Mie Berbasis Jagung. Agritech. 34 (2), 194–202.

Nuryanti, S.. (2015) Potensi Mimba sebagai Pestisida Nabati. ditjenbun.pertanian.go.id [Accessed: 27 December 2017].

Pasaribu, A.M. (2012) Perencanaan dan Evaluasi Proyek Agribisnis (Konsep dan Aplikasi). Yogyakarta, Andi.

.S., Basri, H., Yusuf, S. (2016a) Efektivitas Formulasi Minyak Mimba Hasil screw press terhadap rayap tanah (Coptotermes gestroi). In: Prosiding Seminar Lignoselulosa 2016. pp.42–50.

Prianto, A.H., Kartika, T., Zulfiana, D., Zulfitri, A., Wikantyoso, B., Krishanti, N.P.R.A, Lestari,A.S., Yusuf S., & Pramasari, D. A (2016b) Penemu; Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. 25 November 2016. Formulasi Biosida Berbahan Aktif Minyak Nimba, Penggunaan dan Proses Pembuatannya. Indonesia. ID P00201608068 (Pendaftaran Paten).

Pribadi, E.R., I Wayan, L., Rohimatun, Kiki, Y., & Mahrita, W. (2015) Kelayakan Ekonomi Pengendalian Hama Pengisap Buah Lada (Dasynus piperis China) dengan Insektisida Nabati Berbahan Aktif Minyak Seraiwangi dan Cengkeh. Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat. 26 (2), 156–164. doi:10.21082/bullittro.v26n2.2015.155-164.

Sari, F.P., Widya, F., Raden, P.B.L., Teguh, D., Jayadi, Euis, H. (2016) Tekno Ekonomi Produksi Perekat Aqueous Polymer Isocyanate Berbasis Lateks Karet Alam. Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Kayu Tropis. 14 (2), 102–113.

Sasmitaloka, K.S., Jusnita, N. & Andayani, A. (2015) Analisis Kelayakan Finansial Pendirian Industri Vanilin Dengan Bahan Baku Vanili Basah (Vanilli spp.). Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian. 8 (3), 1–8.

Soetrisnanto, D. & Hargono (2008) Buku Ajar Perancangan Pabrik Kimia. Semarang, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro.

Subiyakto (2009) Ekstrak Biji Mimba Sebagai Pestisida Nabati : Potensi, Kendala, dan Strategi Pengembangannya. Perspektif. 8 (2), 108–116.

Suryana, R.N., Sarianti, T. & Feryanto (2012) Berbahan Baku Molases di Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis. 9 (2), 127–136.

Susila, I.W.W. (2017) The Potency of Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss ) Product and Factors Affecting The Neem Leaf Production in Lombok. Jurnal Faloak. 1 (2), 85–98.

Susila, I.W.W., Tjakrawarsa, G. & Handoko, C. (2014) Potensi dan Tataniaga Mimba (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) di Lombok. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman. 12 (2), 127–139. doi:10.20886/jpht.2014.11.2.127-139.

Suwahyono, U. (2009) Cara Membuat dan Petunjuk Penggunaan Biopestisida. Jakarta, Swadaya.

Wahyudhi, O. & Utomo, C. (2014) Analisis Investasi pada Proyek Pembangunan Apartemen Bale Hinggil Surabaya. Jurnal Teknik ITS. 3 (1), 41–46.

Wang, J. Jian, L., Cao, J., & Jiang, W.(2010) Antifungal Activities of Neem (Azadirachta indica) Seed Kernel Extracts on Postharvest Diseases in Fruits. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 4 (11), 1100–1104.

Whitten, M.. (1992) Pest Management in 2000: What We Might Learn from The Twetieth Century. Wallingford, C.A.B.I.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v30n1.2019.11-26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultro

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMCRI)
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3 Bogor, Indonesia 16111
Telp. (0251) 8321879, Fax. (0251) 8327010
E mail : buletintro@gmail.com
Website : http://balittro.litbang.pertanian.go.id