The Response of Citronella Grass on Several NPKMg Fertlization Levels in Latosol Soil Type

NFN Setiawan, NFN Gusmaini, Hera Nurhayati

Abstract


Citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus var genuinus L) is an essential oil-producing plant known as "Citronella Oil of Java". Oil is resulted from leaf distillation. The fertilization of N, P, K and Mg was expected to enhance herb productivity and oil yield of citronella grass. The research was conducted at Cicurug Experimental Garden, Sukabumi from August 2016 - February 2017. The objective of this research was to determine the proper dosage of NPKMg fertilizer on citronella grass in Latosol soil type. The study was arranged in a Randomized Block Design with 6 fertilization treatments and 4 replications. Fertilizer treatments were (1) without fertilizer (control), (2) NPKMg (12:12:17:2): (2) at the dosage of 141 kg.ha-1,(3) 281 kg.ha-1, (4) 421 kg.ha-1, (5) 526 kg.ha-1, and (6) Urea 150 kg.ha-1, SP-36         50 kg.ha-1 and KCl 125 kg.ha-1 (as comparison). The NPKMg fertilization on citronella grass enhanced plant growth and increased the productivity of biomass and oil yield.  The application of NPKMg fertilization (12:12:17:2) 141 kg.ha-1 produced 23 tons of herbs, increased by 30.8 % compared to NPK fertilization without Mg. The dosage of NPKMg fertilizer (12-12-17-2) at 281 kg.ha-1 indicated the best growth and the highest herb production (24 ton.ha-1), increased by 39 %, while the highest oil content (1.4 %) was shown by 421 kg.ha-1 NPKMg (12-12-17-2) treatment, although the oil yield was insignificant compared to 281 kg.ha-1. Thus, the dosage of 281 kg.ha-1 NPKMg (12:12:17:2) can be recommended for citronella  grass cultivated at Latosol soil type


Keywords


Cymbopogon nardus; fertilization; growth; oil yield

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v29n2.2018.69-78

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