Nematoda Parasit pada Beberapa Kultivar Nilam di Jawa Barat

Ika Mustika, Yang Nuryani, Otih Rostiana

Abstract


Suatu observasi mengenai nematode parasit pada beberapa kultivar nilam (Pogosternon cablin Benth) telah dilakukan pada bulan April-Juli 1991 di tiga kebun percobaan Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat di Jawa Barat, yaitu KP. Cimanggu Bogor, Nagasari Cianjur dan Manoko Bandung. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa akar dan tanah sekitar perakaran nilam ditenmukan 11 genera nematode parasit yaitu Pratylenchus, Meloidogyne, Radopholus, Helicotylenchus, Tylenchus, Scutellonema, Ditylenchus, Aphelenchus, Rotylenchulus, Criconemoides dan xiphinema, Pratylenchus dan Meloidogyne merupakan nematode yang paling dominan. Radopholus hanya ditemukan di KP. Cimanggu, meskipun demikian serangan nematode ini menunjukkan gejala yang khas di lapangan. Berdasarkan populasi nematode parasit di dalam akar ada kecenderungan bahwa nilam Aceh lebih mudah terserang nematode dapipada nilam Jawa.

Keywords


Nematoda;Parasit; Nilam; minyak atsiri

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v6n1.1991.9-14

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