Studi Fluktuasi Hasil Cengkeh ( Study on clove product)

Fauzi Chairani

Abstract


Till the end of the 18 th century Indonesia had been the main clove producing and exporting country. The increasing clove demand, particularly for kretek cigarette industries the beginning of the 20 th century converted Indonesia to the greatest clove importing country Indonesia, however still plays the role of clove business and the country of clove origine that has brought clove to the raw material for kretek cigarettes consumed by millions the population. The fluctuation of the clove product has been the couse of the instability supply of clove for cigarette industries. One way out lesson the product fluctuation is to improve cultural technique. Fertilizing with appropriate dose and time, using high gulding seeds, and plant protection are fairly recommended

Keywords


Cengkeh; Usahatani;Fluktuasi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim. Tanpa Tahun. Spico. Dept. Of Agrio., Industry and Commerce

Division of Commerce, Buitenzorg. 55p.

Bullock, A.A. and S.G. Harrison. 1958. The correct name of the clove.

In Kew Bull. Her Majestys Stationaru, London. 13 : 52

Hadiwijaya, T. 1979.Cengkeh, data dan petunjuk ke arah swasembada.

Gunung Agung, Jakarta. 108p.

Hasnam dan Nurheru. 1978. Pengaruh curah hujan dan umur tanaman terhadap hasil cengkeh. Pembr LPTI (30) : 42 – 49.

Iskandar, S.H. dan M.H. Bintoro. 1976. Budidaya tanaman cengkeh. Dalam Bintoro (od.) Pedoman berbagai tanaman tahunan. Dept. Agron,.

Fak. Pert. IPB, Bogor. Hal 1.1-1.14.

Kaat, H. 1978. Penumpukan tanaman cengkeh dewasa di kebun percobaan Cibinong. Pemt. LPTI (30) : 63 – 76.

Kemala, S., Zamarel, dan MT Muhamad. 1979. Potensi Pegembangan Cengkeh di pulau sumatra ,. LPTI. 56 p.

Lubis, R. 1955. Cengkeh dan Kretek. N.V. Percetakan Makassar. 75 p.

Meyling, D.H.G. 1952. Tinjauan tentang pemilihan pohon induk pada cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.). Teknik Pertanian 1 : 162 – 171.

Ochse, J.J.,M.J. Soul, MJ.Dijkman, and C. Wehlburg. 1961. Tropical and

Subtropical agriculture. Vol. II.Mac Millan Co, Inc.N. Jersey.

Okeng, S.A. 1979/1980. Proyek intensifikasi cengkeh dan lada. Majalah

Pertanian 27 (1) : 1 – 16.

Parry, J.W. 1969. Species. Vol.II. Chemical Publ. Company Inc. New York .24 p.

Santoso,I., Setiawan,A.M. Susanto. Dan Rusdarto. 1981. Monitoring Unsur Hara dikebun cengkeh selokaton dan kalisidi. Bull.Pert. cengkeh dan tembakau 2 (3/4) : 29 – 67.

Setiawan. 1981. Percobaan pengapuran serta penumpukan nitrogen dan kalium. Bull. Pert. Cengkeh dan Tembakau 2(3/4) : 2 15.

Soenardi, G. Kartono, dan S.H. isdijoso. 1976. Keadaan cengkeh di Jawa Timur. Disajikan pada pertemuan/diskusi para PPS diperta Prop/ D.T.

I Jatim,Wonocolo, Surabay Tgl. 23 Agustus 1976. LPTI Malang . 17p.

Sudjasaputra, S.,K. Sukartaatmadja, dan S.Soewarno. 1970. Perluasa aeal Pertanian ke arah swasembada cengkeh Indonesia. Menata Perkebunan 39 (3/4) : 55 – 60.

Team Survey Cengkeh/ Pala. 1968. Keadaan peranamar cengkeh(Eugenia aromatica Baill.) di jawa dan di Bali, masalahnya di Indonesia dan BEBEBRAPA Catatan mengenai pertanaman pada ( Mvristica fragrans Houtt). IPB, Bogor, 64pp (tidak dipublikasikan).

Toha, Y.Y. 1978. Tinjauan mengenai fluktuasi produksi tanaman cengkeh.

Capata Selecta. Dept Agron Fak. Pert. IPB, Bogor 16p.

Wahid, P. 1978. Pengahruh Iklim terhadap fluktuasi hasil cengkeh Pembr.

LPTI (30) : 50 – 62

Wahid, P. Dan Hasnam. 1977. Percobaan Penumpukan tanaman cengkeh produktif Pembr. LPTI _25) : 27 – 38.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v1n2.1986.1-12

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultro

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMCRI)
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3 Bogor, Indonesia 16111
Telp. (0251) 8321879, Fax. (0251) 8327010
E mail : buletintro@gmail.com
Website : http://balittro.litbang.pertanian.go.id