PEMUPUKAN NITROGEN DAN FOSFOR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PERTUMBUHAN, PRODUKSI BIJI DAN KANDUNGAN THYMOQUINONE JINTAN HITAM

Rudi Suryadi, Munif Ghulamahdi, Ani Kurniawati

Abstract


Nigella sativa L. yang dikenal dengan jintan hitam merupakan tanaman asli daerah Asia Barat dan kawasan Mediterania yang beriklim sub tropis. Bijinya yang berkhasiat sebagai obat dan rempah sudah dimanfaatkan sejak ribuan tahun lalu terutama oleh umat Muslim di Timur Tengah dan Asia Selatan. Penelitian tanaman jintan hitam di daerah tropis sampai saat ini masih terbatas. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan, produksi biji dan kandungan bioaktif thymoquinone tanaman jintan hitam. Penelitian dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan Manoko, Lembang menggunakan benih berasal dari Arab Saudi. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah petak terbagi, dengan petak utama dua taraf dosis pupuk N (0 dan 120 kg N ha-1) dan anak petak empat taraf dosis pupuk P (0, 60, 120, dan 180 kg P2O5 ha-1) diulang tiga kali. Parameter yang diamati meliputi pertumbuhan, produksi biji dan kandungan thymoquinone. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemupukan N dan P masing-masing nyata meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan produksi biji jintan hitam. Pemupukan dengan dosis 120 kg N ha-1 dan 180 kg P2O5 ha-1 mampu meningkatkan produksi biji sebesar 477,48 kg ha-1 dengan kadar thymoquinone 0,0625% dan produksi thymoquinone 29,84 kg ha-1.



Keywords


Nigella sativa L.; tropis

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v28n1.2017.15-28

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