KARAKTER MORFOLOGI, HASIL, DAN MUTU ENAM GENOTIP LENGKUAS PADA TIGA AGROEKOLOGI

Nurliani Bermawie, Susi . Purwiyanti, Melati Melati, Nurlaila Wahyuni Meilawati

Abstract


Penampilan karakter morfologi, hasil dan mutu sangat dipengaruhi oleh lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakter morfologi, hasil dan mutu enam genotip lengkuas (Alpina galanga) pada tiga agroekologi. Penelitian dilakukan sejak Januari 2011 sampai Agustus 2012 di Lebak (Banten); Kulon Progo (Yogyakarta), dan Karang Anyar (Jawa Tengah). Enam genotip lengkuas dan dua nomor lokal ditanam menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Lengkap dengan empat ulangan. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap karakter morfologi, produksi, dan mutu. Data hasil pengamatan dianalisis menggunakan ragam gabungan. Mutu dianalisis mengacu kepada Farmakope Herbal Indonesia (FHI). Terdapat keragaman pada karakter morfologi, hasil, dan mutu antar genotip pada berbagai lokasi. Nomor Lokal-2 asal Karang Anyar menunjukkan pertumbuhan terbaik dibandingkan nomor lokal yang lain. Lokasi berpengaruh terhadap bobot dan karakter morfologi rimpang. Hasil terbaik diperoleh dari penanaman di Lebak dan Karang Anyar. Terdapat variasi pada kadar minyak atsiri antar genotip pada tiga lokasi berkisar antara 0,30-0,50%. Kadar minyak atsiri tertinggi dan memenuhi standar FHI (0,5%) diperoleh dari genotip lengkuas merah Alga 013 yang ditanam di Kulon Progo. Kadar air simplisia sesuai dengan standar FHI, sedangkan kadar abu dan abu tak larut asam masih melebihi batas MMI. Kadar sari yang larut dalam alkohol dan air lengkuas lebih baik dibandingkan ketentuan FHI. Kadar serat dan kadar pati berbeda antar lokasi. Kadar serat tertinggi ditunjukkan oleh genotip yang ditanam di Lebak dan terendah di Kulon Progo.

Keywords


Alpinia galango; hasil; mutu; uji adaptasi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v23n2.2012.%25p

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