KEEFEKTIFAN Beauveria bassiana DAN Spicaria sp. TERHADAP KEPIK RENDA LADA Diconocoris hewetti (DIST.) (HEMIPTERA: TINGIDAE)

I. M. Trisawa, I W. Laba

Abstract


Effectiveness of Beauveria bassiana and Spicaria sp. to Pepper Lace Bug, Diconocoris hewetti (Dist.) (Hemiptera: Tingidae)

The experiment was conducted in la-boratory and in the field, Research Assesment of Agricultural Technology, Bangka Belitung Province, since November to December 2004.  The objective of this experiment to find out effectiveness Beauveria bassiana and Spicaria sp. to adult of pepper lace bug, Diconocoris hewetti.  Three type of B. bassiana were used, they are ED2, ED3, and ED6. The concentra-tion of laboratory experiment were used 1 g/l and 10 g/l for each strain. Beside of pathogen fungi also used Nimbo 0.3 AS, bota-nical insecticide as treatment check and water as control. The experiment was arange with Randomized Completely Design with 10 treat-ments and 4 replications in laboratory, while in the field was used Randomozed Block De-sign with 8 treatments and 4 replication. The treatment of field experiment based on the laboratory test result. The result indicated that B. Bassiana and Spicaria sp. effective to control of D. hewetti in laboratory and in the field. The highest mortality in laboratory are 93.33% on B. bassiana treatment with ED2 strain and 10 g/l concentrations.  Strain of ED2 and ED6 with 10 g/l concentrations for each treatment indi-cated that 97.50% of the mortality in the field experiment. Spicaria sp. able to kill D. hewetti but the level of mortality lower than B. Bas-siana namely 16.67% till 9 days after appli-cation

 


Keywords


Beauveria bassiana; Spicaria sp.; Diconocoris hewetti; effectiveness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asnawi, Z., 1992. Sebaran hama utama di daerah sentral produksi lada (Pipper nigrum L) di Bangka. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (tidak dipublikasi)

Daud, I.D., A.P. Saranga, dan Mery, 1993. Efektivitas lima konsentrasi suspensi spora Beauveria bassiana Vuill. terhadap mortalitas tiga instar larva Darna catenata Snellen (Lepi- doptera : Limacodidae). Simposium Patologi Serangga I. Yogyakarta, 12 -13 Oktober 1993. Universitas Gadjah- mada : 125-134.

Deciyanto, S., 1989. Pengendalian ter- padu hama utama lada di Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 8 (3) 69 – 74.

Farques, J., N.K. Maniania, and J.C.Delmas, 1995. Infectivy of pro- pagules of Paecilomyces fumoso- roseus during in vitro development to Spodoptera frufiperda. CAB (Abstract) (12):313 - 346.

Gabriel, B.P. dan Riyanto, 1989. Me- tarrhizium anisopliae (Met-sch.) Sor. taksonomi, patologi, produksi, dan aplikasinya. Proyek Pengembangan Perlindungan Tanaman Perkebunan. Departemen Pertanian. 25 hal.

Hardaningsih, S., 2001. Identifikasi ras jamur entomophaga. Hasil penelitian komponen teknologi tanaman ka- cang-kacangan dan umbi-umbian. Balai Pen. Tan. Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian: 53 - 59.

International Pepper Community, 1996.Increasing Competiveness of the pepper industry through improving quality. Report. of the 21st pepper- tech Metting, Kuching, Sarawak Ma- laysia, 22 Juli 1996. International Pepper Community

Ilyas, B.H., 1960. Beberapa catatan tentang biologi bunga lada (Piper nigrum L.) Pemberitaan Balai Besar Penyelidikan Pertanian No. 157. 22 hal.

Junianto, Y.D., 2000. Penggunaan Bea- uveria bassiana untuk pengendalian hama tanaman kopi dan kakao. Work- shop Nasional Pengendalian Hayati OPT Tanaman Perkebunan di Cipa- yung 15-17 Februari 2000. 15 hal.

Kalshoven, L.G.E., 1981. Pest of crops in Indonesia. PT. Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve. Jakarta, 701 pp.

Mazet, I., J.C. Pendland, and D.G. Boucias, 1995. Dependence of Vert- icillium lecanii (Fungi : Hypomy- cetes) on high humidity for infection and sporulation using Myzus persicae (Ho-moptera : Aphididae) as host. Environ Entomol (15):380-382.

Nazar, A., 1997. Pengaruh beberapa tingkat umur biakan jamur Nomuraea rileyi terhadap kematian Dasynus piperis China pada tanaman lada. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Tantang- an Entomologi Pada Abad XXI. Bogor, 8 Januari 1997. PEI Cab. Bogor : 87 - 90.

Oka, I. N., 1995. Pengendalian hama terpadu dan implementasinya di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University. 255 hal

Papierok, B, J.M. Freulard, and C.R. Desmier, 1995. Entomopathogenic Fungi Associated with Coccons of Netle Caterpilars (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae) in Oil Palm Plantation in Sumatera. CAB (Abstracts).

Rotschild, G H. I., 1968. Note on Diconocoris hewetti Dist. (Tingidae), a pest of pepper in Serawak (Malay- sia Borneo). Bull. Entomol. Res. 58 :

-118.

Samson, R.A., H.C. Evans, J.P. Latge, 1988. Atlas of entomopathogenic fungi. Prinejerverlag Berlin Hoedel- berg New York. London, Tokyo.

p.

Sivadasan, C. R., 1999. Pesticide residue in food. Internat. Pepper News Bull. Vol XXVI No. 3-4. Juli-December hal 52-58

Sudarmadji, D., dan S. Gunawan, 1994. Patogenisitas fungi entomopatogen Beauveria bassiana terhadap Helo- peltis antonii. Menara Perkebunan 62(1).

Suprapto dan Suroso, 1999. Pengaruh konsentrasi cendawan Beauveria bassiana Vuill. terhadap aspek bio- logi penggerek batang lada Lopho- baris piperis Mars. (Curculionidae: Coleoptera). Prosiding Seminar Na- sional Perhimpunan Entomologi In- donesia. Bogor, 16 Februari 1999. PEI Cab. Bogor : 117-124

Suryawan, IBG. Dan G.R. Carner, 1993.

Cendawan patogen dari serangga hama pada tanaman palawija dan sayuran. Simposium Patologi Se- rangga I. Yogyakarta, 12-13 Oktober

Universitas Gadjahmada: 288- 295.

Widayat, W. dan D. J. Rayati, 1993a. Hasil penelitian jamur entomopa- togenik lokal dan prospek pengguna- annya sebagai insektisida hayati. Simposium Patologi Serangga I. Yogyakarta, 12-13 Oktober 1993. Universitas Gadjahmada : 61-74.

Widayat, W. dan D.J. Rayati, 1993b. Pengaruh frekuensi penyemprotan jamur entomopatogenik terhadap ulat jengkal (Ectropis bhurmitra) di perkebunan teh. Simosium Patologi Serangga I. Yogyakarta, 12-13 Oktober 1993. Univ. Gadjahmada : 91-103.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v17n2.2006.%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultro

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMCRI)
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3 Bogor, Indonesia 16111
Telp. (0251) 8321879, Fax. (0251) 8327010
E mail : buletintro@gmail.com
Website : http://balittro.litbang.pertanian.go.id