FORMULA SABUN TRANSPARAN ANTIJAMUR DENGAN BAHAN AKTIF EKSTRAK LENGKUAS (Alpinia galanga L.Swartz.)

Hernani Hernani, Tatit K. Bunasor, Fitriati Fitriati

Abstract


Lengkuas mengandung senyawa aktif, antara lain eugenol, galangin, kaempferol, kuersetin, dan asetoksikhavikol asetat (ACA). Komponen ACA dilaporkan mem-punyai efek sebagai anti jamur. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui penambahan ekstrak lengkuas pada sabun transparan terhadap kualitas, daya anti jamur, dan tingkat kesukaan panelis. Tahap kegiatan mencakup analisis kualitas bahan baku, pembuatan ekstrak, formulasi sabun trans-paran, analisis kualitas sabun, uji daya antijamur, dan uji organoleptik sabun transparan. Hasil analisis kualitas bahan baku menunjukkan bahwa semua kriteria mutu masih memenuhi persyaratan Materia Medika Indonesia (MMI). Pening-katan konsentrasi ekstrak lengkuas pada sabun transparan secara signifikan mem-berikan pengaruh terhadap asam lemak total, fraksi yang tidak tersabunkan, bahan yang tidak larut dalam alkohol, dan pH. Hasil uji antijamur menunjukkan bahwa sabun transparan yang mengandung eks-trak lengkuas 1% dapat menghambat pertumbuhan jamur Tricophyton menta-grophytes dan Microsporum canis. Daya hambat sabun transparan terhadap M. canis lebih baik dibandingkan dengan T. mentagrophytes. Hasil uji organoleptik menunjukkan bahwa kenaikan konsentrasi ekstrak lengkuas menurunkan tingkat kesukaan panelis terhadap warna, tekstur, dan kekerasan.

 


Keywords


Ekstrak lengkuas; antijamur; sabun transparan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v21n2.2010.%25p

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