Peningkatan Kemampuan Berkecambah Benih Bidara (Zizipus nummularian (Brum. F.) Wight & Arn Melalui Perlakuan Pematahan Dormansi Kimiawi

Novriza Sativa, Indri Anggraeni, Hanny Hidayati Nafi'ah, Rama Adi Pratama, Dadi Nurdiana

Abstract


The wild jujube plant is a shrub originating from Southeast Asia, which has many benefits, one of which is a traditional medicinal plant. The population of wild jujube plants in Indonesia is still rarely found, even though this plant has many benefits from leaves, roots to stems. With the benefits of wild jujube plants and the community's needs, it is necessary to hold propagation. Jujube plants can massively use seeds but require 2-3 months to sprout in optimum media. This study aimed to determine the effect of dormancy breaking treatment in chemistry on the germination ability of wild jujube seeds. This research has been implemented from July to August 2021 in Pataruman Village Tarogong Kidul-Garut District. This study used a nonfactorial Randomized Block Design method with six treatments and four replications. The first treatment was KNO3 concentration 0.5% (A), KNO3 concentration 1.0% (B), KNO3 concentration 1.5% (C), H2SO4 concentration 25% (D), H2SO4 concentration 50% (E), and H2SO4 concentration 75% (F). The results showed that the H2SO4 treatment with 50% concentration affected parameters normal seedling (%), seeds did not grow (%), growth speed (%), vigour index (%), germinations length (cm), and root length (cm) than KNO3 and another H2SO4 concentration. Consider corrosiveness H2SO4, mask, gloves, and lab coat needed when using it in an outdoor or acid room.

Keywords


H2SO4; jujube; KNO3; medicine plants

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v32n2.2021.99-106

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