Multidemensional Scaling Benih Lada Bersertifikat di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat

Aprillia Gorda, Eva Dolorosa, NFN Radian

Abstract


West Kalimantan Province is one of Indonesia's seven largest pepper-producing provinces and was solicited to be a pioneer and advocate of the national pepper development program. This study aimed to analyze the sustainability status of certified pepper seedlings in West Kalimantan. The sustainability of the seeds system was analyzed using the multidimensional scaling (MDS) method in four districts with seed orchard and pepper seedlings producers: Bengkayang District, Sambas District, Sanggau District, and Sintang District. The research stages were an analysis of the sustainability status based on the dimensions of ecology, economy, socio-culture, technology, and infrastructure, as well as legal and institutional, followed by an MDS analysis of 50 attributes related to the sustainability index scale based on values ranging from 0–100. The ecological, socio-cultural, technological, and infrastructural dimensions were quite sustainable in the certified pepper seedlings supply system, while the economic, legal, and institutional dimensions were less sustainable. 34 out of 50 attributes were influential and sensitive to the sustainability status of certified pepper seedlings. The dominant attributes were drought/dry season (ecology), low awareness of farmers in using certified seeds (social-culture) related to low demand for certified pepper seedlings (economy), production planning and seed distribution (technology and infrastructure), and the necessity to cooperate with a research institution and seed orchard (legal and institutional). Therefore, special efforts were required from the local government to increase the pepper seedlings' availability and provide information on good pepper cultivation management to farmers and pepper seedlings managers.


Keywords


Piper nigrum; ecology; institusional; socio-cultural; technology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v32n2.2021.62-74

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