Author Guidelines


Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO)

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) or Bulletin of Research On Spice and Medicinal Crops is a primary scientific publication by Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development. This journal contains primary research on spice, medicinal, aromatic and industrial crops that have never been published on any publication media.


Paper Submission

The submitted manuscript has not been published or evaluated in other scientific publications; it has been approved by the author team (enclosed by ethical statement) as the responsible parties for the manuscript. The publisher is not responsible for any claims or compensation requests for matters relating to the content of the manuscript.

The manuscript was submitted online at

The manuscripts must follow the format provided in the template for the author ( The manuscripts that format do not follow the guidelines will not be processed and returned to the author for revision.  The manuscript is written in MS. Word (.doc or .docx) on A4 paper, and the margin border is 2 cm on all sides of the paper; letters font is Times New Roman 11, with two spaces.  The table and figure use Times New Roman 10 with single-spaced. The page number is put sequentially on the bottom right, and the maximum number of pages is 17 (including tables and pictures).

Manuscript Preparation

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) publishes articles both in Indonesian and English.  The manuscripts written in Indonesian must follow writing rules in the Indonesian language and according to the Indonesian Spelling System General Manual (Pedoman Umum Ejaan Bahasa Indonesia/PUEBI). Furthermore, manuscripts in English must follow the English  standard.

The manuscripts are arranged in the following order: Title, Author and Affiliation, Abstract (Indonesian and English), Keywords, Introduction, Material and Method, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgment (optional), Contributorship, References, and Appendices (optional).  Subchapter title is written in the capital at the beginning of a sentence with bold font. From 2021 onwards, a contributorship statement must be included.

Title: Brief, clear, describe the content of the manuscript, informative (not more than 15 words), written in Indonesian (all capital letters) and English (capital letters only at the beginning of a sentence, italics). The common scientific name of the plant/animal is not included in the title.

  * Authors and Author's Affiliation: Full name, not abbreviated, without the title.  Corresponding author or main author includes a personal e-mail address and is underlined.  Each author's institution name and address are written fully included street name, zip code, and city.  The author(s)'s address(s) are indicated by lower-case superscript letters if there is more than one affiliation.

Abstract: An abstract included brief background, objectives, methodology (including location and time of research), result, conclusion, implication, suggestion, or follow up (the last three are optional). The abstract is written in Indonesian and English no longer than 250 words (Times New Roman, font 11, single space). Abstract in English must fulfill English standard and has been checked with Grammarly or other writing checker application.

Keywords: A list of 4–5 keywords are to be provided directly below the abstract. Keywords should express the precise content of the manuscript, as they are used for indexing purposes.  Ordered alphabetically, scientific names are written at the beginning (no authors), words or word phrases in the title should not be repeated in the keywords, written in Indonesia and English.

Introduction: The introduction provides a brief review of relevant literature and contains an embedded justification for the research. The introduction usually ends with a brief and general overview of key results and the research's objectives.

Material and Method:Materials and Methods should provide sufficient detail (location and time, experimental design, analysis method) so that procedures are well understood and can be repeated.  Field trial should include the agroecology information (elevation, soil type, rainfall, and number of rainy days, climate region types), and soil analysis (for fertilization trial).  Any initial reference to equipment, kits, reagents, lights, etc., must be followed by the manufacturer or supplier, city of origin, and country of origin.  The material (plants, microorganism, animals, etc.) also must be mentioned their origin.  The observation parameters and measurement tools are described in detail following by statistical analysis to analyze the data.  

Result and Discussion: The Results and Discussion sections may be combined or kept separate. Table, graph, diagram, photo, figure, and illustration can be used to support the result explanation. The result is written in several sub-chapter following the chapter topic. The data analysis result should contain p-value and CV (for table) and ratio of r2/R2 (for figure, if applicable).  The discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of the research findings and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result to solve the research problem.

Tables and Figures

1. Each table shuold be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. The title of the table shuold be written in Indonesian and English. From 2021 onwards, field information should be written in Indonesian and English. Footnotes to tables should be indicated by smaller fonts and should be written in Indonesian and English. The data used from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission, and acknowledge fully.

2. Each figure should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. The title of the figures should be written in Indonesian and English.  Figures should be limited to those essential for the text. Results should not be duplicated by presentation of the same results in both a graph and table.  The graphic data in MS Excell should be included as a supplement file.  The size of the figure is no more than 300 KB and in .jpeg format.

3. Decimal notation is written using a comma (,) or periods (.) depended on the language used in the manuscripts, maximum of two decimal digits.

Conclusion: A summary of the points or a re-statement to answer the research problem and also a synthesis of key points to help the reader understand the importance of the research.  Written in narrative form, one paragraph. It can be supplemented with implications, suggestions, or follow-up of the results.

Acknowledgments: All acknowledgments should be included in one separate paragraph that directly precedes the contributorship section, addressing people who aid the research activities which are not authors, written in the full name following his/her affiliation, as well as those for grant and financial support.

Contributorship: A significant contributions of the author to the manuscripts (the conception, design, execution, interpretation of the data, and writing) should be enlisted. Contributors statement form.

References: The list of original references should only include works cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications should only be mentioned in the text. In the text, references should be cited by author and year (see the examples) and listed in alphabetical order in the reference list.  Minimum references cited in the text are 11, with ≥ 80% from primary sources (journal, proceedings) published in the last 10 years.  Citation and reference manager use Mendeley ( with University of Worcester-Harvard style.

Example of Reference


Bauerle, T.L., Richards, J.H., Smart, D.R. & Eissenstat, D.M. (2008) Importance of Internal Hydraulic Redistribution for Prolonging the Lifespan of Roots in Dry Soil. Plant, Cell and Environment. 31 (2), 177–186. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2007.01749.x.


Ilyas, S. (2012) Ilmu dan Teknologi Benih. Bogor, IPB Press.

Articel part of a book:

Upreti, K.K. & Sharma, M. (2016) Role of Plant Growth Regulators in Abiotic Stress Tolerance. In: Rao,N.S. et al. (eds.) Abiotic Stress Physiology of Horticultural Crops. India, pp.19–46. doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2725-0.


Lebaudy, A., Vavasseur, A., Hosy, E., Dreyer, I., Leonhardt, N., Thibaud, J.-B., Véry, A.-A., Simonneau, T. & Sentenac, H. (2008) Plant Adaptation to Fluctuating Environment and Biomass Production Are Strongly Dependent on Guard Cell Potassium Channels.In: Chrispeels,M. (ed.) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 105 (13), The National Academy of Sciences, pp.5271–5276. doi:10.1073/pnas.0709732105.

Patent citation :

The name of patent inventor word "inventor"; Patent holder institution. Date of patent publication (date, month, year).  The name of the patented item or process.  Patent number.

Muchtadi, T.R., penemu; Institut Pertanian Bogor. 9 Maret 1993. Suatu Proses mencegah Penurunan Beta Karoten pada Minyak Sawit. ID 0 002 569.

Rules to write the authors name in reference list  

If the first author name more than one word :

J.C. Smith                               

Written  Smith, J.C.

F.W. Day Jr.                           

Written Day, F.W. Jr.

A.B. Toll III                           

Written Toll, A.B., III

E.C. Bate-Smith                    

written Bate-Smith, E.C.

Richard C. De Long              

written De Long, R.C.

A.J. de Lorenzo                     

written de Lorenzo, A.J.

James M. van der Veen       

written van der Veen, J.M.


The name of Chinese authors in Chinese publication is written as follows:

Chan Tai-Chen                     

written Chan, T-C.

Lin Ke-Sheng                         

written Lin, K-S.


The name of Chinese author in English publication is written as follows

L. Ying Chang                       

written Chang, Y.L

His Fam Fu                            

written Fu, H.F.

Proofreading manuscripts

Proofreading manuscripts will be e-mailed to the author to get approval before published in the journal.  The revisions from the author (if available) should be sent to the Editorial Board in two days.


The rules of writing number

One digit (less than 10)

Three replications

Four varieties

Five months

One year


Two digits (≥10)

10 treatments

10 polybags

12 months

12 months


International Systems of Unit

One digit

1 ml

2 m

2 kg or ... (ton)

5 minutes

5 second


1 atm

5 ha or ... m²



Two digits

12 l

10 m

12 kg

10 detik


25 ha




Derived units of measure

kg per ha written kg.ha-1

kg per m2 written kg.m-2

10 plants per ha written 10 plants/ha

10 g per plant written 10 g/plant


Download template naskah disini


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

All articles published by Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This permits anyone to copy, redistribute, remix, transmit, and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited.


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