Correlation Between Altitude, Soil Chemical Properties, and Physical Quality of Arabica Coffee Beans in Highland Areas of Garut

Handi Supriadi, Enny Randriani, Juniaty Towaha


Altitude defines the climatic elements which in turn affect the soil chemical properties. Growth, productivity, qualities, and coffee flavor determines by a number of factors, one of which is the chemical properties in the soil. The research aimed to analyze the correlation between altitude, soil chemical properties, and physical quality of Arabica coffee beans in highland areas of Garut. The research was carried out in Garut Regency, West Java, from April to Agustus 2014. The research used survey method with purposive random sampling from selected locations. Parameters observed were soil chemical properties, percentage of normal beans and the beans weight at the altitude of 1.000–1.600 m asl. The data were then analyzed using correlation method. The result showed a significant correlation between altitude with soil chemical properties and Arabica coffee beans physical quality in Garut highlands. The higher the altitude, the higher level of soil chemical properties, such as pH, C-organic, N-total, Na, and KTK, in contrary with total P2O5. Higher altitude and chemical properties inline with higher percentage of normal beans and the weight of 100 Arabica coffee beans.


Arabica coffee; soil chemical properties; normal beans; beans weight; altitude

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