Dewi Listyati, Bedy Sudjarmoko


Cashew is one of the commodities that have significance for Indonesia’s economy. Besides the country foreign exchange earner and source of income of farmers, cashew nuts contribute for land conservation. In Indonesia, cashew mostly cultivated by smallholders. The main problem is the low productivity of Indonesian cashew crop and quality of products. The development of the cashew processing industry faced with the constraint of continuity of availability of raw materials. This is because cashew harvest season is generally only four months (July-October) per year. Indonesia cashew exports still largely in the raw form, especially to India and Vietnam which is a major producer of cashew in the world market. The dominant raw form of cashew export is not benefeting farmers, processing industry and the government (central and local). The loss potential lost opportunity to obtain economic value added, the amount of Rp 1.8 to 2.9 trillion per year. Opportunity comes from the processing of cashew nuts and CNSL. This product price is stabilize, the market outlook is still very open, both domestic and international markets. Demand for exports and growing domestic market, it should be an incentive for farmers, processing industry, and government to exploit its full potential. Besides the increase farmers' income, this step will open new employment opportunities in rural as well as opportunities increase foreign exchange. This potential will only materialize if the processing performed by the industry to involve farmers as partners. 


Anacardium occidentale L.; export; processing; value added.

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P-ISSN: 2356-1297
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Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia


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