Profil Minyak Biji dari Empat Varietas Rosela Herbal (Hisbiscus sabdariffa var. sabdariffa) Indonesia

Elda Nurnasari, Tantri Dyah Ayu Anggraeni, Nurindah Nurindah

Abstract


Rosela herbal dibudidayakan untuk diambil kalik (kelopak bunga) sebagai bahan baku minuman herbal. Produk samping dari budidaya rosela herbal salah satunya adalah biji rosela. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi komposisi senyawa asam lemak dan kadar minyak biji rosella dari empat varietas unggul rosella herbal (Roselindo 1, Roselindo 2, Roselindo 3, dan Roselindo 4 dan membahas potensinya sebagai bahan pangan). Minyak biji rosella herbal diekstrak dengan cara pengepresan dan analisa profil asam lemak dengan metode GCMS. Biji rosela herbal mempunyai kadar minyak yang cukup tinggi, yaitu antara 23,25 – 27,31%. Asam linoleat, asam oleat, asam palmitat dan asam nonadekanoat adalah asam lemak utama pada empat varietas rosela herbal. Pengelompokan varietas rosela berdasarkan persentase kemiripan kandungan minyak dan asam lemak menunjukkan bahwa Roselindo 1 berada dalam satu kelompok dengan Roselindo 3 dan Roselindo 2 dengan Roselindo 4.  Senyawa asam lemak dari Roselindo 1 dan Roselindo 3 asam adalah dari kelompok asam lemak tak jenuh (UFA) yakni asam linoleat pada Roselindo 1 dan asam oleat pada Roselindo 3.  Senyawa asam lemak utama varietas Roselindo 2 dan Roselindo 4 adalah asam nonadekanoat. Berdasarkan jenis asam lemak tersebut maka minyak biji rosella termasuk dalam kategori minyak yang aman dikonsumsi (edible oil) dan juga berkhasiat bagi kesehatan.

Profile of Four Varieties of Indonesian Herbal Roselle (Hisbiscus sabdariffa var. sabdariffa

Herbal roselle is cultivated for calices production as raw material for herbal drinks. One of the by products from herbal roselle cultivation is roselle seeds. This study was conducted to evaluate the composition of fatty acid compounds and roselle seed oil content of four herbal roselle superior varieties (Roselindo 1, Roselindo 2, Roselindo 3, and Roselindo and discuss their potency as a foodstuff 4). Herbal roselle seed oil is extracted using pressing method and analyzing fatty acid profiles using GC-MS method. Herbal roselle seeds have high oil content, i.e., 23.25 - 27.31%. Linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid and nonadecanoic acid are the main fatty acids in four herbal rosela varieties. The grouping of rosela varieties based on the percentage similarity of oil content and fatty acids shows that Roselindo 1 is in one group with Roselindo 3 and Roselindo 2 with Roselindo 4. The main fatty acids of Roselindo 1 and Roselindo 3 are from a group of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), namely linoleic acid on Roselindo 1, and oleic acid in Roselindo 3  The main  fatty acid compounds of Roselindo 2 and Roselindo 4 are nonadecanoic acid. Based on these types of fatty acids, rosella seed oil of Roselindo varieties is in the category of edible oil and is also beneficial for health.


Keywords


asam lemak; minyak biji rosela; rosella herbal; Roselindo

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdallah, E., 2016. Antibacterial efficiency of the Sudanese Roselle (Hibiscus sandariffa L.) a famous beverage from Sudanese folk medicine. J. Intercult Ethnopharmacol 5, 186–190.

Bamgboye, A., Adejumo, O., 2010. Physicochemical properties of roselle seed oil. Nutr. Food Sci. 40, 186–192.

Ben Farhat, M., Chaouch -Hamada, R., Landoulsi, A., 2015. Oil yield and fatty acid profile of seeds of three Salvia species. A comparative study. Herba Pol. 61, 14–29. https://doi.org/10.1515/hepo-2015-0012.

Bizarro, A.K., Santos, V.R., Araújo, J.C.S., De Jesus, L.M.M., Fernandes, A.L.C., Salles, M.S.A., Rocha, M.M., Marcadenti, D.R.T.W., 2015. The Impact of the Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) in Human Health. Open J. Endocr. Metab. Dis. 5, 98–104. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojemd. 2015.57013.

Bligh, E., Dyer, W., 1959. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can. J. Biochem. Physiol. 37, 911–917.

Chang, H., Peng, C., Yeh, D., Kao, E., Wang, C., 2014. Hibiscus sabdariffa extract inhibits obesity and fat accumulation, and improves liver steatosis in humans. Food Funct. 5, 734–739.

Coetzee, R., Labuschagne, M., Hugo, A., 2008. Fatty acid and oil variation in seed from kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.). Ind. Crops Prod. 27, 104–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop. 2007.08.005.

Dhar, P., Kar, C.S., Ojha, D., Pandey, S.K., Mitra, J., 2015. Chemistry, phytotechnology, pharmacology and nutraceutical functions of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) and roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) seed oil: An overview. Ind. Crops Prod. 77, 323–332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.08.064

El-Deab, S., Ghamry, H., 2017. Nutritional evaluation of Roselee seeds oil and production of mayonnaise. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. Eng. 7, 32–37.

Elneairy, N., 2014. Comparative studies on Egyptian and Libyan Roselee seeds as a source of lipid and protein. Food Nutr. Sci. 5, 2237 –2245.

Eltayeib, A.A., Elaziz, A.A., 2014. Physicochemical properties of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L .) seeds oil (Elrahad-1) in North Kordofan, Sudan. J. Sci. Innov. Res. 3, 578–582.

Lin, H., Chen, J., Kuo, W., Wang, C., 2007. Chemopreventive properties of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. on human gastric carcinoma cells through apoptosis induction and JNK/p38 MAPK signaling activation. Chem. Biol. Interact. 165, 59–75.

Mariod, A., Elwathig, M., Mirghani, S., Ismail, H., 2017. Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Roselle, in Unconventional Oilseeds and Oil Sources, Chapter 11. ed. Massachusetts.

Matthäus, B., Musazcan Özcan, M., 2015. Oil Content, Fatty Acid Composition and Distributions of Vitamin-E-Active Compounds of Some Fruit Seed Oils. Antioxidants 4, 124–133. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox4010124.

Mestrovic, T., 2017. Oils rich in linoleic acid [WWW Document]. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Oils-Rich-in-Linoleic-Acid.aspx.

Murianingrum, M., 2013. Pelepasan varietas baru rosela minuman (Hibiscus sabdariffa Var. Sabdariffa) [WWW Document]. URL http://www.balittas.litbang.pertanian.go.id.

Nzikou, J., Bouange-Kalou, G., Matos, L., Ganongo-Po, F., Mboungou-Mboussi, P., Moutoula, F., Panyoo-Akdowa, E., Silou, T., Desobry, S., 2011. Characteristics and nutritional evaluation of seed oil from Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) in Congo-Brazzaville. Curr. Res. J. Biol. Sci. 3, 141–146.

Omalsaad, A., Isla, A., Jahan, M., Yaakob, Z., Osman, M., 2014. Genetic relationship between roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) and kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) accessions through optimization of PCR based RAPD method. Emir J Food Agric 26, 247–258.

Saikia, C., Goswami, T., Ali, F., 1997. Evaluation of pulp and paper making characteristics of certain fast growing plants. Wood Sci. Technol. 31, 467–475.

Sartika, R.A.D., 2008. Pengaruh asam lemak jenuh, tidak jenuh dan asam lemak trans terhadap kesehatan. Kesehat. Masy. Nas. 2, 154–160. https://doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v2i4.258.

Shaheen, M., El-Nakhlawy, F., Al-Shareef, A., 2012. Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as unconventional nutritional source. Afr. J. Biotechnol 11, 9821–9824.

Wu, J., Gao, S., Tang, L., Hou, P., Gao, J., Chen, F., 2012. The traits, oil content and correlation studies of seed and kerne in Jatropha curcas L. African J. Agric. Res. 7, 1487–1491.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/btsm.v11n1.2019.8-15

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

          


Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat, & Minyak Industri Editorial Office:

Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat
Jalan Raya Karangploso Km 4, Malang 65152
Jawa Timur, Indonesia
Telp: +62-341-491447
Fax: +62-341-485121
Email: balittas@litbang.pertanian.go.id
Website: http://balittas.litbang.pertanian.go.id


View My Stats