Karakterisasi Morfologi Durian (Durio zhibetinus) Lokal Asal Kabupaten Katingan

Susilawati Susilawati, M. Sabran

Abstract


Katingan adalah salah satu kabupaten di Kalimantan Tengah yang terkenal dengan keragaman durian (Durio zibethinus) lokalnya. Untuk mengetahui potensi keragaman durian di Katingan telah dilakukan karakterisasi pohon induk durian potensial yang dikenal di masyarakat, yang populer dengan nama durian Kasongan. Enam jenis durian lokal asal Kabupaten Katingan tersebut yaitu Ubuyu, Lagas, Belimbing, Susu, Bukit Lime, dan Kalasi telah dikarakterisasi pada bulan Juni–November 2013 dan September– Desember 2014. Karakterisasi dilakukan dengan mengacu pada panduan penyusunan deskripsi durian. Data yang dikumpulkan dianalisis dengan principal component analysis (PCA) untuk mengurangi jumlah peubah yang digunakan dalam analisis kemiripan genetik/analisis klaster. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa morfologi daun memiliki kontribusi terhadap keragaman kumulatif sebesar 98,4%. Selain itu, berdasarkan hasil analisis gerombol, keenam jenis durian Katingan memiliki tingkat kemiripan antara 44,90–72,45%. Nilai kemiripan tertinggi terdapat pada durian Lagas dan Susu (72,45%).


Keywords


Karakterisasi morfologi; keragaman genetik; durian lokal Katingan.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/blpn.v24n2.2018.p%25p

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