PERAN PEMERINTAH DALAM PENINGKATAN KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF DAN KOMPETITIF USAHA TANI PALA RAKYAT DI PROVINSI MALUKU

Tienni Mariana Simanjorang, nFN Irham, Lestari Rahayu Waluyati, Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo

Abstract


The smallholders nutmeg farming plays an important role in Maluku Province economy, especially in Central Maluku Regency as the largest nutmeg producer.The role of the government in increasing the competitiveness of nutmeg farming is very much needed. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of smallholders’ nutmeg farming,  level of comparative and competitive advantage of nutmeg farming, and the role of government in increasing the comparative and competitive advantage of nutmeg farming in Central Maluku Regency. Number of farmres interviewd was 180 people in three sub-districts in Central Maluku Regency. Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) was used to measure the level of competitiveness, and multiple regression analysis was applied to determine the effect of the government’s rule on the competitiveness of smallholder nutmeg farming. The results showed that the level of comparative and competitive advantages of smallholders’ nutmeg farming in Maluku province was high. The results of the analysis also show that  the government’s role have a significant impact, especially on the increase of competitive advantage. This indicates the need for a government program related to the competitiveness of the smallholders’ nutmeg farming, especially in supporting  the reasonable prices of seeds and mace by taking into account the location of the nutmeg commodity.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/akp.v20n1.2022.39-47

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