Potensi Pengembangan Budidaya Artemisia annua L. di Indonesia

GUSMAINI GUSMAINI, HERA NURHAYATI

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Artemisia terbukti efektif mengatasi penyakit malaria yang mulai kebal terhadap pil kina.  Artemisia berasal dari daerah sub tropis (iklim temprate), dan dapat tumbuh baik di daerah tropis. Peluang pengembangan artemisia di Indonesia cukup besar. Beberapa wilayah memiliki lingkungan tumbuh yang sesuai bagi pertumbuhan artemisia dan klon lambat berbunga yang cocok tumbuh di Indonesia juga tersedia. Beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam budidaya artemisia di Indonesia agar produksi dan kadar artemisininnya tinggi antara lain: (1) pemilihan lokasi atau wilayah yang sesuai, (2) pemilihan bahan tanaman yang tepat,, dan (3) memanipulasi agronomik seperti  pemangkasan,  pemupukan  anorganik  dan organik, naungan, dan mikroba.

Kata kunci: Artemisia annua L., budidaya, artemisinin, pengembangan.

 

ABSTRACT

Potency of Artemisia annua Development in Indonesia

Artemisia as medicinal plant was proven can cure malaria disease more effective than quinine pill. Artemisia is introducted plant from sub tropical area but it can grow well in tropical area.  The potency to develop Artemisia in Indonesia is big since some areas have suitable agro ecology for Artemisia’s growth and the availability of delayed flowering clones which gan grow well in Indonesia. To obtain high yield and also high artemisinin content, some factors need attention in cultivating Artemisia in Indonesia: (1) selected locat-ion suitable for its growth, (2) selected plant material, and (3) manipulated agro climate environment such as prunning, application of organic and inorganic fertilizer, shading, and microbe application.

Keywords: Artemisinin annua L., cultivation, artemi-sinin, development,


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/p.v6n2.2007.%25p

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