Variability and Improvement of Processing Method for Several Types of Local Sliced Tobaccos in The Growing Areas

JOKO HARTONO

Abstract


Tobacco (Nicotiana tabaccum L.) is grown in fourteen provinces of Indonesia including Nangroe Aceh Darusalam (NAD), North Sumatera, West Sumatera, Jambi, South Sumatera, Lampung, West Java, Central Java, East Java, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) and South Sulawesi, with
varied processing methods. The method used is influenced by level of technology of the farmers, consumer preferences and local wisdom. Less technology involved in every step of tobacco processing result in lower quality of sliced tobacco produced. The use of proper processing method based on recommended technologies are expected to increase tobaccos farmers income and thus their welfare. These recommended processing technologies are related to optimization of different processing steps, such as, sorting, leaf-fermentation, winding, slicing and drying. It is thought that consumer preferences and local genius had interacted each other to produce specific processing methods. Some existing methods remain to be adopted as those methods are unique and characterizing specific types of sliced tobaccos that already have particular market segment. For example, methods that are related to width of sliced tobacco (fine, medium, coarse), colour (green, white, yellow, red, and black), foot-pressing for the production of black tobacco from Payakumbuh, West Sumatera; grilling of dry sliced tobacco from Soppeng, South Sulawesi and different  material and methods used in wrapping sliced tobacco for marketing the products. This paper reviews and discusses the variability of the processing methods in the production of sliced tobacco in order to identify technology that are able to produce sliced tobacco of  high quality index.

Keywords : Nicotiana tabaccum, sliced tobacco,  method of processing, cultural  local wisdom.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/p.v12n1.2013.%25p

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