POTENSI DAGING KELAPA KOPYOR SEBAGAI BAHAN PANGAN SEHAT / Potency of Kopyor Coconut Meat as an Ingredient of Healthy Food

Muhammad Yusuf Antu, Ismail Maskromo, Barlina Rindengan

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Sumber pangan sehat saat ini telah menjadi kebutuhan utama masyarakat menengah atas, karena dapat dimanfaatkan untuk menjaga kesehatan dalam kehidupan manusia dan memperpanjang usia. Potensi sumber pangan tersebut terdapat pada salah satu komoditas perkebunan yaitu  kelapa kopyor. Tujuan dari penulisan adalah menelaah potensi kelapa kopyor sebagai pangan fungsional yang bergizi dan berguna untuk kesehatan. Kelapa kopyor daging buahnya mempunyai komposisi kimia yang baik untuk kesehatan. Daging buah kelapa opyor mengandung senyawa antioksidan dan asam laurat sebesar 37,93% - 51%. Asam laurat adalah komponen yang mudah dicerna dan diserap oleh tubuh, berfungsi sebagai anti bakteri, anti kanker, dan meningkatkan energi. Selain itu terdapat pemanfaatan daging buah kelapa kopyor untuk dijadikan makanan sehat, namun belum populer, karena masyarakat hanya mengetahui bahwa kelapa kopyor sebagai minuman pemenuh dahaga yakni es kopyor. Beberapa penelitian yang telah dihasilkan diantaranya oleh Balai Penelitian Tanaman Palma terkait dengan komposisi kimia daging kelapa kopyor, namun perlu secara spesifik didiseminasikan manfaatnya untuk kesehatan, sehingga masyarakat maupun konsumen akan lebih mengetahui khasiatnya, dan petani akan lebih giat dalam memproduksi kelapa kopyor secara massal. Pengembangan produksi dan pemanfaatan kelapa kopyor cukup prospektif karena sejalan dengan program diversifikasi pangan lokal serta meningkatnya kesadaran masyarakat akan pangan sehat dan pengembangan industrial petanian.

 

ABSTRACT

Healthy food resources currently has been a major need for people the middle upper class, because can be used to maintain the health in human life. The potential of food is on one of the kopyor coconut plantation commodities. The purpose is to review the potential of Kopyor coconut as a functional food that is nutritious and useful for health. Kopyor coconut meat has its chemical cmposition is good for the health. Kopyor coconut meat compounds containing antioxidants and lauric acid of 37,93% - 51%. Lauric acid is a component being easy to digest and absorbed the body, serves as anti bacterials, anti cancer, and increases energy. Moreover,can be used kopyor coconut meat as healthy foods, however has not been popular,  because the public only knows that  kopyor coconut as a thirst-replenishing drink namely kopyor ice. Several studies have been produced, among others by Indonesia Palmae Crops Research Institute related to the chemical composition of kopyor coconut meat, however must be specifically disseminated for health benefits, so that the community as well as consumers will be more aware of its benefits, and farmers will be more active in producing the cocoanut kopyor en masse. The development and use of kopyor coconut enough prospective because in line with the local food diversification and the increased awareness about healthy food and development of the agricultural industry. 


Keywords


Antioksidan, asam lemak, kelapa kopyor, pangan sehat. / Antioxidan, fatty acid, kopyor coconut, healthy food

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agrikan. (2020). Meraup Ratusan Juta Rupiah dari Budidaya Kelapa Kopyor dengan Bibit Kultur Embriole. https://agrikan.id/meraup-ratusan-juta-rupiah-dari-budidaya-kelapa-kopyor-dengan-bibit-kultur-embrio/

Antu, M., Hasbullah, R., & Ahmad, U. (2014). Pengemasan dan Penyimpanan Dingin Kelapa Kopyor untuk Mempertahankan Mutu. Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian. http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtep/article/view/9664/7563

Appaiah, P., Sunil, L., Prasanth Kumar, P. K., & Gopala Krishna, A. G. (2014). Composition of coconut testa, coconut kernel and its oil. JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-014-2447-9

Arancon, R. N. (1996). Makapuno From the Philippines. Coco Info International, 3(1), 15–17.

Arivalagan, M., Roy, T. K., Yasmeen, A. M., Pavithra, K. C., Jwala, P. N., Shivasankara, K. S., Manikantan, M. R., Hebbar, K. B., & Kanade, S. R. (2018). Extraction of phenolic compounds with antioxidant potential from coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) testa and identification of phenolic acids and flavonoids using UPLC coupled with TQD-MS/MS. LWT - Food Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2018.02.024

Arora, R., Chawla, R., Marwah, R., Arora, P., Sharma, R. K., Kaushik, V., Goel, R., Kaur, A., Silambarasan, M., Tripathi, R. P., & Bhardwaj, J. R. (2011). Potential of complementary and alternative medicine in preventive management of novel H1N1 flu (swine flu) pandemic: Thwarting potential disasters in the bud. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/586506

Balitpalma. (2019). Kelapa Kopyor Unggul. http://repository.pertanian.go.id/bitstream/handle/123456789/7384/2. Kelapa Kopyor Unggul.pdf?sequence= 1&isAllowed=y.htm

Dayrit, C, S. (2000). Coconut in Health Disease : Its and Monoalurin’s Potenstial As Cure For HIV/AIDS. Indian Coconut Journal-COCHIN, 110–122. https://library.apccsec.org/paneladmin/doc/20180322092210Dr. Conrado S. Dayrit.110.pdf

Dayrit, C. S. (2003). Coconut Oil : Atherogenic or Not ? (What therefore causes Atherosclerosis ?). Philippine Journal of Cardiology, 31(3), 97–104. https://coconutoil.com/DayritCardiology.pdf

Dayrit, F. M., & Newport, M. T. (2020). The Potential of Coconut Oil and its Derivatives as Effective and Safe Antiviral Agents Against the Novel Coronavirus. 2001, 10–13. http://hancolegroup.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/The-Potential-of-Coconut-Oil-as-an-Effective-and-Safe-Antiviral-Agent.pdf

DebMandal, M., & Mandal, S. (2011). Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.: Arecaceae): In health promotion and disease prevention. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1995-7645(11)60078-3

Enig, M. G. (2014). Coconut : In Support of Good Health in the 21st Century. Asian Pacific Coconut Community’s 36th Session, 301, 3–7. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Coconut%3A-In-Support-of-Good-Health-in-the-21st-Enig/4d540ad3d4498ba28af7a6200be97e21bba6c5e7

Everitt, A. V., Hilmer, S. N., Brand-Miller, J. C., Jamieson, H. A., Truswell, A. S., Sharma, A. P., Mason, R. S., Morris, B. J., & Le Couteur, D. G. (2006). Dietary approaches that delay age-related diseases. In Clinical interventions in aging. https://doi.org/10.2147/ciia.2006.1.1.11

Famurewa, A. C., Ufebe, O. G., Egedigwe, C. A., Nwankwo, O. E., & Obaje, G. S. (2017). Virgin coconut oil supplementation attenuates acute chemotherapy hepatotoxicity induced by anticancer drug methotrexate via inhibition of oxidative stress in rats. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.biopha.2016.12.123

Farhaniah, R. R. (2019). Karakteristik Mutu Fisikokimia dan Sensori Velva Kopyor R ( Cocos nucifera L .) dengan Penambahan CMC ( Carboxy Methyl Cellulose ). file:///C:/Users/Acer/Downloads/SKRIPSI_RDRATIHF_UNIDA_BOGOR.pdf

Ghosh, D. K. (2015). Postharvest, product diversification and value addition in coconut. In Value Addition of Horticultural Crops: Recent Trends and Future Directions. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-2262-0_8

Gunathilake, K. D. P. P., Mohammad, J. M. A., Perera, G. R. P. K., Thilakahewa, C., & Kumara, A. A. N. (2010). Value Added Products from Dikiri Coconuts: Preparation, Compositional and Sensory Qualities. Cord, 26(2), 6. https://doi.org/ 10.37833/cord.v26i2.127

Gunathilake, K. D. P. P., Thilakahewa, C., & Kumara, A. A. N. (2009). Nutritional Composition of Dikiri Coconut. Cord, 25(2), 7. https://doi.org/10.37833/ cord.v25i2.143

Hasan, A. E. Z., Ambarsari, L., Artika, I. M., Julistiono, H., & Tarunasari, D. (2013). Induction resistance of Candida sp. Y 390 to ethanol stress by kopyor coconut and virgin coconut oil. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.9755/ ejfa.v25i10.17004

Islam, N., Azad, A. K., Namuco, L. O., Teresita, H., Cedo, M. L. O., & Aguilar, E. A. (2013). Morphometric Characterization And Diversity Analysis of A Makapuno Coconut Population In U.P. Los Banos Md. Nazirul Islam*, A. K. Azad**, Leon O. Namuco***, Teresita H. Borromeo***, Maria Lourdes O. Cedo*** and Edna A. Aguilar***. Pakistan J. Agric., 26(4), 254–264. http://www.pjar.org.pk/Issues/ Vol26_2013N0_4/J26_4_254.pdf

Kappally, S., Shirwaikar Arun, & Shirwaikar, A. (2015). Coconut Oil-A Review Of Potential Applications. Hygeia.J.D.Med.

Kumar, K. D., Gautam, R. K., Ahmad, I., Roy, S. D., & Sharma, A. (2015). Biochemical , genetic and molecular basis of the novel and commercially important soft endosperm Makapuno coconut - A review. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 14(1), 61–65.

Lauzon, R. D. (2005). Physico -Chemical Properties and Processing Possibilities Of Macapuno Cultivars Developed at Leyte State University. Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 30(June), 55–60. https://www.cabi.org/gara/FullTextPDF/2005/20053176290.pdf

Leorna, M., & Israel, K. A. (2017). The influence of maturity of VMAC5 (Cocos nucifera L. ’makapuno’) on its physicochemical, proximate composition and fatty acid profile. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. https://doi.org/ 10.1088/1755-1315/102/1/012098

Lerebulan, C., Fatimah, F., & Pontoh, J. (2018). Rendemen Dan Total Fenolik Santan Kelapa Dalam Pada Berbagai Tingkat Kematangan. Jurnal MIPA. https://doi.org/10.35799/jm.7.1.2018.19283

Luengwilai, K., Beckles, D. M., Pluemjit, O., & Siriphanich, J. (2014). Postharvest quality and storage life of “Makapuno” coconut (Cocos nucifera L.). Scientia Horticulturae. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.06.005

Marina, A. M., Che Man, Y. B., Nazimah, S. A. H., & Amin, I. (2009). Antioxidant capacity and phenolic acids of virgin coconut oil. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 09637480802549127

Maskromo, I., Halimah, L. S., Hengky, N., & Sudarsono, S. (2016). Xenia negatively affecting kopyor nut yield in Kalianda Tall kopyor and Pati Dwarf kopyor coconuts. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2015-07-552

Maskromo, I., Novarianto, H., Sukendah, S., Sukma, D., & Sudarsono, S. (2016). Keragaman Komponen Buah dan Kuantitas Endosperma Kelapa Dalam Kopyor Kalianda dan Kelapa Genjah Kopyor Pati. Buletin Palma. https://doi.org/10.21082/bp.v15n2.2014.102-109

Maskromo, I., Tenda, E. T., Tulalo, M. A., Novarianto, H., Sukma, D., Sukendah, S., & Sudarsono, S. (2015). Keragaman Fenotip dan Genetik Tiga Varietas Kelapa Genjah Kopyor Asal Pati Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri. https://doi.org/10.21082/littri.v21n1.2015.1-8

Mirzaei, F., Khazaei, M., Komaki, A., Amiri, I., & Jalili, C. (2018). Virgin coconut oil (VCO) by normalizing NLRP3 inflammasome showed potential neuroprotective effects in Amyloid-β induced toxicity and high-fat diet fed rat. Food and Chemical Toxicology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2018.04.064

Muchsin, R., Fatimah, F., & Rorong, J. A. (2016). Aktivitas Antioksidan Dari Santan Kelapa di Sulawesi Utara. Chem Prog.

Narayanankutty, A., Illam, S. P., & Raghavamenon, A. C. (2018). Health impacts of different edible oils prepared from coconut (Cocos nucifera): A comprehensive review. In Trends in Food Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2018.07.025

Nevin, K. G., & Rajamohan, T. (2006). Virgin coconut oil supplemented diet increases the antioxidant status in rats. Food Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.06.056

Nevin, K. G., & Rajamohan, T. (2008). Influence of virgin coconut oil on blood coagulation factors, lipid levels and LDL oxidation in cholesterol fed SpragueeDawley rats e-SPEN, the European e-Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclnm.2007.09.003

Nguyen, Q. T., Bandupriya, H. D. D., Foale, M., & Adkins, S. W. (2016). Biology, propagation and utilization of elite coconut varieties (makapuno and aromatics). In Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.plaphy.2016.11.003

Novarianto, H., & Tulalo, M. (2007). Kandungan Asam Laurat Pada Berbagai Varietas Kelapa Sebagai Bahan Baku VCO. Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri. https://doi.org/10.21082/jlittri.v13n1.2007.28-33

Nurjayanti, E. D., & Awami, S. N. (2017). Saluran Dan Margin Pemasaran Kelapa Kopyor Di Kecamatan Kabupaten Pati. Agronomika.

Parfene, G., Horincar, V., Tyagi, A. K., Malik, A., & Bahrim, G. (2013). Production of medium chain saturated fatty acids with enhanced antimicrobial activity from crude coconut fat by solid state cultivation of Yarrowia lipolytica. Food Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.09.057

Patil, U., & Benjakul, S. (2018). Coconut Milk and Coconut Oil: Their Manufacture Associated with Protein Functionality. In Journal of Food Science. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14223

Ramesh, S. V. (2020). Coconut oil as a virucidal agent : prospects and challenges in. 1–7. https://d197for5662m48.cloudfront.net/documents/publicationstatus/35527/preprint_pdf/087c6e6814d00b442094062ba48405f4.pdf

Santoso, U., Kubo, K., Ota, T., Tadokoro, T., & Maekawa, A. (1996). Nutrient composition of kopyor coconuts (Cocos nucifera L.). Food Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(95)00237-5

Srivastava, Y., Semwal, A. D., & Majumdar, A. (2016). Quantitative and qualitative analysis of bioactive components present in virgin coconut oil. Cogent Food & Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2016.1164929

Statistik, B. P. (2018a). Indikator Pertanian Kabupaten Pati 2018. BPS Kabupaten Pati. file:///D:/Data riset 2020/HEALTH FOR KOPYOR 2019/BPS Pati 2018.pdf

Statistik, B. P. (2018b). Indikator Utama Pertanian Provinsi Jawa Tengah 2018. BPS Provinsi Jawa Tengah. https://jateng.bps.go.id/ publication/download.html?nrbvfeve=ZDQ4OGYyNDI0YjliZTk1ZTczYmZhN2Uz&xzmn=aHR0cHM6Ly9qYXRlbmcuYnBzLmdvLmlkL3B1YmxpY2F0aW9uLzIwMTkvMTIvMzEvZDQ4OGYyNDI0YjliZTk1ZTczYmZhN2UzL2luZGlrYXRvci11dGFtYS1wZXJ0YW5pYW4tcHJvdmluc2ktamF3YS0tdGVuZ

Sudarsono, Maskromo, I., Dinarti, D., Rahayu, M. S., Sukma, D., Hosang, M. L. A., & Novarianto, H. (2014). Status Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Kelapa Kopyor. Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Kelapa VIII, 53–64. http://perkebunan.litbang.pertanian.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/MP-3-Sudarsono.pdf

Tenda, E. T., & Karmawati, E. (2014). Keragaman Sifat Fisik dan Kimia Buah Tiga Varietas. Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Kelapa VIII Jambi, 21-22 Mei 2014, 155–162. http://perkebunan.litbang.pertanian.go.id/dbasebun/asset_dbasebun/Penerbitan-20160922084511.pdf

Tulalo, M. A., Mawardi, S., & Mashud, N. (2017). Prospek dan Tantangan Perbanyakan Kelapa Kopyor Melalui Kultur Embrio. http://balitka.litbang.pertanian.go.id/prospek-dan-tantangan-perbanyakan-kelapa-kopyor-melalui-kultur-embrio/

Vijayakumar, V., Shankar, N. R., Mavathur, R., Mooventhan, A., Anju, S., & Manjunath, N. (2018). Diet enriched with fresh coconut decreases blood glucose levels and body weight in normal adults. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2017-0097

Widianingrum, D. C., Noviandi, C. T., & Salasia, S. I. O. (2019). Antibacterial and immunomodulator activities of virgin coconut oil (VCO) against Staphylococcus aureus. Heliyon. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.heliyon.2019.e02612

Zentek, J., Buchheit-Renko, S., Ferrara, F., Vahjen, W., Van Kessel, A. G., & Pieper, R. (2011). Nutritional and physiological role of medium-chain triglycerides and medium-chain fatty acids in piglets. In Animal health research reviews / Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1466252311000089

Zicker, M. C., Silveira, A. L. M., Lacerda, D. R., Rodrigues, D. F., Oliveira, C. T., de Souza Cordeiro, L. M., Lima, L. C. F., Santos, S. H. S., Teixeira, M. M., & Ferreira, A. V. M. (2019). Virgin coconut oil is effective to treat metabolic and inflammatory dysfunction induced by high refined carbohydrate-containing diet in mice. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2018.08.013

Zuhra, C. F., Tarigan, J. B., & Sihotang, H. (2008). Aktivitas Antioksidan Senyawa Flavonoid DAri Daun Katuk (Sauropus androgunus (L) Merr.). Jurnal Biologi Sumatra. file:///C:/Users/Acer/Downloads/ AKTIVITAS_ANTIOKSIDAN_SENYAWA_FLAVONOID.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/psp.v19n2.2020.95-104

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Perspektif

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan
Jln. Tentara Pelajar No 1, Kampus Penelitian Cimanggu
Bogor 16111

ISSN : 1412-8004

E-ISSN: 2540-8240

Perspektif Review Penelitian Tanaman Industri has been indexed by