EVALUASI HIBRIDA HASIL PERSILANGAN TEMBAKAU MADURA DAN ORIENTAL

SUWARSO SUWARSO, ANIK HERWATI, ABDUL RACHMAN, SRI HARTINIADI ISDIJOSO

Abstract


Evaluation of hybrid resultedrom crossing ofMadura and oriental tobacco

Productivity and quality of tobacco could be improved by improving genetical traits through crossing Oiental tobacco was used as donor parent due to high number of leaves and aromatic that was able to enhanced the yield and quality of Madura tobacco. The exploits of heterosis in hybrid were expected to short cut the time of research The experiment was conducted in some villages i.e. [«bbek and Klompang Barat (District of Pamekasan). Por-dapor and Guluk-guluk (District of Sumenep) during 1997 season. The treatments consisted of four hybrids and Prancak-95 as the standard variety Hie purpose of the experiment was to find out the potency of hybrids and their improvement compared to Prancak-95. Sliced tobacco yields of all treatments were not different, except Ft Prancak-95x Ismir produced 0.701 Mia. closed to Prancak-95, i.e. 0.703 Mia Genotype x environment interaction affected on grade index, but this hybrid still the best one in Lebbek. K lompang Barat. and Por-dapor. Its standard heterosis was 43% while standard heterosis for crop index was 31.41%.


Keywords


Nicotuma tabacum L.;hybrid;Fi;standard heterosis.;grade index;crop index

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/littri.v4n6.1999.168-173

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