Dampak Program Gerakan Tanam Cabai Terhadap Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Cabai Tingkat Rumah Tangga di Bogor dan Jakarta (Impact of Chilli Planting Program n Chilli Self Sufficiency at Household Level in Bogor and Jakarta)

Rizka Amalia Nugrahapsari, Rima Setiani, Sulusi Prabawati, nFN Turyono, nFN Hardiyanto

Abstract


Program Gerakan Tanam Cabai (Gertam Cabai) dilatarbelakangi oleh fluktuasi harga cabai yang berlangsung tiap tahun. Program ini bertujuan membantu penyediaan cabai secara berkelanjutan pada tingkat rumah tangga. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengkaji sejauh mana pengaruh Gertam Cabai terhadap kemandirian pemenuhan kebutuhan cabai tingkat rumah tangga di Kota Bogor dan Jakarta. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah statistik deskriptif dan impact analysis. Pada metode impact analysis dilakukan pengukuran nilai indikator sebelum dan setelah intervensi program pada dua kelompok, yaitu kelompok yang mendapat intervensi program (Kelompok Aksi) dan kelompok yang tidak mendapat intervensi program (Kelompok Kontrol). Pada masing-masing kelompok dilakukan penghitungan selisih nilai indikator pada saat impact dan baseline. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa program Gertam Cabai belum memberikan pengaruh terhadap pemenuhan kebutuhan cabai tingkat rumah tangga. Hal ini terlihat dari: (1) tidak adanya perbedaan volume pembelian cabai antara sebelum dan sesudah Gertam Cabai pada kelompok penerima, dan (2) tidak adanya perbedaan volume pembelian cabai sesudah periode program tersebut antara kelompok penerima dan non penerima. Hal ini disebabkan karena banyak tanaman cabai yang mati, cabai yang dibagikan tidak sesuai dengan preferensi konsumen, dan cabai merupakan komoditas yang bersifat inelastis. Terdapat beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan apabila program itu masih akan dilaksanakan, yaitu: (1) jenis cabai dalam program itu agar disesuaikan dengan preferensi konsumen, dan (2) pembangunan sistem dan tatanan kelembagaan untuk memastikan keberlanjutan program meliputi sistem pembagian benih, penentuan kelompok penerima, pendampingan pra dan pasca pembagian benih, serta pembekalan teknis budidaya kepada kelompok penerima.

Keywords

Gerakan tanam cabai; Rumah tangga; Impact analysis

Abstract 

Chilli planting program was motivated by the fluctuation of chili price every year. The objective of this program was to assist the household level for having sustainable supply of chilli. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of chilli Planting Program on the self sufficiency of household chilli needs in Bogor and Jakarta. The method of analysis used is descriptive statistics and impact analysis. In the impact analysis method, the indicator measurement before and after the program intervention was done in two groups: the group receiving the program (Action Group) and the group that did not participate in the program (Control Group). The next step is to calculate the difference between the indicators value at impact and baseline on each group. The results showed that chilli planting program has not affected chilli self sufficiency at household level. This can be seen from: (1) there is no difference in the volume of chilli purchasing before and after chilli planting program in the action group, and (2) there is no difference in the volume of chilli purchasing after chilli planting program period between action and control group. This is because a lot of chilli plants were dead, the chili was distributed not in accordance with consumer preferences, and chilli is an inelastic commodity. Some suggestions that should be considered if there is a continuation of the chilli planting program are (1) distributed chilli type has to satisfy household preferences, and (2) the program should be equipped by simultaneous development of system and institutional arrangement to ensure its sustainability, includes a system for distributing seeds, determining beneficiary groups, providing pre and post seed distribution, and providing technical training to the recipient groups.

 


Keywords


Chilli planting program; Household; Impact analysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v29n1.2019.p119-128

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