Identifikasi Status Hama pada Budidaya Paprika (Capsicum annuum var. grossum) di Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat

Laksminiwati Prabaningrum, Tonny Koestoni Moekasan

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Salah satu kendala dalam pengembangan agribisnis paprika adalah adanya serangan organisme pengganggu tumbuhan. Untuk mengetahui status beberapa jenis hama yang menyerang tanaman paprika pada musim hujan dan kemarau telah dilaksanakan survai pada bulan Januari dan Agustus 2003 di Kabupaten Bandung, yang merupakan sentra produksi paprika di Jawa Barat. Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner dengan responden sebanyak 30 orang. Data yang dihimpun meliputi jenis hama, kehilangan hasil panen, dan cara pengendaliannya. Data hasil analisis secara deskriptif disimpulkan bahwa trips merupakan hama utama tanaman paprika, baik pada musim hujan maupun pada musim kemarau. Kehilangan hasil panen berkisar antara 10-25% pada musim hujan dan 40-55% pada musim kemarau. Cara pengendalian yang dilakukan petani hanya mengandalkan pada penggunaan insektisida.

ABSTRACT. Prabaningrum, L. and T.K. Moekasan. 2007. Identification of Pests Status on Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum) in Bandung District, West Java Province. One of constraints in cultivating sweet pepper is pests and diseases problem. Survey to determine pests status on sweet pepper was carried out in January (rainy season) and August (dry season) in 2003 at Bandung District, West Java. Data were collected using questioner with 30 farmers as respondents. The data consisted of kind of pest, crop loss, and pest control and the data was analyzed descriptively. The results indicated that thrips was a key pest on sweet pepper in either rainy or dry season. Yield loss due to thrips was 10-25% in rainy season and 40-55% in dry season. All farmers used insecticide intensively to control thrips.

Keywords


Capsicum annuum var. grossum; Identifikasi; Status hama; Kehilangan hasil

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v17n2.2007.p%25p

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