Dayaguna Kompos Limbah Pertanian Berbahan Aktif Cendawan Gliocladium terhadap Dua Varietas Krisan

Antoro Wasito, Wakiah Nuryani

Abstract


Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui dayaguna kompos limbah pertanian berbahan aktif cendawan gliocladium dalam budidaya krisan. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kebun Percobaan Instalasi Penelitian Tanaman Hias, Segunung dari bulan Juni sampai dengan November 2000. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok pola faktorial dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama terdiri dari varietas saraswati dan retno dumilah serta enam dosis gliokompos sebagai faktor kedua. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keragaan tumbuh dan hasil bunga terbaik ditunjukkan oleh varietas saraswati. Penggunaan gliokompos sampai dengan 0,5 kg/m2 ternyata meningkatkan ketahanan tanaman terhadap serangan penyakit tular tanah serta meningkatkan pertumbuhan tanaman dan hasil bunga.

 

Application of agricultural waste compost consisting fungus gliocladium (gliocompost) on two chrysanthemum varieties. The experiment was conducted from June to November 2000 at Segunung Ornamental Research Station. The objectives of experiment were to determine the proper composition of a mixture compost and gliocladium to control soil borne pathogens and to increase crop production of chrysanthemum. A factorial randomized block design with three replications was used in this experiment. The first factor consisted of two varieties namely, saraswati and retno dumilah, the second factor comprised of six levels of gliocompost dosages. Results indicated that in term of plant growth and flower yield, saraswati was most responsive to the application up to 0.5 kg/m2 of gliocompost, significantly improved plant growth, flower productivity, and increase the resistance of plant to soil born diseases.


Keywords


Dendranthema grandiflora; Gliocladium; Compost; Growth; Yield

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v15n2.2005.p%25p

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ISSN: 0853-7097
E-ISSN: 2502-5120

 

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