Cara Aplikasi dan Takaran Pupuk terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Krisan

Rahayu Tedjasarwana, Evi Dwi Nugroho, Yusdar Hilman

Abstract


Krisan merupakan salah satu tanaman hias penting dalam industri florikultura di Indonesia. Dalam budidayanya, pertumbuhan dan produktivitas krisan sangat dipengaruhi oleh pemberian pupuk yang sesuai dan optimal. Pupuk N, P, dan K sering diaplikasikan tanpa memperhatikan cara aplikasi dan takaran yang tepat. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui cara aplikasi dan takaran pupuk terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi bunga krisan. Penelitian dilakukan di Kebun Percobaaan  Balai Penelitian Tanaman Hias Segunung 1.100 m dpl. dari bulan Januari sampai dengan Desember 2007. Bahan tanaman yang digunakan adalah krisan varietas Puspita Nusantara. Pupuk yang digunakan yaitu Urea, KNO3, dan SP-36. Percobaan menggunakan rancangan petak terpisah dengan tiga ulangan. Petak utama ialah cara aplikasi pupuk butiran dan fertigasi. Sebagai anak petak ialah takaran pupuk, yaitu tanpa pupuk, ½ takaran anjuran, 1 takaran anjuran, dan 1½ takaran anjuran. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pupuk dengan cara ditabur dan fertigasi memberikan pengaruh yang sama, sedangkan takaran pupuk 1½ takaran anjuran menunjukkan pertumbuhan vegetatif dan jumlah bunga lebih tinggi dibandingkan perlakuan lainnya (diameter batang terbesar 5,90 mm, panjang daun 8,41 cm, jumlah daun/tanaman tertinggi 37,5 helai, dan 10,5 kuntum/tanaman).



Chrysanthemum is one of important ornamental crops on the floriculture industry in Indonesia. In Chrysanthemum cultivation, growth and productivity of it are significantly affected by application of appropriate fertilizer in optimal dosage. N, P, and K fertilizer were frequently applied without taking into consideration on its application method and appropriate dosage. The objective of this study was to determine effect of application method and dosage of fertilizer on plant growth and production of Chrysanthemum. The experiment was carried out at Segunung Field Experiment Station of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute 1,100 m asl. from January to December 2007. The material used in the experiment was Puspita Nusantara varieties. The fertilizer utilized in the study were Urea, KNO3, and SP-36. The treatments were arranged in split plot design with three replications. The main plot was application method of fertilizer i.e. spreading and fertigation. The subplot was without fertilizer, ½ recommended suggestion dosage, 1 recommended suggestion dosage, and 1½ recommended suggestion dosage. Results showed that application of fertilizer both spreading and fertigation gave the same effect on growth and production of Chrysanthemum. Fertilizer dosage at 1½ recommended suggestion gave higher effect on vegetative plant growth and number of flower than those others (highest stem diameter 5.90 mm, highest leaf length 8.41 cm, highest leaf number/plant 37.5 leaves, and 10.5 flowers/plant).


Keywords


Dendranthema grandiflora; Application method; Dosage; Fertilizer

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v21n4.2011.p306-314

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2013 Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 


Jurnal Hortikultura (J.Hort) has been indexed :

         

===================================================================================================================

 Creative Commons License
Junal Hortikultura is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at www.litbang.pertanian.go.id.

Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3C Kampus Penelitian Pertanian Cimanggu Bogor 16124, Indonesia
Telp.  +62 251-8372096, 7565366, (Ext. 324) (Hunting System)
Faks.  +62 251-8387651, 8575664, 8372096
E-mail: redaksi.jhorti@gmail.com

ISSN: 0853-7097
E-ISSN: 2502-5120

 

free web stats

View My Stats