Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Paprika yang Ditanam pada Dua Tipe Konstruksi Rumah Plastik dan Dua Jenis Media Tanam

Tonny Koestoni Moekasan, A Everaars, H de Putter, - Subhan, Witono Adiyoga, N Gunadi

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Percobaan untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman paprika yang ditanam pada 2 tipe konstruksi rumah plastik dan 2 jenis media tanam, dilaksanakan di Kebun Percobaan Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran, Lembang (1.250 m dpl.), Jawa Barat dari bulan Mei 2004 sampai Februari 2005. Tanaman paprika ditanam pada 2 tipe konstruksi rumah plastik, yaitu (1) rumah plastik bambu dan (2) rumah plastik tipe kayu-metal. Jarak tanam yang digunakan pada masing-masing rumah plastik adalah 1,20x0,50 m. Dua jenis media tanam yaitu perlite dan arang sekam juga diteliti sebagai faktor perlakuan. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah acak kelompok dan masing-masing kombinasi perlakuan diulang 6 kali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tipe konstruksi rumah plastik berpengaruh terhadap intensitas cahaya matahari yang dapat diintersepsi di rumah plastik dan rumah plastik tipe kayu-metal dapat mengintersepsi cahaya matahari 12,6% lebih tinggi daripada rumah plastik bambu. Bobot dan jumlah buah per tanaman dari tanaman paprika yang ditanam di rumah plastik tipe kayu-metal lebih tinggi daripada tanaman paprika yang ditanam di rumah plastik bambu. Tanaman paprika yang ditanam di media tanam arang sekam memberikan bobot dan jumlah buah per tanaman paprika lebih tinggi daripada media tanam perlite. Untuk mengatasi temperatur terlalu tinggi di rumah plastik tipe kayu-metal dapat dilakukan dengan membuat ventilasi di atap dan dengan cara menambah populasi tanaman.

ABSTRACT. Gunadi, N., T.K. Moekasan, A. Everaarts, H. de Putter, Subhan, and W. Adiyoga. 2008. The Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper Planted on Two Types of Plastichouse Construction and Two Kinds of Growing Media. An experiment to determine the growth and yield of sweet pepper grown in 2 different plastichouse constructions and 2 growing media was conducted at the field experiment of Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute, Lembang (1,250 m asl.), West Java from May 2004 to February 2005. Sweet pepper plants were grown at 2 different plastichouse constructions i.e. (1) bamboo plastichouse and (2) wood-metal type plastichouse. Plant spacing in each plastichouse was 1.20x0.50 m. Two planting media i.e. perlite and rice husk were also evaluated as the treatment factor. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design and each treatment combination was replicated 6 times. The results indicated that plastichouse construction affected the light intensity intercepted in each plastichouse and the wood-metal type plastichouse intercepted light 12.6% higher than that in the bamboo plastichouse. Fruit weight and fruit number per plant of sweet pepper grown at the wood-metal type plastichouse were higher than those of grown at the bamboo plastichouse. Sweet pepper plant grown in rice husk growing media gave higher either fruit weight or fruit number per plant than those grown in perlite. In order to reduce the high temperature occurred in the wood-metal type plastichouse, ventilation could be provided on the roof or increasing the plant population.


Keywords


Capsicum annuum; Konstruksi rumah plastik; Media tanam; Hasil.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v18n3.2008.p%25p

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