Adaptasi Agronomis dan Kelayakan Finansial Usahatani Krisan di Daerah Yogyakarta

M F Masyhudi, - Suhardi

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Krisan merupakan salah satu tanaman hias yang memiliki nilai ekonomi tinggi dan sangat populer di
kalangan masyarakat Yogyakarta. Akan tetapi kebutuhan bunga potong ini, di Yogyakarta, justru didatangkan dari
luar daerah, seperti Bandungan (Jawa Tengah) dan Batu, Malang (Jawa Timur). Pengkajian yang dilakukan BPTP
Yogyakarta sejak Juli 2005 sampai Februari 2007 di Dusun Wonokerso, Desa Hargobinangun, Kecamatan Pakem,
Kabupaten Sleman, ditujukan untuk membuktikan bahwa tanaman krisan dapat beradaptasi dan dibudidayakan dengan
baik di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Berbagai varietas bunga krisan dapat tumbuh subur dan terbukti budidaya tanaman
hias ini dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan petani. Analisis ekonomi usahatani budidaya bunga krisan menunjukkan
B/C rasio = 1,05 dan R/C rasio = 2,05 pada tahun 2005. Dengan meningkatnya pengalaman petani maka B/C rasio dan
R/C rasio berturut-turut menjadi 1,47 dan 2,47 pada tahun 2006, dan kemudian lebih meningkat lagi pada awal tahun
2007 dengan B/C rasio= 2,12 dan R/C rasio= 3,12. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa budidaya tanaman
bunga potong krisan sangat menguntungkan dan layak untuk dikembangkan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.

ABSTRACT. Masyhudi, M.F. and Suhardi. 2009. Agronomical Adaptation and Financial Feasibility of
Chrysanthemum in Yogyakarta Region. Chrysanthemum is one of the ornamental plants, potential to be developed
in the area of Yogyakarta. It is very popular and has high economical value. However, the supply of this commodity
in Yogyakarta was still fulfilled by other provinces such as Central Java (Bandungan) and East Java (Batu, Malang).
The Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology Yogyakarta (AIAT Yogyakarta) conducted some experiments on
chrysanthemum from July 2005 to February 2007 in Hargobinangun Village, Pakem Subdistrict, Sleman District. The
objectives of the study were to examine the agronomically adaptation and financial feasibility of chrysanthemum to
prove that chrysanthemum can be cultivated and profitable in Yogyakarta. The results indicated that chrysanthemum
adapted very well in Hargobinangun, Yogyakarta region. Several varieties of chrysanthemum growth well and gave
benefits to the local farmers. Financial analysis of chrysanthemum cultivation indicated that B/C ratio= 1.05 and R/C
ratio = 2.05 can be reached in the first year (2005), with the increased experiences of the farmers in chrysanthemum
farming system, B/C ratio and R/C ratio were also increased to 1.47 and 2.47 in the year of 2006, and B/C ratio= 2.12
and R/C ratio= 3.12 in 2007. It can be concluded that chrysanthemum was agronomically well adapted and financially
viable, hence it was quite potential and prospective to be developed in Yogyakarta region.


Keywords


Dendranthema grandiflora; Cut flower; Adaptation; Economical analysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v19n2.2009.p%25p

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