Analisis Berkelanjutan Usahatani Tanaman Sayuran Berbasis Pengendalian Hama Terpadu di Kabupaten Tanggamus Provinsi Lampung (Analysis of Sustainability Status of Vegetable Farm Based on Integrated Pest Management at Tanggamus District Lampung Province)

nFN Sudiono, Surjono Hadi Sutjahyo, Nurheni Wijayanto, Purnama Hidayat, Rachman Kurniawan

Abstract


Produktivitas usahatani sayuran menghadapi kendala produksi akibat gangguan organisme pengganggu tanaman, hal tersebut dapat diselesaikan melalui praktek pertanian yang baik dan pengendalian hama terpadu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan indikator pengelolaan usahatani tanaman sayuran berkelanjutan dan menganalisis nilai indeks keberlanjutan pengelolaan usahatani berbasis pengendalian hama terpadu. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Maret sampai Oktober 2015 di Kabupaten Tanggamus, Provinsi Lampung. Metode penelitian menggunakan analisis multi dimensional scaling (MDS), leverage analysis, analisis Monte Carlo dengan teknik rapid appraisal for integrated pest management (Rap IPM) yang hasilnya dinyatakan dalam bentuk nilai indeks dan status keberlanjutan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 60 atribut yang di antaranya terdapat 20 faktor pengungkit atau atribut yang sensitif terhadap nilai indeks dan status keberlanjutan. Indeks keberlanjutan usahatani tanaman sayuran berbasis PHT di Kabupaten Tanggamus termasuk kriteria kurang berkelanjutan, dengan indeks gabungan sebesar 48,13. Indeks keberlanjutan yang paling tinggi adalah dimensi sosial dan ekonomi masing-masing sebesar 60,90 dan 51,39 termasuk kriteria cukup berkelanjutan, sedangkan dimensi ekologi, teknologi, dan kelembagaan masing-masing sebesar 48,54; 38,36; dan 40,61 termasuk kriteria kurang berkelanjutan.

Keywords

Multi dimensional scaling (MDS); Hama; Penyakit; Rap IPM

Abstract

The yield of vegetable is at risk due to the incidence of pests and pathogens. It was related to good agricultural practices and integrated pest management. The purposes of this research were to identify indicators of sustainable vegetables farm and to analyze index sustainability of vegetable farm based on integrated pest management. The research was conducted from March to October 2015 in Tanggamus District, Lampung Province. This research applied multi dimensional scaling (MDS), leverage analysis, and Monte Carlo analysis by rapid appraisal for integrated pest management (Rap IPM). Research showed that among 60 indicators analyzed there were 20 sensitive indicators that affected sustainability index and status. Sustainability index in Tanggamus District were dimension of social and economy obtained value 60.90 and 51.39, it was categorized as sufficiently sustainable, while sustainability index of ecology, technology, and institution dimensions were 48.54, 38.36, and 40.61 respectively, which were considered as less sustainable.


Keywords


Multi dimensional scaling (MDS); Pest; Disease; Rap IPM

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abawi, GS & Widmer, TL 2000, ‘Impact of soil health management practices on soilborne pathogens, nematodes , and root diseases of vegetable crops’, Applied Soil Ecology, vol. 15, pp. 37-47.

Alder, J, Pitcher TJ, Preikshot, D, Kaschner, K & Ferriss, B 2003, ‘How good is good?: A rapid appraisal technique for evaluation of the sustainability status of fisheries of the North Atlantic, sea around US’, Method. Rev., pp. 136-40.

Ameriana, M 2008, ‘Perilaku petani sayuran dalam menggunakan pestisida kimia’, J. Hort., vol. 18, no. 1, hlm. 95-106.

Arsil, P & Djatna, T 2011, ‘Pengelompokan sayuran berbasis pertanian berkelanjutan untuk menunjang agroindustri pedesaan di Kabupaten Purbalingga’, J. Tek. Ind. Per., vol. 21, no. 2, hlm. 81 – 8.

Badan Pusat Statistik 2013, Hasil sensus pertanian 2013, diunduh 30 Agustus 2014,.

Effendi, BS 2009, ‘Strategi pengendalian hama terpadu tanaman padi dalam perspektif praktek pertanian yang baik (good agricultural practices)’, Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian, vol. 2, no. 1, hlm. 65-78.

Fauzi, A & Anna, S 2005, Permodelan sumber daya perikanan dan kelautan, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Heriani, N, Zakaria, WA & Soelaiman, S 2013, ‘Analisis keuntungan dan risiko usahatani tomat di Kecamatan Sumberejo Kabupaten Tanggamus’, Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Agribisnis, vol. 1, no. 2, hlmn.169-173. diunduh 8 Desember 2013, .

Jaya, R, Machfud, Raharja, S & Marimin 2013, ‘Sustainability analysis for Gayo coffee supply chain’, Advance Science Enginering Information Technology, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 24-9.

Kalmar, E, Ivey, SL, Bradman, A, Leonard, V & Alkon, A 2014, ‘Implementing an integrated pest management (IPM) program in childcare centers: A qualitative study’, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, vol. 29, pp. 245-54, diunduh 11 Januari 2016, .

Kavanagh, P & Pitcher, TJ 2004, ‘Implementing microsoft excel software for rapfish: A technique for the rapid appraisal of fisheries status. University of British Columbia’, Fisheries Centre Research Report, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 275-450

Kavanagh, P 2001, ‘Rapid appraisal of fisheries (Rapfish) project, Rapfish software description (for Microsoft Excel)’, University of British Columbia, Fisheries Centre, Vancouver, Canada.

Kementerian Pertanian 2015, Rencana strategis Kementerian Pertanian 2015-2019, Jakarta.

Khoirunnisa, A, Haryono, D & Nugraha, A 2013, ‘Analisis pendapatan dan pengambilan keputusan dalam menentukan tanaman sayuran unggulan di Kecamatan Gisting Kabupaten Tanggamus’, Jurnal Ilmu Agribisnis, vol. 1, no. 2, hlm. 98-104, diunduh 8 Desember 2013, .

Nismah & Susilo, FX 2008, ‘Keanekaragaman dan kelimpahan lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) pada beberapa sistem penggunaan lahan di Bukit Rigis, Sumberjaya, Lampung Barat’, J. HPT Tropika, vol. 8, no. 2, hlm. 82-9.

Nurhamidah 2005, ‘Penentuan kondisi optimum HPLC untuk pemisahan residu pestisida imidaklorid, profenopos dan deltametrin pada cabai’, Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, vol. 7, no. 2, hlm. 87-93.

Pitcher, TJ, Lam, ME, Ainsworth, C, Martindale, A, Nakamura, K, Perry, RI & Ward, T 2013, ‘Improvements to Rapfish: A rapid evaluation technique for fisheries integrating ecological and human dimensions’, Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 83, pp. 865-89, doi:10.1111/jfb.12122.

Pitcher, TJ & Preikshot, D 2001, ‘RAPFISH: A rapid appraisal technique to evaluate the sustainability status of fisheries’, Fisheries Research, vol. 49, pp. 255-70.

Prabaningrum, L & Moekasan, TK 2011, ‘Penerapan teknologi pengendalian hama terpadu untuk mengendalikan organisme pengganggu tumbuhan utama pada tanaman paprika’, J. Hort., vol. 21, no. 3, hlm. 245-53.

Prasnee, T, Craswell, ET, Noble, AD & Vogt, DS 2007, ‘Resource integration for multiple benefits: Multifunctionality of integrated farming systems in Northeast Thailand’, Agricultural Systems, vol. 94, pp. 694-703.

Ratnadass, A, Fernandes, P, Avelino, J & Habib, R 2012, ‘Plant species diversity for sustainable management of crop pests and diseases in agroecosystems: A Review, Agron Sustain Dev., vol. 32, pp. 273-303, doi 10.1007/s13593-011-0022-4.

Samekto, R 2011, ‘Penilaian pengelolaan sistem pertanian berkelanjutan pada skala usahatani’, Jurnal Inovasi Pertanian, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-16.

Sastrosiswoyo, S 1995, ‘Sistem pengendalian terpadu dalam menunjang agribisnis sayuran’, Prosiding seminar nasional komoditas sayuran, Balitsa, hlm. 69-83.

Sinukaban, N 2010, ‘Pengelolaan lahan pertanian berbasis pembangunan berkelanjutan’, J. Hidrolitan., vol. 1, no. 1, hlm. 1-9.

Sudiono, Nuryasin, Hidayat, SH & Hidayat, P 2005, ‘Penyebaran dan deteksi molekuler virus gemini penyebab penyakit kuning pada tanaman cabai di Sumatera’, J. HPT Tropika, vol. 5, no. 2, hlm. 93-7.

Sudiono & Purnomo 2008, ‘Studi kisaran inang kutu kebul (bemisia tabaci genn) di sentra saturan dataran tinggi di Tanggamus’, J. Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, vol. 8, no. 3, hlm. 103-7.

Sudiono 2013, ‘Penyebaran penyakit kuning di Kabupaten Tanggamus dan Lampung Barat’, J. Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, vol. 13, no. 1, hlm. 1-7.

Sugiyanto & Prihatin 2010, ‘Analisis pestisida karbaril dengan metode KLT- Densitometri dalam matriks kedelai dan validasi metodenya’, Berk. Penel. Hayat., vol. 15, hlm. 165-9.

Supriatna, A 2009, ‘Pola pelayanan pembiayaan sistem kredit mikro usahatani di tingkat pedesaan’, Jurnal Litbang Pertaniaan, vol. 28, no. 3, hlm. 111-7.

Suryaningsih, E 2008, ‘Pengendalian tanaman sayuran yang ditanaman sistem budidaya mozaik pada pertanian periurban’, J. Hort., vol. 18, no. 2, hlm. 200-11.

Sutrisna, N, Santun, RPS, Pramudya, B & Harianto 2010, Alternatif model usahatani konservasi tanaman sayuran di hulu sub Das Cipakundung’, J. Hort., vol. 2, no. 3, hlm. 230-40.

Tesfamichael, D & Pitcher, TJ 2006, ‘Multidisciplinary evaluation of the sustainability of red sea fisheries using rapfish’, Fisheries Reasearch, vol. 78, pp. 277-35, diunduh 11 Januari 2016, .




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v27n2.2017.p297-310

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 


Jurnal Hortikultura (J.Hort) has been indexed :

        

===================================================================================================================

 Creative Commons License
Junal Hortikultura is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at www.litbang.pertanian.go.id.

Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3C Kampus Penelitian Pertanian Cimanggu Bogor 16124, Indonesia
Telp.  +62 251-8372096, 7565366, (Ext. 324) (Hunting System)
Faks.  +62 251-8387651, 8575664, 8372096
E-mail: redaksi.jhorti@gmail.com

ISSN: 0853-7097
E-ISSN: 2502-5120

 

free web stats

View My Stats