Penggunaan Mountain Microorganism pada Budidaya Cabai Merah Menggunakan Teknologi Input Produksi Rendah (The Using of Mountain Microorganism in Chilli Cropping System by Used of Low Input Technology)

Liferdi Lukman, Muhammad Syakir, Wiwin Setiawati, Ahsol Hasyim

Abstract


Mountain microorganism (MM) merupakan kumpulan dari berbagai mikrobe menguntungkan yang ditemukan pada tanah yang masih virgin pada serasah yang ada di pegunungan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui efikasi MM sebagai bioactivator, biofermented, dan biopestisida untuk meningkatkan hasil cabai dengan menggunakan teknologi LEISA. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Ciamis, Jawa Barat mulai bulan Mei sampai dengan bulan Desember 2016. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Petak terpisah dengan empat ulangan. Faktor utama adalah pengelolaan hara (a = kompos + EM4) dan (a = kompos + MM + BF) 12. Subplot adalah dosis NPK (b = 1.000 kg/ha NPKdan b = 625 kg/ha NPK), dan sub-subplot adalah cara pengendalian OPT (c1= 12 konvensional dan c2 = biopestisida MM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian MM pada kompos dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan (tinggi dan lebar kanopi) tanaman cabai sebesar 2 – 8 cm, dapat meningkatkan jumlah buah, jumlah bunga, jumlah cabang, dan bobot buah serta mampu meningkatkan produktivitas cabai sebesar 7,20% hingga 12,5%. Pemberian kompos + MM dapat memperbaiki kesuburan kimia, sifat fisiko-kimia dan biologi tanah sehingga lebih sesuai untuk budidaya tanaman cabai merah. Pengurangan pupuk NPK sebanyak 37,5% tidak memberikan pengaruh yang nyata terhadap peningkatan produktivitas cabai merah dan komponen hasil lainnya. Penggunaan MM sebagai biopestisida dapat menghambat perkembangan OPT dengan efikasi setara dengan penggunaan insektisida sintetik.

Keywords

Mikroorganisme pegunungan (MM); Pupuk kimia;, Biopestisida; Cabai; LEISA

Abstract

Mountain microorganism (MM) is a collection of various beneficial microorganism that was found in virgin soils or forest decomposing organic matter, used in the preparation of bokashi, bioferments, and biopesticides. The objective of this experiment found the efficacy of MM as bioactivator, bioferments, and biopesticide to increase the yield of chili pepper under LEISA technology. The experiment was conducted in Ciamis, West Java from May to December 2016. The experiment arranged in a split-plot design with four applications. Main plot was nutrient management (a1 = compost + EM4) and (a2 = compost + MM + BF). Subplot were dose of NPK (b1 = 1,000 kg/ha of NPK, b2 = 625 kg/ha of NPK), and sub-subplot were control of pest and diseases (c1= conventional and c2 = biopesticide). Result of this experiment showed that the used of MM on compost can increase growth (height and width of the canopy) pepper plants of 2-8 cm, the amount of fruit, flower number, number of branches and fruit weight and increase production chili at 7.20% until 12. 15%. The use of compost + MM can improve the fertility of chemical, physicochemical properties, and biological soil, making it more suitable for the cultivation of chili pepper. Reduction of NPK fertilizer as much as 37.5% do not provide an effect on productivity improvement and the other components of yield. Efficacy of MM as biopesticide similar to synthetic pesticide and could reduce plant damage due to pest and diseases.


Keywords


Mountain microorganism (MM); Fertilizer; Biopesticide; Chilli pepper; LEISA

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v30n1.2020.p29-40

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