Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Buah Naga (The Influence of Organic Fertilizer to Growth and Production of Dragon Fruit)

Irwan Muas, nFN Jumjunidang, nFN Hendri, Bambang Hariyanto, Liza Oktariana

Abstract


Pemupukan merupakan salah satu aspek penting untuk meningkatkan produktivitas dan kualitas buah naga. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian pupuk organik terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi buah naga. Penelitian dilaksanakan di kebun petani Nagari Aripan, Kabupaten Solok, Provinsi Sumatra Barat, dimulai sejak Januari sampai dengan Desember 2014. Penelitian disusun berdasarkan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Faktorial dengan dua faktor perlakuan dan tiga ulangan, setiap unit perlakuan terdiri atas tiga tiang. Faktor pertama adalah takaran pupuk organik dengan tiga level, yaitu 5, 10, dan 15 kg/tiang. Faktor kedua adalah interval waktu pemberian pupuk organik terdiri atas empat level, yaitu 1, 2, 3, dan 4 bulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pupuk organik secara nyata dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan (jumlah cabang), jumlah produksi dan kualitas buah (grade/ukuran buah, TSS). Pemberian pupuk organik juga dapat meningkatkan kandungan hara pada tanah dan tanaman. Aplikasi pupuk organik dengan takaran 15 kg dan interval 1 bulan berpengaruh nyata terhadap pertumbuhan (jumlah cabang), produksi, dan kualitas buah (grade/ukuran buah) tertinggi. Implikasi dari penelitian ini adalah dalam meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan produksi buah naga perlu dilakukan aplikasi pupuk organik.

Keywords

Pupuk organik; Pertumbuhan; Produksi; Buah naga

Abstract

Fertilization is one of important aspect in improving the productivity and quality of dragon fruit. This study aims to determine the effect of organic fertilizer on the growth and production of dragon fruit. The research was conducted from January to December 2014 at farmer orchard in Solok District, West Sumatra. The study was prepared based on a Factorial RCBD with two factors and three replicates, each treatment consisting of three pillars. First factor  was organic fertilizer dose with three levels (5, 10, and 15 kg/pillar).  Second factor was the interval application of organic fertilizer consisting of four levels (1, 2, 3, and 4 months). The results showed that the provision of organic fertilizer can significantly increase the growth (number of branches), amount of production and quality of fruit (grade/fruit size,TSS). Provision of organic fertilizers can also increase the nutrient content of soil and plants. Application of organic fertilizer with a dose of 15 kg and 1 month interval gives the highest growth (number of branches), the highest number of fruit production and quality (grade/fruit size) are significantly. Implication of this research is to increase the growth and production of dragon fruit that needs to be done organic fertilizer application.


Keywords


Organic fertilizer; Growth; Production; Dragon fruit

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v30n1.2020.p21-28

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