DAMPAK BANTUAN LANGSUNG TUNAI TERHADAP KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI INDONESIA

Eka Rastiyanto Amrullah

Abstract


Bantuan langsung tunai semakin banyak digunakan untuk memperkuat ketahanan pangan dan mengurangi kerentanan kemiskinan. Di indonesia, bantuan langsung tunai telah berlangsung beberapa dekade, bertujuan untuk mencegah pengurangan pengeluaran komoditas pangan penting rumah tangga miskin, kesehatan dan pendidikan karena adanya kenaikan harga minyak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat sejauh mana program bantuan langsung tunai dapat mempengaruhi ketahanan pangan rumah penerima. Sumber data yang digunakan adalah SUSENAS 2015 (Maret), metode analisisi menggunakan penduga PSM dan IPWRA. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa pemberian bantuan langsung tunai mampu memberikan dampak positif bagi rumah tangga penerima dalam aspek asupan kalori dan protein perkapita/hari. Selanjutnya, bantuan langsung tunai juga berdampak positif terhadap pengeluaran pangan perkapita dan pangsa pengeluaran pangan. Selain itu, bantuan langsung tunai juga berdampak pada perubahan pangsa pengeluaran pangan dimana terjadi pergeseran konsumsi pangan dari kelompok pangan umbi-umbian, pangan hewani, buah dan sayur menuju kelompok padi-padian, makanan dan minuman jadi serta rokok. Temuan ini mengindikasikan terjadi perubahan pola konsumsi pangan diantara rumah tangga penerima menjadi lebih konsumtif. Secara keseluruhan, bantuan langsung tunai mampu mampu memberikan dampak positif terhadap beberapa indikator ketahanan pangan. Dampak yang tidak terlalu besar menunjukkan bahwa pemberian bantuan langsung tunai saja tidak cukup untuk mengatasi kendala permintaan dan penawaran rumah tangga ketika berupaya untuk mendapatkan makanan yang cukup dan bergizi.  Perlu ada kombinasi antara bantuan langsung tunai dengan program jaring pengaman social lainnya yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga miskin.


Keywords


direct cash transfer, household, food security

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jae.v38n2.2020.%25p

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